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World War II

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Brian Roberts

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of World War II

World War II
Reoccupation of the Rhineland
March 7, 1936:
Hitler commanded German forces to enter the Rhineland
The Treaty of Versailles forbade this; it was to be a 'demilitarized' zone
"If France had then marched into the Rhineland, we would have had to withdraw with our tails between our legs." -Hitler
France was too busy with its own political crisis to stop Hitler, Britain did not think it was a big deal
Hitler realizes he could do almost anything and count on France to do nothing
Nothing separated Germany and France now
Pearl Harbor
Tension had been building up for the past decade between USA and Japan
Japan's expansion in Manchuria and mainland China
U.S. stopped shipment of airplanes, parts, machine tools, plane fuel, and oil to Japan
December 7, 1941:
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor
Why?
So Japan could advance on the Dutch Indies and Malay without the Americans interfering
Because of this...
USA joined the war, something it was desperately trying to avoid
A naval base on a Hawaiian Island, USA
The Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
August 6, 1945:
Atomic bomb “Little Boy” is dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
3 days later...
August 9, 1945:
Another atomic bomb, "Fat Man", is dropped on Nagasaki, Japan
Why?
Too many American lives were being lost in the Pacific theater and the U.S. wanted to end the war quickly
The Yalta Conference
February 4-11, 1945: Stalin, Churchill, and FDR met in the Yalta in the Crimea to discuss Europe's post-war reorganization
At this time:
Germany was close to defeat. British and American troops were advancing east and Russia’s Red Army advancing west, closing in on Berlin.
Decisions made were:
Free elections would be held in Eastern Europe
To form a United Nations organization
Divide Germany amongst the Allies
The Partition of Germany
After the Yalta Conference and defeat of Germany, it was divided in two
The two parts were:
West Germany:
A parliamentary democracy
A NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) member
Founding member of the EU (European Union)
AND one of the world’s largest economies
East Germany:
Soviet ally
Communist government
Lasted until...
1990: East Germany's communist government collapsed
Alliances
There were two groups of countries against each other- the Allied and Axis Powers
Axis
Allies
Major countries:
Germany
Italy
Japan
Italy re-joined Germany after WW2 started
Allies again chose appeasement encouraging Hitler to continue his expansionism
Major countries:
Britain
France
Soviet Union
USA
-Britain, France, and the Soviet Union were Allied during the First World War
-The United States joined after the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)
Appeasement: Giving in to the enemy to keep peace

Expansionism: Expanding the territory or economic influence of a country
The Non-Aggression Pact
To publicly pledge to never attack one another
August 23, 1939:
Stalin and Hitler signed a non-aggression pact
-They agreed to invade and divide the countries of Eastern Europe (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Poland) between them
How?

-Germany was using Russia to get the Polish corridor back (land it lost to Poland because of the Treaty of Versailles) so it could easily invade Russia
The pact led to...
The invasion of Poland by Germany
And THIS led to...
Britain and France finally declare war against Germany
THIS starts World War 2
Blitzkrieg
Blitzkrieg: German for "lighting war"
After WW1 and its trench warfare and stalemates, Hitler wanted something that was quick, surprising, and guaranteed a victory
1939: First try was with Poland, attacking without warning and barely giving the Polish time to react
Poland fell
This is where WW2 really starts
Winter of 1942-43
Germans defeated the Russian army all the way to Moscow but lost after that because of Russia’s massive size and freezing weather
1940: Invasion of France
France falls quickly
Sept 2, 1945
Japan surrenders
The aftermath of the attack on Pearl Harbor
Atomic bomb #1: Little Boy
Hiroshima aftermath
Atomic bomb #2: "Fat Man"
Nagasaki's bomb cloud
From left to right:
Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin
German troops marching into the Rhineland
Stalingrad
D-Day
Rescue at Dunkirk
the evacuation of British and Allied forces in Europe from May 24 to June 4 1940
Turning point-First substantial German land defeat
combined casualties-nearly 2 million
Largest amphibious invasion of all time
over 175,000 troops landed on the coast of France on June 6, 1944
Decisive Allied victory
Island Hopping
Battle of the Coral Sea
introduced a new kind of naval warfare using only airplanes; stopped Japanese expansion southward
Battle of Guadalcanal
U.S. Marines seized Japanese airfield and fought on land and sea for control of the island of Guadalcanal
The most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign
Between June 4-7 1942, American carrier planes defeated Japanese fleet poised to attack Midway Island, a key American airfield
Battle of Midway
What is island hopping?

Island hopping was a strategy in the Pacific Theater where selected islands were secured by allied forces. Usually these islands would have some strategic value which helped to move the fight closer to Japan. It helped shortened the distance to Japan and establish forward land bases for supply purposes
The Holocaust
Hitler's final solution
Hitler claimed that Jews were the reason Germany lost World War I.
The systematic slaughter of not only 6 million Jews but also 5 million others, approximately 11 million individuals wiped off the Earth by the Nazi regime and its collaborators
Between 1942 and 1944 Germans decided to eliminate the ghettos and deport the ghetto populations to "extermination camps"
Full transcript