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Urban Agriculture

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Shannon King

on 18 April 2014

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Transcript of Urban Agriculture

Urban Agriculture:
Growing a Sustainable Future

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
What is Urban Farming?
Havana, Cuba
Goal

A myriad of programs have taken root in the city, with both social and economic initiatives
Greening of Detroit
Neighbors Building Brightmoor
RecoveryPark
Hantz Farms
New York City
2
Manifestations of Urban farming in the city
Very new industry with a lot of potential
Community Gardens
Urban communities with farms are closer, more active, and have increased access to affordable, healthy food.
This is especially helpful to low income areas, which often have abandoned lots nearby that can be transformed into attractive green spaces for community involvement
Current state of Urban Agriculture in NYC
Developing Commercial Industry
What we need next:
Policy
Funding
Awareness & Support
Fostering community growth and relationships
Benefits:
In the past, Cuba was known as a major exporter of sugar, coffee and tobacco
They imported goods from the Soviet Union, such as petroleum, that they used for fueling tractors and making pesticides and fertilizers for their crops
But, in 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed leaving Cuba without petroleum and the ability to produce food
History
What happened?
The population began urban farming
In 1994, The Urban Agriculture Department implemented new aspects that allowed for urban farming to persist and prosper:
Urban Agriculture In Atlanta
The Start of Urban Agriculture in
Atlanta
Community Gardens around NYC
legalization of public land use for producing food
trained agents to help educate individuals on urban farming
created seed houses
direct-sale farmers markets
Cuba Now
Since 2007 Urban Agriculture efforts have steadily grown in Atlanta
The efforts actually started as a response to the poor scores that Atlanta earned on its Sustainability Report
Atlanta Created the office of sustainability which is responsible for implementing urban agriculture projects throughout the city
In order to allow the benefits to fully blossom into their full potential, we must encourage policy-makers to become more involved in its promotion and regulation
Urban agriculture can ultimately act as a bridge to carry cities towards a more sustainable future
The city of Havana now has over 8,000 gardens
Benefits
Over 700 food-producing urban farms and gardens spanning all 5 boroughs
Individuals who work in urban gardens as laborers make 3 times more than before
Standard of living has improved
Healthier population
Increased life expectancy (77 years)
Increased literacy rate
New jobs
Initial Projects in the City
The challenge with regard to policy is creating specific programs and goals to increase incentives and stimulate urban farming
The city has very few limitations in place. Beekeeping, for example, is legal here.
Global Food Network declared Cuba the only country in the World with both a reasonable standard of living AND a sustainable ecological footprint
In 2009 the Office of Sustainability published their first sustainability report called: "The Power to Change"
The report had a plan created to popularize urban agriculture in Atlanta
It promoted projects such as: local food initiatives, farmers' markets, and community garden ordinances
the plan also prompted the city to build community gardens in all city parks
Cultivating land for crop production in an urban setting
Why it began
The City And State's Combined Efforts
Traditional agriculture:
Harmful pesticides environmental contamination
Transportation & machinery fossil fuel consumption
Monoculture soil erosion

With increasing demands for food, not sustainable in the long term
The City of Atlanta altered its zoning ordinances and code permits to allow community gardens in residential areas
they also allow the existence of greenhouses in some city districts
as urban agriculture grew the whole state of Georgia got on board!
Georgia proposed the "Georgia Food Freedom Act"
this Act allowed the sale of unprocessed agricultural goods
which means it promoted direct transactions between farmers and consumers
Progress In the City
Several Community Groups within Atlanta have joined the efforts
these groups have built 170 community gardens throughout Atlanta
One of the most remarkable projects completed in Atlanta is the four-acre community garden in the old fourth Ward neighborhood
The garden has 58 raised beds for growing vegetables
It also has a greenhouse, over 150 newly planted trees, and aquaponics
Further Potential:
5,000 acres of land available for farming in NYC, and 14,000 acres of unused roof space
"Del Canteo a Su Mesa!"
"From the Garden to your Table!"
Awareness of Urban Agriculture in NYC as a valid, profitable, and necessary new industry change in reputation
Atlanta's Future In Urban Agriculture
even though Atlanta has seen a large interest in Urban Agriculture the city's full potential is still far from being met
In 2007 the U.S. department of Agriculture reported that Atlanta harvested under 2,000 acres of farmland
there was a whooping 15,557 acres of land available for farming in the county
food accessibility also needs drastic improvement to make sure Atlanta's citizens have access to nourishing and healthy food options
Atlanta should substitute community gardens and farmers' markets for the supermarkets that are restricted by Atlanta's zoning codes
Efficient technologies
Profit-driven
Commercially valid
Urban Farming in Detroit
Useless plots of unsightly urban blight, or 30,000 acres of untapped potential with power to transform the city?
Inspiring Social Change
Until April of 2013, rules regarding operating practices were not clearly defined within city limits; instead, Detroit farmers followed regulations set forth by the Michigan Right-to-Farm Act. A newly established ordinance, however, has developed standards that make sense for the urban environment of Detroit.
Regulating the Route to Recovery
Sprouting Change in the Motor City
What exactly can urban agriculture bring to the city of Detroit?
Economic justice for Detroit residents
A source of wholesome, nutritious food
A renewed sense of pride for the Detroit community
BrightFarms finances, designs, builds and operates greenhouse farms at or near supermarkets, cutting time, distance, and cost from the produce supply chain.
Whole Foods and Bell Book restaurant grow their produce on the rooftops of their establishments.
Full transcript