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El Salvador

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Rob Lev

on 29 January 2014

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Transcript of El Salvador


Pre Colonization
The area of Cuscatlan was inhabited by the Nahuat
Indians. Subgroups of the Nahuat traded with each
1524 - Spanish adventurer Pedro de Alvarado discovers Cuscatlan. He calls it El Salvador and tries to concur it.
There is a revolt from the natives.
1540-El Salvador becomes a Spanish colony after the
Nahuat lost the revolt.

1823- El Salvador brakes free from Spain and becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America.
Economy: The rich got more money from exploiting and the poor didn't get any money.
Politics: There was a civil war soon after the
forming of the Union.
Culture: One faction allied with the UPCA and one allied with the Roman Catholic clergy.
El Salvador A Case Study
Peasant Uprising

Sites Used








El S

1840 - El Salvador becomes an independent
country after the civil war and dissolution of
the United Provinces of Central America.
Rise To Power
1961 - Right-wing National Conciliation Party (PCN) comes to power after a military coup.
Football War
1969 - El Salvador fights the football
or soccer war with Honduras it only
lasts a few days. Thousands of people
are displaced from their homes.

1931 - 30,000 people are killed during the
suppression of a peasant uprising led by
Agustine Farabundo Marti


Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8%

Ethnic Groups
mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1% .

Much of the population lives on a dollar a day
34,000 people have HIV or AIDS
4 % the children in the country child laborers
El Salavdor has the used US dollar as their official currency since 2000. Before they used the colón.
El Salvador is marked by extreme differences in income, she found. While 700,000 families--3.5 million of the country's 5 million people--live on $1 a day or less, 518 families earn $10,000 a month or more.
They trade coffee, cotton, fishing, indigo and sugar
known as the Land of Volcanoes; frequent and sometimes destructive earthquakes and volcanic activity; extremely susceptible to hurricanes leaves El Salvador in constant insecurity
(The Savior)
1991 - FMLN recognised as political party; government and FMLN sign UN-sponsored peace accord.
1980 - The FMLN was formed in 1980 with the goal to overthrow the military dictatorship and replace it with a Communist government.

1981 - The FMLN is recognized as legitimate political force; El Salvadoran army continues to back right-wing death squads. The death squads are know for killing thousands of peasants and activists, including Archbishop Oscar Romero. This was being funded by the FMLN and other right-wing business men.

They are a a Presidential Republic
Mauricio Funes is the current President who was democratically elected on June 1, 2009
Two Main Political Parties:
Republic of El Salvador
Christian Democratic Party El Salvador
1930 - The global depression of the 1930’s pushed El Salvador into a depression. Coffee prices dropped to one-third of previous levels. Coffee rotted in the fields, while rural unemployment skyrocketed.
The Salvadoran Civil War (1979–1992) was a conflict between the military-led government of El Salvador and the FMLN political party and groups of five left-wing guerrilla groups. Also around 30,000 people are killed by army-backed right-wing death squads.
Civil War

MS-13 Gang
70,000 Members
Illegal activities include drug trafficking, robbery, Larceny, human trafficking, extortion, illegal immigration, murder, prostitution, racketeering, battery, kidnapping, arms trafficking, and child prostitution.
Rivals with the 18th street gang

18th Street Gang
75,000 members
Drug trafficking, assault, arson, robbery, kidnapping, pandering, money laundering, extortion, arms trafficking, human trafficking, theft, murder, racketeering, illegal immigration, illegal gambling, identity document forgery and fraud
These Gangs were formed by young Salvadorian Citizens leaving EL salvador because of the civil war. These Salvadorians did not have any money. y lived in poor parts of Los Angeles and were beaten up by other gangs so the Salvadorian citizens formed their own gang.
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