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Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Transcript of Eastern Orthodox Christianity
3rd Period Spread of Religion Recognized ? Eastern Orthodox Christianity Today Consequences of change Key Events Leading to Change Originally Practiced Turning Points There was more than one key turning point to the religion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity. In 1054, the Eastern Orthodox Church was officially separated from the Roman Catholic church with the schism. During the years between 600CE and 1100CE, Eastern Orthodox Christianity spread to many surrounding areas. When looking a the Eastern Orthodox religion today, I believe the founder, Jesus, would recognize Eastern Orthodox as a branch of Christianity as many original practices, traditions, and beliefs are kept.
Although the religion would be recognized, I doubt it is the way it was intended. It was intended as a part of the body of Christianity, not its separate religion. The religion today retains most of the beliefs, practices, and traditions as originally founded. Bibliography "Eastern Orthodox Church Beliefs AndÂ Practices."
About.com Christianity. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Nov. 2012. <http://christianity.about.com/od/easternorthodoxy/a/orthodoxbeliefs.htm>. "Eastern Orthodox Church." Eastern Orthodox Church. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2012. <http://www.philtar.ac.uk/encyclopedia/christ/east/eastorth.html>. "Eastern Orthodoxy." Eastern Orthodox Christianity. N.p., n.d.
Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://www.religionfacts.com/christianity/denominations/orthodoxy.htm>. Key decisions leading to change The patriarch of Constantinople, Micheal Cerularius, did not let Rome have any authority over the eastern church. This led up to the split between the two churches. Key Beliefs The religion spread from Constantinople to Greece, Russia and other parts of Eastern Europe. This decision to not let Rome take authority led to differences in theology as Eastern Orthodox Christians took on a mindset of philosophy, ideology, and mysticism (mystic in nature). The decision to be separate led to the change in spiritual truth was approached. Eastern Orthodoxy started to place less emphasis on their exact definition, and started to believe that truth must be personally experienced. With the split into two separate churches, followers of Christianity were impacted. People of Greece, Russia, and other areas of Eastern Europe that practiced Christianity surrounded the Eastern Orthodox Church. This led to a cultural exchange as these surrounding areas incorporated eastern orthodox beliefs into their own Christian beliefs. In 800CE, the pope crowned Charles the Great as the Holy Roman Empire. This is not confirmed with Byzantine. This event helps the division of branches of the religion of Christianity. These key events led to a change in how Eastern Orthodox viewed the practice of "Sola Scriptura". Orthodoxy argued that the Holy Scriptures and Holy Tradition are equally important. This changed the practices of those following or impacted by the religion. Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism were once branches of the same body with similar beliefs and practices. The religious matter of the nature of the Holy Spirit, the use of icons in worship, the correct date of the celebration of Eastern, and cultural changes began with the schism. As the slow process of separation between the two branches began, Eastern Orthodoxy changed many of its practices as it became its own religion. With the fall of the Byzantine Empire in 1453CE, the Ottoman Turks gained control of the Eastern Orthodox Church. In 1700CE, Peter the Great turned the independent Eastern Orthodox Church into a government department. Worship is considered the center of church life. Religious rituals deal with veneration of icons and mystical form of prayer. Practice Baptism by full immersion. Practice the veneration of icons with reverence directed towards the represented persons, not the relics. Fast for a varying number of days each year for spiritual purposes. Practices centered around Authority of Scripture, Baptism, Eucharist, Holy Spirit, Jesus Christ, Mary, Predestination, Saints And Icons, Salvation, and The Trinity . Almsgiving: Charitable donations of material resources to those in need. Holy Communion is given to Orthodox Christians that have been baptized or christmated and have prepared by fasting, prayer, and confession. Practice Chrismation, which is a person's participation in the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. Believe in the equal values of the Holy Scripture and Holy Tradition. Believe that baptism is the initiator of the salvation experience (deliverance from sin). Believe that during the practice of Eucharist (partake of the body and blood of Jesus Christ) believers receive the life and strength of Christ. Believe the Holy Spirit is one of the persons of Trinity. The Holy Spirit is in essence with the Father. The Trinity is the belief that God is one being composed of three distant people (Father, son, Holy Spirit). Believe that the three peoples of the Trinity are divine, distinct, and equal. Believe Salvation is a life long process where Christians resemble Christ more and more. Jesus Christ is looked at as the second person of the Trinity. Believe that Christ gives the holy spirit as a gift of the church to impart spiritual gifts for the Christian life and witness. Believe He died on the cross as man’s Savior and will return to judge all men. Believe Mary has supreme grace and highly honored (Immaculate Conception). Believe in God having foreknowledge of man’s destiny (does not predestine). www2.fulton.k12.ga.us/.../Timeline%20Eastern%20Orthodoxy%20CUT.ppt · PPT file "The Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church and The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese Of America â Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America." The Greek (Eastern) Orthodox Church and The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese Of America â Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2012. Eastern Orthodox Church." Eastern Orthodox Church. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2012. It is different in the fact that it has become its own religion, and not just a branch of Christianity that it was.
As time progresses the gap between Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholicism becomes more prevalent. Today, Eastern Orthodox exists as the second largest Christian communion with 225 to 300 million members worldwide. As Eastern Orthodoxy spread, not much of the religious practices and beliefs were changed, but instead incorporated into the daily beliefs and practices of other cultures. Eastern Orthodoxy was adopted by many Christian followers at this time greatly increasing the number of members. The change of becoming detached from Roman Catholicism and in constant conflict brought the consequence of weakening strength. The arguments to certain topics reflecting the practice of the religion have appeared to lessen the powers of the church and religion. In 1453 after the Ottoman Turks sacked Constantinople (the center of Eastern Orthodoxy), the control of the the Eastern Orthodox church shifted frequently. Notes
•988 – Vladimir, who was the prince of Kiev, takes an interest in EO Christianity and Russia follows
•Resulted as a dispute between Greek speaking eastern churches and Latin speaking western churches on the topic of doctrine and ecclesiastical authority
•In the eleventh century tensions grew over the authority of the Roman church.
•The patriarch of Constantinople refused Rome to have any authority over the eastern church
•With the collapse of the Byzantine empire, the eastern orthodox church lay in the hands of ottoman turks
•A series of independent churches formed in eastern Europe
• Authority of Scripture, Baptism, Eucharist, Holy Spirit, Jesus Christ, Mary, Predestination, Saints And Icons, Salvation, The Trinity
•Philosophical, abstract, and mystical in thinking
•Holy tradition of equal value and importance
•Believe baptism is the initiator of the salvation experience
•Believe that during the Eucharist believers mystically part in Christ’s body and clood receiving the life and strength from Christ
•The Eucharist is the center of worship in the above practice
• Believe in the holy spirit being one of the Trinity
•The holy spirit proceeds the father and is in essence with him
•Christ gives the holy spirit as a gift of the church to impart spiritual gifts for the Christian life and witness
•Jesus Christ is looked at as the second person of the trinity
•He died on the cross as man’s Savior and will return to judge all men
•Believe Mary has supreme grace and highly honored (Immaculate Conception)
•Believe in God having foreknowledge of man’s destiny (does not predestine)
•Practice veneration of icons; reverence is directed toward the person the y represent and not the relics themselves.
This is a picture of an Orthodox Cathedral in
Sameba, Georgia. This is a picture of an Orthodox Cathedral in Khabarovsk. Art introduced into the religion. Micheal Cerularius Peter the Great Charles the Great