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Transcript of Reader-Response Criticism
Ashley Holt What is Reader-Response? -The readers interpretation of a text influenced under guidance of the text or relevant experiences.
-Reader-response is usually used when “gaps” in literature are left open for interpretation. Purpose -Mainly needed to explain/connect the gaps in the text. (Connect the dots)
-To leave the reader with a active sense of involvement in the text. Significance -To gain personal knowledge
-To find out how the text has changed/affected you psychologically/morally Dont leave that door just yet. There are 2 types of Reader-Response Critisism! WHAT?! THERES TWO?!?
INCEPTION. Ethical Criticism (Reader-Response criticism) Subjective Criticism There are 3 broad groups of interpretations that fill the gaps in the novel:
-Straight: This is the novel being interpreted as a classic, ghost, horror-story. All of the ghosts were present in the novel as a fact.
(Pg. 41- "There was an alien object in view ... of the positive identity of the apparition I would assure myself")
-Ironic: This is the novel being interpreted as the ghosts being imaginary and disguised as psychological beings seen by the governess.
(Pg. 121- "There, There! ... But he had already jerked around, stared, glared again, and seen but the quiet day")
-Mazed: This is the view that rejects any interpretations/filled gaps and takes the story as itself.
(Pg. 100-"She inst there... nobody's there-and you never see nothing!" In context to the Turn of the Screw -Ethical Criticism is more of a partnership of the reader's interpretations and the text as a guideline.
-Ethical Criticism is not only interested in how readers respond to the same texts, but also the variety of answers the readers present.
-Emerged in the 1970s, they focus on what the texts do to the mind of the reader.
They live under the guidance of the text and personal experiences. To be more specific: -The general idea of subjective criticism is “one who believes that a text means whatever we make it out to mean”
-Subjective critics have “absolute priority of individual selves as creator of texts”. In other words, they are not guided by the texts but rather motivated by their personal and psychological needs.
-They tend to find/create their own themes that shape to the patterns of their own desires. Interpreters don’t decode stories; they make them. They create their own value/meaning under the text; making them active readers. This is main point of reader-response criticism To wrap things up