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Integration into the Spanish Empire

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Sofia Morales

on 14 August 2014

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Transcript of Integration into the Spanish Empire

prior to spain's colonization pf the philippines, the country was a mere geographical expression. It consisted of independent and self governing barangays, people by diverse tribes. It is spain that gave the country It's identity =Zalde 1994= . the country came to be known as philippines due o spain's three centuries of colonial administration.
With the conquest of manila, Spain's colonizatio of the philppines was completed. The spanish crown started converting the filipinos into the little brown spaniards. This chapter focuses on the integration of the philippines into the spanish empire and the social, cultural, and educational transformations brought about by Integration.
Audienca Real, the supreme court and the lower courts during those times.

Las Reyes de Indias
Las Leyes de Toro
Siete Partidas
La Novisema Recopilacion

LOCAL GOVERNMENT- namely, provinces, towns; cities, and barrios. Each provinces was headed by an alcalde mayor or provincial governor, who exercised executive and judicial functions. alcaldias or provinces were divided into towns or Pueblos. it was headed by a Gobernadorcillio or town mayor. he was elected by all married males. his principal responsibility was tax election.
The Supremacy of the friars
the friars was the supervising representative of the spanish government for all local affairs. their approval was required in celsus list, tax lists, list of army conscripts and register of births, deaths and marriages.
Administrative Organization
Before the 19th Century, the Philippines ws governed indirectly by the spanish crown through the Consejo de las Indias or council of the indies.
THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT- the government national, appointed by the spanish monarch, was the head of the spanish colonial government in the country.
the chief executive of the colonial government, he was an ex-officio president of the Audencia real or royal audencia, the supreme court in the phil. during those times, considering that there was no law-making body in the country then, the governor-general had legislative powers.

Integration into the Spanish Empire
the Friars became so powerful and influential that even civil authorities feared them. This situation was that Graciano lopez Jaena termed as frailocracia. Spain tightened her control over the country through the friars for fear of losing the Philippines.

Weakness of spanish Colonial Administration
Spanish Colonial administration was corrupt and inefficient. the spanish crown instituted the recidencia, the trial of an outgoing governor general to account for his acts during his tenure of office and the vistador or investigating officer to probe on the complaints againts the governor-general, he was not able to resist corruption for his personal advantage.

another source of weakness and abuse the spanish government was widespread selling of lower positions to highest bidders. this situation gave rise to misadministration of governmental affairs, bribery, as well as graft and corruption.

These economic institutions were the following:



the spanish soldiers had to fight off chinese pirates who sometimes came to control manila, notable among them was limahong in 1574, as well as dutch and portuguese forces and muslims. The Japanese under the leadership of Hideyoshi, claimed control of the country. for a time spain paid tribute to secure their trading routes and protect Jesuit missionaries in Japan. The Most serious Challenge to spanish rule happened in 1761 as the result of spain's involvement in the seven years war. the Brittish invaded the phil. as a result of spain's involvement in the aformentioned conflict {1756-1763}
Admiral Samuel Cornish and general william Draper presented the british demand for the surrender of manila. General draper immediately ordered the attack of manila. british troops immediately occupied the areas of ermita and bagumbayan, which are very close to intramuros, the seat of the spanish colonial government. Brittish cannons destroyed the walls of intramuros facing the luneta on oct.4.1762. fierce fight began in the walled city in the morning of october 5. in order to prevent the ruthless sacrifice of lives, the archbishop surrendered at fort santiago on the same day .
Dawsonne Drake
Archbishop Antonio Manuel Rojo
Simon De Anda
TREATY OF PARIS of 1763 ended the war. This treaty restored manila to spain in 1764.
Phil. was opened to the outside world by the british conquerors. the filipinos were permitted to trade directly with merchants from china, india and nearby countries.
after the abolition of the manila-acapulco trade, spain initiated programs geared towards promoting the economic development of the philippines. 18th Century Spanish Rule.

Development of Agriculture
Organization of the economic society of friends of the country.
The Tobacco Monopoly
The Royal Company of the Philippines.
The Opening of Manila to foreign Trade
spanish colonization transformed the filipinos socially, culturally and educationaly.

Conversion of the filipinos to Catholicism
Beginnings of feudalistic Society
Hispanization of Filipino Surnames.
Methamorphosis of bahay kubo into bahay na bato.
Indigenization of spanish and chinese cruisine.
Change in the Filipino mode of dressing
Introduction of the spanish language
Celebration of Religious Feasts honoring patron saints.
Introduction of the latin alphabet
Introduction of the art and printing
Apperance of theocratic Literature
Persistence of folk and Colonial Art.
Introduction of Hispanic Music and Western Musical Instruments.

University of Sto. Thomas
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