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Nelson Mandela & Martin Luther King

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jonathan P

on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of Nelson Mandela & Martin Luther King

Nelson Mandela was a well known world leader.
He was born in 1918 in South Africa by the Themu tribe's chief.
He preferred to use non-violence, but was once forced to stop the government without using civil disobedience.
For example, in his Rivonia Trial Speech, he demonstrated his willingness to die in order to achieve his goal of equality to all in South Africa.
In 1944, he joins the ANCYL which stands for African National Congress Youth League.
Nelson Mandela
On December 1994, Mandela published his first book called, Long Walk to Freedom.
Martin Luther King was born in January 1929.
Martin Luther King Jr. was born the son of a baptist minister and a school teacher.
King was assassinated on April 4, 1968
Like Mandela, many people were influenced by King and will also dedicate their lives to another cause.
King announced his "I Have A Dream" speech.
He announced it on August 28, 1963 at the Washington memorial.
King was stabbed and nearly died in 1958.
He was signing books when a disturbed woman stood up to him and claimed that she was trying to hunt him down for five years.
Martin Luther King
Fun Fact
Mandela and many others were sent to prison for life in 1964 for attempting to sabotage the government.
Fun Fact
While the noble people marched to try to free Mandela, they sang a song named Free Mandela that they made up.
Written by: Jonathan P.
With help of:
Nelson Mandela
Martin Luther King
Both
Made by: Jonathan P.
He was originally named Rolihlahla a Xhosa term colloquially meaning "troublemaker".
Colloquially
characteristic of or appropriate to ordinary or familiar conversation rather than formal speech or writing; informal.
He was very determined about making changes in the world.
He needed to end this rule so he helped organize the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
King also preferred to use non violence and was successful at times.
The white government made a rule that if a white person wanted to ride on the bus even though it was full, a black person would have to give up a seat for that person.
Fought against racism and poverty


Some people were so caring and generous that they let other blacks ride in taxis for free.
In 1956, The Supreme Court made bus segregation illegal so the bus boycott was a victory.
The Bus Boycott was a large group of people refusing to ride on buses until they were able to sit wherever they wanted to.
Bus Boycott
James Earl Ray shot King with a strong rifle at the balcony of the Lorraine Motel and killed King.
He convinced many people that segregation and racism was wrong.
All blacks agreed with him and some kind hearted whites actually agreed with him too.
Watch the video of his speech.
With help of: Alan T.
Dedicated to: Jeremy Salgado
Mandela died at an old age of 95 on December 5, 2013.
Many people will carry on his hard work and determination and maybe dedicate their lives as well.
He looked up to his father and wanted to be a Minister as well.
The following year, the president passes the Civil Rights Act making it illegal to discriminate due to skin color or race.
MLK convinced the government that racism was wrong and everyone should be treated equally.
He achieved his goal and helped correct the world.
He achieved many things using civil disobedience.
Mandela joined a society called the ANCYL.
Six years later, he was elected as the president of the ANCYL.
Sadly, the ANC (African National Congress) was banned from South Africa in 1960.
In the same year, King published his first book,
Strive Toward Freedom
.
It described his experience of trying to make everyone free.
MLK won the Nobel peace prize
He won the Nobel peace prize in 1964 and was the youngest person to win it (at age 35).
She pulled out a letter opener and stabbed him in the center of his chest.
Surgeons removed a rib and part of his breastbone and said that if he had just sneezed, he would've drowned in his own blood.
Mandela won the Nobel prize.
He illegally leaves the country.
Mandela illegally leaves the country in January 1962 to garner support for the ANC and train with the military.
He returned to South Africa in August that year and was caught and sent to jail for 5 years.
Used violence against the government
Fought for freedom in South Africa
Was in to jail for about a year in total
Got married 3 times and had 6 kids
Was in jail for about 30 years
Fought for freedom in the USA
Never used violence
Got married once and had a 4 kids
Was elected as president of South Africa and the ANC
He was the president of the southern christian leadership conference
Was assassinated at a young age
Died from natural causes at an old age of 92
On May 1994, Mandela ran for president and was successful.
He was officially the first black president of South Africa.
On December 1993, Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize and shared it with the South Africa President, FW de Klerck.
Many people were outraged about Mandela being imprisoned for life so they marched several times to try and exhort
the government let him go.
The government held back at freeing him until finally, they let him go after 27 long years due to international pressure.
Fun Fact
Won the Nobel Peace prize
Published at least 1 book each
Had famous speeches
Here are some other Links:
https://docs.google.com/a/bristolk12.org/document/d/13LAyiKvjSEDMKv6rNmDY5OE67I2KsC1T1xfN6PLi6Fg/edit
https://docs.google.com/a/bristolk12.org/document/d/1NpSsdrY5VfVtCJ7k5e2D8G10N5SSmlEIL8luhIVyBG8/edit#
https://docs.google.com/a/bristolk12.org/document/d/1wmFJ4FFphX9toXxJj4Kbgkjt3CTd5JGk-E6sfrmb49c/edit
Mandela Quotes:
Mandela/King Report:
Nelson Mandela Info:
https://docs.google.com/a/bristolk12.org/drawings/d/1XsIMfucslDBjqwjoV2gZ6eGyBHiyeJBnbXQHiUaLxnw/edit
http://animal14888.edu.glogster.com/mlk-and-nelson-mandela
Sierra's Glogster:
Sierra's MLK Timeline:
It all began when Rosa Parks refused to give up a seat to a white person
Full transcript