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Indian Removal Act / The Trail of Tears
Transcript of Indian Removal Act / The Trail of Tears
It was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson.
Native Americans in the southeastern United States were encouraged to trade their lands for land in the west. Indian Removal Act = Indian Removal Indian Removal catered to the demands of white settlers The act was theoretically voluntary, many Native Americans were coerced, forced, and manipulated ... small President Jackson was a proponent of Indian Removal long before his Presidency Creek Chickasaw Choctaw Cherokee Seminole Within 10 years of the Indian Removal Act, more than 70,000 Indians had moved across the Mississippi Under the Indian Removal Act and similar laws, numerous Native American nations were stripped of their land, heritage, and culture... It was estimated that of 16 000 who started the march, more than 4000 Cherokee (nearly a fifth of the Cherokee population) died as a result of the removal.
The journey was 1200 miles long. "Long time we travel on way to new land. People feel bad when they leave old nation. Women cry and make sad wails. Children cry and make men cry, and all look sad like when friends die, but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much. We bury close by Trail”.
“I fought in the War Between the States and have seen many men shot, but the Cherokee Removal was the cruelest work I ever knew”. They built roads, schools and churches, had a system of representational government, and were farmers.
There were seven Cherokee clans in the trail of tears Bird, Paint, Deer, Blue, wolf, Long hair, Wild Potato.
Oconaluftee Cherokee The rose is white, for the mothers’ tears; it has a gold center, for the gold taken from the Cherokee and seven leaves on each stem for the seven Cherokee clans.
To this day the Cherokee rose grows along the route of the Trail of Tears.
The Legend of the Cherokee Rose Cherokee
Choctaw THE TRAIL OF TEARS
(1830-1838) Indian Removal Act and Trail of Tears 11) How many Cherokees were forced on the Trail of Tears?
D. None. They all came willingly.
E. 17,000 6) Name the 5 civilized tribes.
E. There were no civilized tribes 14) What was most soldiers’ opinion on the Trail of Tears?
A. This is so cool
B.I hate doing this
C. Why are we doing this?
D. They were robots 13) What was a cause of the Cherokee's deaths?
C. Lack of food and water
D. All of Above 12) How many Cherokees died on the Trail of Tears?
E. None 10) Which five states did Native Americans cross during the Trail of Tears?
A. North Carolina, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, Oklahoma
B. S. Carolina, Texas, California, Virginia, New York
C. New York, New Jersey, Maine, Michigan, Indiana
D. North Carolina, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, Tennesee
E. Texas, Flordia, Georgia, N. Carolina, S. Carolina 9) Why did Andrew Jackson want to expand the United States?
A. He had made a bet with Britain
B. He wanted to build a theme park
C. He wanted to build a presidential vacation home
D. He had no good reason
E. The industrial revolution required construction of new factories and manufacturers 8) Where was the Native Americans new territory?
A. Great Plains/present day Oklahoma
E. Florence, Italy 7) What party did Andrew Jackson belong to?
D. Green 5) When was Jackson elected President?
E. He was never president 4) What year was the Indian Removal Act passed?
A. 500 BC
E. 1830 3) What was the Trail of Tears?
A. A journey where all Indians were taken from there homes and forced to walk to a new location.
B. A journey that all single people had to take.
C. A bike path.
D. An old road in Pennsylvania that all the herses took to funerals.
E. Andrew Jackson's driveway. 2) What was the Indian Removal Act?
A. An act to protect the Indians from the Spanish
B. An act to remove all Indians to the great plains or present day Oklahoma
C. An act to send the Indians to France to be servants to Marie Antoinette
D. An act to provide jobs to the Indians
E. None of the Above 1) Who was Andrew Jackson?
A. An Indian
B. A factory owner
C. The President of the United States
D. The Vice President of the United States
E. A soldier Activity…
Superior race theory
Humanist theory Native americans were exiled for 2 different philosophies Most of them were sent to the west, and most of the time by forced marches
Their homes and possessions were despoiled
Georgia militia destroyes cherokee print. How they were affected? Choctaw.
seminolas. Who were the most affected tribes in this expulsion? «...si bien los indios tienen un derecho indiscutible e indiscutido a las tierras que ocupan (...) cabe sin embargo, dudar que las tribus que residen actualmente dentro de las fronteras reconocidas de los Estados Unidos puedan con derecho ser llamadas naciones extranjeras. Es más correcto llamarlas naciones domésticas dependientes (...) La nación cherokee es, pues, una comunidad distinta que ocupa su propio territorio dentro de los límites claramente definidos y en el que las leyes de Georgia no se aplican (...) Las relaciones entre los Estados Unidos y esta nación incumben totalmente al gobierno de los Estados Unidos». Results of Crerokee’s appeal Andrew Jackson