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Wildlife Conservation in AFRICA
Transcript of Wildlife Conservation in AFRICA
low levels of health, education, and training
low levels of government support to most needy
rapid population growth
political corruption, bureaucratic bloat, and policies that have stifled rural development
environmental devastation by extractive industries
Biodiversity loss & Poverty
Unsustainable Fishing Industry
Community Based Conservation
trend is toward increasingly human-dominated landscape
larger mammals increasingly restricted to parks and reserves
where humans and wildlife coexist, this will continue to be uneasy
The multibillion-dollar trade in bushmeat is among the most immediate threats...years of poor fish supply coincided with increased hunting in nature reserves and sharp declines in biomass of 41 wildlife species.
Local market data provide evidence of a direct link between fish supply and subsequent bushmeat demand in villages
There is an urgent need to develop cheap protein alternatives to bushmeat and to improve fisheries management to avert extinctions of tropical wildlife
"It is widely accepted that biodiversity loss and poverty are linked problems and that conservation and poverty reduction should be tackled together."
To succeed wildlife conservation policy will have to be a mix;
it is the creative application of the INCLUSIVE philosophy of CBC rather than the CBC programs themselves that will have the most practical value...
marine & coastal
*wreaking havoc on the environment
fish are being exported while local people are starving
locals end up eating fish bones and bushmeat to subsist
Conservation Action Assessment
Community Based Conservation
The human-wildlife conflict has important consequences for local populations:
safety and well-being
micro & macro economy
The goal is to enable coexistence and sharing of resources, this is achieved best by:
finding a balance between conservation priorities and needs of the people
increasing tolerance levels of local communities for wildlife
adapting the human landscape
The Oil Curse
Historical evidence in oil producing countries
shows that rather than reducing poverty
and inequality, oil has adverse social and
economic effects and in many cases fuels
conflict. This is known as the "natural resource curse".
We must consider both human & wildlife needs
Bushmeat Crisis Taskforce
African Conservation Society http://www.wcs.org/saving-wild-places/africa.aspx
African Wildlife Foundation http://www.awf.org/wildlife-conservation
African Conservation Foundation http://www.africanconservation.org/in-focus
Maps: Anthromes for Education http://ecotope.org/anthromes/education/
Bushmeat Crisis Task Force http://www.bushmeat.org/education_and_awareness/classroom_curriculum_and_teachers_guide
Wildlife Conservation Society/96 Elephants http://www.wcs.org/conservation-challenges.aspx
Jane Goodall Institute http://www.janegoodall.org/chimpanzees/chimpanzees-bushmeat-101
Hackel, J. D. (1999). Community Conservation and the Future of Africa's Wildlife. Conservation Biology. 13(4), 726-734.
Kasisi, R. (2012). Divided We Fall: Rethinking Biodiversity Planning in the Context of Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal Of Sustainable Development, 5-9
Ekolo Ya Bonobo. Friends of Bonobos website: http://www.friendsofbonobos.org/future.htm
Poverty Threatens Extinction http://visual.ly/poverty-threatens-extinction
96 Elephants http://www.96elephants.org/
World Wildlife Fund http://www.wwf.org.uk/how_you_can_help/virunga/#virunga-and-oil
collage map: www.patheos.com
images in collage drawn from the world-wide web, and used for educational purposes only-no copyright infringement intended~thank you!
UN FAO: Human-Wildlife Conflict http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/i1048e/i1048e00.htm