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Copy of Imperialism in India, China, and Japan
Transcript of Copy of Imperialism in India, China, and Japan
Mutsuhito Meiji Era Russo-Japanese War Treaty of Portsmouth Qing Dynasty Guangzhou Opium Opium War Extraterritorial rights Treaty of Nanjing Taiping Rebellion Dowager Empress Cixi Sphere of Influence Open Door Policy Guangxu Annexation (Korea) The belief that people should be loyal mainly
to their nation- that is, to the people with
whom they share a culture and history- rather
than to a king or empire. A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other counties politically, economically, or socially. British set up trading posts in Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta in 1600s.
They took advantage of the Mughal Empire's collapse.
Robert Clive leads company in Battle of Plassey in 1757.
After the battle the company governed much of India An Indian soldiers serving under British command Began during the18th century in Great Britian
It was a shift from making goods by hand to making them by machine in factories
As a result India became a big supplier of raw materials for their factories
A term for the British colony of India
It meant that India was valuable to Great Britain because they supplied a majority of raw materials and was a large market for British-made goods.
http://www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/gallery/photos/8.html#spices The British built railroads that connected regions.
They also built road networks, telephone lines, dams, bridges and canals.
Public health and sanitation improved.
The British founded schools and colleges which increased literacy.
They also put a stop to bandits and local warfare.
Indian businesses could not compete with British businesses
A conversion to cash crops created famine because it reduced food production.
Indian traditional life was threatened by missionaries and racist views.
It began in 1857 when sepoys began to believe that their cartridges of their rifles were sealed with beef and pork fat.
Some sepoys refused to use the cartridges because of religious reasons and were put in jail.
The next day the sepoys marched to Delhi and captured the city in rebellion.
After the sepoys spread over north India the British sent troops to help the East India Company and they eventually gained control over India after a year. British control of India from 1757-1947.
The Father of Modern India
He fought to move India into modernization by moving India away from traditional practices and Ideas nationalists groups that rose out of an Indian spirit of nationalism
they called for specific concerns for Indians and self-government China's Dynasty in the 18th century
China was very self-sufficient and not open to foreginers
Most of China chose to remain isolated from westernization until mid-19th century The only place that China would allow foreigners to trade and do business.
China earned more profit for its exports than its imports when trading with the western world A drug that the British smuggled into China
by 1835 more than 12 million Chinese people used the drug
Great Britain used this drug to gain control of China's imports It began when Britain refused to stop importing opium to China
In 1840 Lin Zexu ordered 20,000 chests of opium to be burned
As a result war broke out in the sea and China was defeated as a result of outdated ships A peace treaty between Great Britain and China in 1842
It ended the Opium War but not the opium trade
It also gave the island of Hong Kong to British control Opened up other ports besides Guangzhou for trade with foregin powers.
These ports were exempt from Chinese law A rebellion against the Qing Dynasty
Led by Hong Xiuquan who created an army and took control of the city of Nanjing
The Taiping government was finally overthrown after 14 years of fighting and over 20 million deaths. She ruled China in the last half of the 19th century
She fought to keep China traditional however she did support certain reforms like education, and military. During the late 19th century China became weak in military technology and experienced problems in economics
As a result other nations gained a foothold in China and began to control China's trade and investment A Policy proposed by the United States in 1899
It stated that all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China. The Nephew of Empress Cixi
He began a Hundred Days of Reform to modernize China
He was arrested beause the Qing officials saw him as a threat to their power Boxer Rebellion It began with the Society of Harmonious Fists (Boxers) that wanted to end foregin influence in China and the reign of Empress Cixi
They seiged Beijing for months but were finally defeated by 20,000 troops from outside China.
Tokugawa shogun The ruler of Japan
Kept Japan isolated from foregin control Wrote a letter to the shogun asking Japan to open their ports for American ships.
A year later Japan agreed to open their ports. An agreement in 1854 that opened two Japanese ports to U.S. ships
The treaty also allowed the U.S. to open an embassy in Japan He was Japan's young emperor who belived strongly in nationalism for Japan and did not support the Treaty of Kanagawa
When the people began to support Mutsuhito the shogun stepped down When the shogun stepped down Mutsuhito established a new era
Meiji means "enlightened rule"
This reign lasted from 1867-1912 Sino-Japanese War It began with a hands-off policy between Japan and China toward Korea
When China broke the policy to help Korea in a rebellion Japan protested and sent troops into Korea to fight China
Japan drove out the Chinese and a peace treaty was signed After the Sino-Japanese War Japan and Russia were the major powers in East Asia
Japan offered to recognized Russia's influence in Manchuria if the Russians stayed out of Korea
The Russians refused and in 1904 Japan attacked the Russian navy.
Japan destroyed much of Russia's navy and drove Russia out of Korea This treaty ended the Russo-Japanese War
It gave Japan the captured territories and forced Russia to stay out of Korea and Manchuria. After the Treaty of Portsmouth Japan attacked Korea
In 1907 the Korean King gave up control over Korea
In 1910 Japan annexed Korea and brought it under harsh control Pre and Post Assessment
1.A policy in which a powerful nation tries to govern and control other countries through their trade, politics, government etc. is referred as?
2.The British rule over India from 1757-1947 was referred to as?
3.What rebellion or mutiny in India resulted from Hindu and Muslim Soldiers refusing cartridges that were sealed with pork and beef fat?
4.What era in Japan’s history helped to modernize Japan and was ruled by Emperor Mutsuhito?
5.What was the 18th century rebellion that called for ending outside influence in China?