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French and Indian War
Transcript of French and Indian War
Combatants included The War For the French
Wyandot For the English
Iroquois Confederacy Catawba
Cherokee (before 1758) The Native Americans learned during the war how to play the French and English forces against each other and usually played against the English. The British realized the important role the natives played and became more diplomatic. The peak of Native assistance came in 1758 when the British and several Native American groups signed the Treaty of Easton. Thanks to the Native Americans the British could win the war. This victory provided an essential positive effect on the Colonists' morale. The French did not approve of the native style of war so they were less tolerant towards them. The natives stopped helping the French and the British took advantage of this and began cooperating with the natives. During the war the alignment with native forces proved useful for communication. The Iroquois Indians worked as a messenger sending talks from the English to the natives on the west. It gave assistance to the British in exchange for accepted hunting grounds on English colonies. By the end the natives had changed to side with England and proved very resourceful. Both French and British fought against each other through series of battles with the help of their allied Native Americans. The Battle of Necessity – Small forces of Native Americans and French attacked the British while hidden in their surroundings and managed a victory. The Native Americans were trained to use muskets to take down the British. Fort William Henry – The English suffered another lost at Fort William Henry. The French agreed to escort the British soldiers to Fort Edwards, but the French’s Native Americans attacked and killed the British soldiers. Hundreds of British soldiers were kill in the massacre. "The Iroquois Indians became neutral with the British as the British continues to lose battles against the French. As the British won more battles, the Iroquois Indians and other Natives came back to support them. Over one thousand Iroquois warriors accompanied the British in New York" (Santella). Over the course of the war Native Americans killed over thousands of British soldiers and colonists. Positive
Effects Negatives End While the war rages on in North America
violence erupts in Europe starting the Seven year's war. From the years 1755-1757 the English suffered grievous defeats at the hands of the French and their native allies. Including the death of the commander in chief of the English forces in the New World
General Edward Braddock World War The war was devastating and lasted three years longer than the French and Indian war resulting in about 900,000 to 1,400,000 deaths 1756 to 1763 While most of the fighting in Europe continued, in 1760 the war in North America had slowly halted with England claiming major victories. The North American theater of war officially ended with the first Treaty of Paris signed on February 10, 1763 The effects of their help were visible after the war. As the French settled in North America, they began trading with the local Natives. They traded fur, muskets, and ammunition. The French became closer to the Natives and eventually became allies. The French and British began arguing and fighting over land. The French called their Native American allies and took action. The Iroquois chief was Tanaghrisson who began trading and negotiating with the British. The Iroquois became allies with the British and started wars by slaughtering French troops.