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Graphic Design Timeline
Transcript of Graphic Design Timeline
1488 A.D. - 2013 A.D.
Warhol started his career in the early 1950's. He is well known for his colorful pop art and paintings. He created graphics for Lifesavers, Perrier, Campbell Soup, Coca-A-Cola, and many more.
Woodcut printing became popular in Europe beginning in 1488. Woodcuts were used in printing to illustrate the pages of fairy tales, educational aids, and religious works.
Heavenly craft: The woodcut in early printed books. (n.d.). In Library Of Congress. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/heavenlycraft/heavenly-15th.html
Hart Macbean, L. (2000). Four seasons of mary azarian. (1st ed., p. 107). Jaffrey, New Hampshire : David R. Godine, Publisher, Inc. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books
Baldung , H. (Artist). (1510). Scene of Witchcraft [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/41.1.201
Ives, Colta. "Lithography in the Nineteenth Century". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/lith/hd_lith.htm (October 2004)
Ambrose, G., & Harris, P. (2006). The visual dictionary of graphic design. (p. 154). Switzerland: Ava Publishing SA. Retrieved from http://ce.safaribooksonline.com
"Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: Moulin Rouge: La Goulue" (32.88.12) In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History . New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/32.88.12. (October 2006)
Eskilson, S. (2007). Graphic design: A new history . (1st ed., p. 116). New Haven, Connecticut : Laurence King Publishing. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books
Paul rand. (n.d.). Rochester Institute of Graphic Design. Retrieved from http://library.rit.edu/gda/designer/paul-rand
Arnell, P. (Photographer). Paul Rand [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.paul-rand.com
Argent, P. (n.d.). Milton Glaser. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/interior.aspx?pageid=10631&id=11086
Livingston, M. (2009). Andy Warhol. Retrieved from http://www.moma.org/collection/artist.php?artist_id=6246
Wood, S. (Photographer). (1981). [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/04/23/entertainment-us-andywarhol-idUSBRE93M18W20130423
Milton Glaser: his heart was in the right place. (2011, February). Retrieved from The Telegraph http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/art-features/8303867/Milton-Glaser-his-heart-was-in-the-right-place.html
Rand, P. (Designer). (1956). IBM [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.phaidon.com/agenda/graphic-design/articles/2012/november/13/paul-rands-greatest-hits/
Bouabana, S., & Sperandio Tillman, A. (2010). Hall of femmes: Ruth ansel. (p. 72). Oster Press. Retrieved from http://halloffemmes.com/hof_books/ruth-ansel/
Ansel, R. (2010). Retrieved from http://www.ruthansel.com
Metzner, S. (Photographer). “The Visionary” [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.carolkino.com/docs/Ruth Ansel.pdf
AIGA. (n.d.). Paula Scher. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/medalist-paulascher/
Essmaker, R. & Essmaker, T. (2013, November 19). The great discontent: Paula scher. The Great Discontent, (110), Retrieved from http://thegreatdiscontent.com/paula-scher
Kennedy, D. (Photographer). (1980). Paula Scher [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://halloffemmes.com/category/paula-scher/
Glaser, M. (Designer). (1977). I Heart New York [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/art-features/8303867/Milton-Glaser-his-heart-was-in-the-right-place.html
Warhol, A. (Artist). (1983). Perrier © Christie's Images / The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, Inc. Retreived from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/austin-considine/andy-warhol-master-ad-man_b_3479485.html
Madere, J. (Photographer). Stefan Sagmeister [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/medalist-stefan-sagmeister/
Heller, S. (n.d.). Stefan sagmeister. Retrieved from Madere, J. (Photographer). Stefan Sagmeister [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/medalist-stefan-sagmeister/
Ji, S. (n.d.). Apple macintosh 1984. Retrieved from http://www.behance.net/gallery/APPLE-MACINTOSH-1984-POSTER/3353231
The most iconic designs of the last 100 years [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/2013/06/28/tech/gallery/industrial-design-icons/index.html
The history of photoshop. (2005, December 13). In Creative Bloq Retrieved from http://www.creativebloq.com/adobe/history-photoshop-12052724
Photoshop 1.0 and floppy disc [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.photoshopnews.com/feature-stories/photoshop-profile-thomas-john-knoll-10/
Heller, S. (2011, September 9). Remembering 9/11: Then and now. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/remembering-911-then-and-now/
Casanova, H. (Designer). (2001). WTC peace sign [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/remembering-911-then-and-now/
Niemann, B. (Designer). (2001). 9/11 Memorial Poster [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.aiga.org/remembering-911-then-and-now/
Mak Long, J. (Photographer). (2011). Steve Jobs Tribute Logo [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/steve-jobs-tribute-logo-apple-248221
Santi, M. (Designer). (2013). Tutti Frutti [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from http://www.martinsati.com/imagenesBD/img1366007762456.jpg
Sagmeister entered graphics design in 1991 and specialized in CD covers after 1993. He has designed covers and packaging for The Rolling Stones, Jay - Z, Lou Reed, and Ok Go. He currently owns a design firm in New York.
Milton Glaser was one of the most notable artist in the graphic design industry. Co-founder of Pushpin Studio in 1954, he is well known for his I love NY logo and Bob Dylan shadow poster.
Just as 9/11 impacted America this event and the aftermath impacted the graphic design industry. A gallery was created by the American Institute of Graphic Arts showcasing icons, symbols, and other images in remembrance of the twin towers and the many lives that were lost. This tragedy brought a sense of unity to graphic design.
In February of 1990 Photoshop 1.0 was shipped and became an essential tool for graphic designers. Originally, Photoshop was only made for Mac computers but when 2.5 was released Windows had the ability to use Photoshop as well.
Created by Paul Rand
Discovered by Alois Senefelder, lithography enabled multiple copies of illustrations and printings to be made. In the 1800's color and the use of lithography created ease in printing and the graphics industry.
Ruth began her career in 1961 working for Harper's Bazaar. In 1962, she became a co-art director. She worked for The New York Times in 1974 as art director and afterwards design director for Vanity Fair in 1983.
World War I
World War I impacted graphic design with the use of propaganda. Posters were designed to gain applicants into the military's of countries involved and to manipulate citizens. Graphic design was not considered an art during this period.
Paula started her career by designing the inside of children's books in 1970. She worked for CBS network and has designed for the likes of Target, Walt Disney World, The New York Times, Microsoft, The Daily Show With Jon Stewart, G.Q. and more.
Death of Steve Jobs
The unfortunate death of Steve Jobs inspired many of his fans and supporters in the graphic design industry to create pieces in remembrance of him and his work.
Born in 1914, Paul Rand began his career in 1941. He continued on to teaching graphic design at three colleges including Yale University. Rand designed logos for IBM, UPS, and ABC network among many others.
I Love N.Y.
Designed by Milton Glaser
Scenes of Witchcraft
Moulin Rouge:La Goulue
Red Cross or Iron Cross
A photograph of Ruth Ansel
(John Madere, n.d)
Designed by Andy Warhol
The Apple Macintosh was introduced in 1984 and was designed for graphic processing. It was the first machine to have a graphic user interface which allowed designers the ability to design fonts and manipulate images. Macs are the preferred system for designers even today.
This is a current example of colorful graphic design trends from Spanish designer Martin Santi.