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Wildlife Conservation in AFRICA

Woodland Park Zoo: AIP Biomes of Africa
by

Tracey Byrne

on 23 March 2015

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Transcript of Wildlife Conservation in AFRICA

Wildlife Conservation in AFRICA
Unsustainable Use

Extreme poverty
low levels of health, education, and training
low levels of government support to most needy
rapid population growth
rapid urbanization
political corruption, bureaucratic bloat, and policies that have stifled rural development
deforestation
environmental devastation by extractive industries
Biodiversity loss & Poverty
Unsustainable Fishing Industry
What Next?
Community Based Conservation
trend is toward increasingly human-dominated landscape
larger mammals increasingly restricted to parks and reserves
where humans and wildlife coexist, this will continue to be uneasy
The multibillion-dollar trade in bushmeat is among the most immediate threats...years of poor fish supply coincided with increased hunting in nature reserves and sharp declines in biomass of 41 wildlife species.
Local market data provide evidence of a direct link between fish supply and subsequent bushmeat demand in villages
There is an urgent need to develop cheap protein alternatives to bushmeat and to improve fisheries management to avert extinctions of tropical wildlife
Bushmeat Hunting
Current Issues:
"It is widely accepted that biodiversity loss and poverty are linked problems and that conservation and poverty reduction should be tackled together."

Human-Wildlife Conflict
Poverty
Unsustainable use
Human-wildlife conflict
Inextricably linked
To succeed wildlife conservation policy will have to be a mix;
it is the creative application of the INCLUSIVE philosophy of CBC rather than the CBC programs themselves that will have the most practical value...
protectionism
community involvement
public relations
conservation education
revenue sharing
Wildlife Declines
elephants
rhinos
great apes
big cats
wild dogs
birds
forest
marine & coastal
wetlands
mangroves
wildlife
habitat
Extractive Industries*
*wreaking havoc on the environment
fracking
mining
bushmeat
ivory
rhino poaching
climate change
seals
oil exploration
fish are being exported while local people are starving
locals end up eating fish bones and bushmeat to subsist
Conservation Action Assessment
Community Based Conservation
The human-wildlife conflict has important consequences for local populations:
food security
safety and well-being
micro & macro economy
wildlife conservation
The goal is to enable coexistence and sharing of resources, this is achieved best by:
finding a balance between conservation priorities and needs of the people
increasing tolerance levels of local communities for wildlife
adapting the human landscape
Collaboration
Snare Removals
Ecotourism
Freshwater Biomes
Marine Mammals
Cheetahs
Lions
Rhinos

The Oil Curse
Historical evidence in oil producing countries
shows that rather than reducing poverty
and inequality, oil has adverse social and
economic effects and in many cases fuels
conflict. This is known as the "natural resource curse".
We must consider both human & wildlife needs
NGO
Bushmeat Crisis Taskforce
Resources

African Conservation Society http://www.wcs.org/saving-wild-places/africa.aspx

African Wildlife Foundation http://www.awf.org/wildlife-conservation

African Conservation Foundation http://www.africanconservation.org/in-focus

Maps: Anthromes for Education http://ecotope.org/anthromes/education/

Bushmeat Crisis Task Force http://www.bushmeat.org/education_and_awareness/classroom_curriculum_and_teachers_guide

Wildlife Conservation Society/96 Elephants http://www.wcs.org/conservation-challenges.aspx

Jane Goodall Institute http://www.janegoodall.org/chimpanzees/chimpanzees-bushmeat-101

Hackel, J. D. (1999). Community Conservation and the Future of Africa's Wildlife. Conservation Biology. 13(4), 726-734.

Kasisi, R. (2012). Divided We Fall: Rethinking Biodiversity Planning in the Context of Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal Of Sustainable Development, 5-9

Ekolo Ya Bonobo. Friends of Bonobos website: http://www.friendsofbonobos.org/future.htm

Poverty Threatens Extinction http://visual.ly/poverty-threatens-extinction

96 Elephants http://www.96elephants.org/

World Wildlife Fund http://www.wwf.org.uk/how_you_can_help/virunga/#virunga-and-oil

collage map: www.patheos.com

images in collage drawn from the world-wide web, and used for educational purposes only-no copyright infringement intended~thank you!

UN FAO: Human-Wildlife Conflict http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i1048e/i1048e00.htm
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