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Bamboo as an alternative source for making decorative paper

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joyce lascano

on 9 February 2014

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Transcript of Bamboo as an alternative source for making decorative paper

Bamboo as an alternative source for making decorative paper
HYPOTHESIS
There is no significant
difference between
the paper produced
using bamboo stalks and
the commercial paper products in
terms of durability, color,
texture and affordability.
RECOMMENDATION
SUMMARY
CONCLUSION
• Bamboo can be used as raw material for making decorative paper because it is one source of fibers and cellulose.

• Decorative paper from bamboo can be made easily because it is abundant in nature.

• The decorative paper or more affordable since it can be easily made at home

• The hypothesis was supported on all the three trials because bamboo stalks or bamboo sheaths was successfully made into a decorative paper.

• There is no significant difference between the product made and the commercial ones in terms of durability, texture, and color.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION
study focused on the feasibility of Bamboo stalk as an alternative source of raw material for paper

determined the properties of bamboo suitable for paper making and the testing of the product compared to the paper products from commercial markets.

limited to the use of only one specie of Bamboo available in the place of study

process will not use highly modern procedures in paper making and chemicals commonly used to utilize in modern paper country

the study is limited to testing the products to the durability, texture, affordability and the color.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.) What are the properties of Bamboo stalks as a source of
decorative paper?

2.)What are the proportions of Bamboo stalks as a source
of decorative paper?

3.) How effective is the bamboo stalk to be utilized as a raw material in paper making in terms of
3.1. Durability;
3.2. Texture;
3.3. Color;
3.4. Affordability;

4.) Is there a significant difference between the product made and the commercial ones?

5.)What is the environmental implication of using Bamboo stalks as an alternative raw material in making paper?



Batangas is one of many cities and towns that implements campaign against the use of non-biodegradable materials like plastics and styrofoams. In fact, grocery stores and fast food chains are strictly following this policy. Along its implementation is the higher demand for paper products that is used as alternative for plastics and styrofoams. This would mean that there will be more trees to cut to produce paper and a higher possibility of floods.

For this reason, this study aimed to determine the feasibility of Bamboo stalks as a good source of fiber for producing paper will be significant for different sectors.

Environmental problems are everywhere like pollution and the number are catastrophic that ends thousands of lives especially here in our country. Floods are one of them, moreover, it is a major problem both in urban and rural places. It is due to heavy rainfall and mainly because the trees in the environment are getting scarce.
One of the major activities or productions that uses great amount of our forest resources is paper making, whether it is a writing or a decorative paper. Since Philippines is now one of the main countries that produces paper out of natural raw materials, several research institutions are now conducting study and assessment on the possibility of other natural resources as raw materials in making paper.
Because of these researchers, people today are aware that there are many other materials having the potential to be utilized for making paper. However, the current researcher believes that not all other possible natural resources has been tested.

In making paper, a dilute suspension of fibers in water is drained through a screen, so that a mat of randomly interwoven fibers is laid down. Water is removed from this mat of fibers by pressing and drying to make paper.
Most paper has been made from wood pulp because of cost. But other fiber sources such as cotton and textiles are used for high-quality papers. An example of a possible natural resources that is a non-wood material is the bamboo. Bamboo fiber is a regenerated cellulosic fiber produced from bamboo. Starchy pulp is produced from bamboo stems and leaves through a process of alkaline hydrolysis and multi-purpose bleaching. Further, chemical processes produce bamboo fiber.
Bamboo fiber fabric is made of 100% bamboo pulp fiber. It is characterized by its excellent permeability, soft feel, easiness to straighten and dye and splendid color effect of pigmentation.

Repeated technological analysis has proved that this kind of fiber has a thinness degree and whiteness degree close to normal finely bleached viscose and has a strong durability, stability and tenacity.

Bamboo is a renewable resource due to its short growth time requirement. It only takes about four years from planting to harvest time to prepare it for applications. It is for this season that we would like to share our contribution to the bulk of researchers for determining an economically feasible raw material for producing paper, specifically a decorative paper from Bamboo. This study will help saving the environment especially the forest resources from dearth because there will be an alternative source in making paper
INRODUCTION
• Further testing is needed to certify the feasibility of bamboo as raw material for making paper

• Other combinations of measurements of materials must be tested or done to achieve a durable, soft, white and good-quality decorative paper.

• Paper-making industry must consider bamboo as an alternative source of raw material in manufacturing decorative paper and other paper products

• To test the usefulness of this material, consulting a botanist and expert in paper making is allowed.




SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Bamboo stalk
Sizing Agent (starch)
Sodium Hydroxide
Water
Blender
Silk Screen
Knife
Chopping Board
MATERIALS

It will be significant for the paper industries for them to have other possible source of raw material and a higher productivity rate because Bamboo grows faster than the common source of paper. Also, for those landowners whose main product is Bamboo, it will be beneficial for them as a source of income.

Similarly, the study is very significant for the welfare of the environment since considering alternative source of material for paper will minimize the degradation of forest through cutting of trees.

Moreover, it aims to be of great help to many people in the community and to help them economically since paper is widely used and this study aims to produce a cheaper but with equal quality as the commercial ones.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Based from the ratings, you can see that the decorative paper made in trial 2 and trial 3 are relatively high. This is because the fibers were blended firmly thus, resulting into better texture, and color. High ratings for affordability can also be observed because materials needed can easily be gathered especially bamboo which is abundant in nature. There is just a discrepancy or differences in the rating of durability because it is controlled by the amount of starch used, proportional to the amount of bamboo fibers to be binded.
Decorative paper from Bamboo can be easily made by gathering bamboo stalks boiled in a sodium hydroxide solution and blended with starch solution.

As we observe from the 3 trials the amount of bamboo stalks and water were kept constant or if there are different measurements, it were kept directly proportional with each other while there is an increase and decrease amount of starch and sodium hydroxide to test the feasibility of bamboo stalks or fibers as raw material for making decorative paper.
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