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Copy of Northern Eurasia

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Darrell Hudson

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Northern Eurasia

Northern Eurasia
Russia, Japan, China
Japan experienced 3 major changes
Internal/External Military Conflicts
Political Growth
Expanded Commercial/Cultural Contacts
Japan 1500-1800
Daimyos ruled the country, which was broken into various
castle towns
Included a bureaucracy and army of samurai
Civil War and Korea
Why was there such a breakdown of government bodies?
Why did the central government not take control?
Think about it
The two symbols than showed unity of a national Japanese government
were unable to control due to a lack of political power

This lack of power led to much warfare between the daimyos, which
led to strong warlords who wanted to expand power

Where do you go if you have taken much of the Japanese territory?
Korea had been subordinate to the influence of China

Japan's invasion was too strong to be repelled by Korea and its
Chinese allies

Japan not only took the Korean peninsula, but then went into the
Chinese province of Manchuria

What effect are the Japanese going to have on the Korean
Korean Peninsula
After Japan withdrew forces in 1598, Korea was left
with a scattered ruling class

Nobility taxed so much the royal family treasury
was limited in revenue

Manchurian rebels would strengthen and take over the
Korean Peninsula
They would also take the Chinese capital of Beijing
by 1644
New military government that helped lead to economic integration
Tokugawa Shogunate
High achievement in artisanship and Japanese skills in industry

Merchants became wealthy, and allied themselves with the regional daimyo
1600s/1700s under the
Positives- New military technology such as firearms, armor

New trade was limited, not much in goods was traded

Negatives- Religion was not tolerated by the Japanese elite, who thought it was disruptive
What impact does the new religion have on the Japanese government?

How do you think the Shogunate would react to this injection of culture
by the European nations?

What possible paths could Europeans take due to the reaction of the
Think about it
Economy was growing faster than the population

Shogunate established a system that fostered innovation
Ming and Qing Empires
Ming porcelain had stimulated the commercial development of East Asia

Not all great though; many decades of political weakness and warfare until the Qing Dynasty brings China back to peace
Ming 1500-1644
Natural disasters- cooling change that led to distress and famine

Price inflation- continue issuing of paper money into the economy

Corruption- factory strikes became regular occurrences
The Chinese government could not defend against enemy forces in the North while protecting the coasts of the Southeast

Manchu forces joined with a Ming rebel leader to capture Beijing, then conquered parts of Mongolia and East Asia

Known as the Qing Empire, they adopted Chinese policies
Collapse & Rise
Intellectual prodigy who led the Qing Dynasty until 1722

His reign was marked by expansion, but they feared the Russians as rivals for control of the Asian Pacific Coast

The two signed a treaty to regulate trade and fix a border
Think About It
Why was the treaty so important to
both the Qing and Russians?
Chinese influences on
To Europe
To China
Manufactured goods
Population increased 3x its size to 350 million
More people demanded more land for farming
Increased demand for building materials
Loss of infrastructure
Set the Qing up for a decline
Population/social stress
An empire that would expand across Europe, Asia, and North America
Branch of Slavic people
Princes of Muscovy helped push out the Golden Horde, annexed parts of the Russian state Novgorod
Expansion Across Asia
By 1600, Russians ruled the largest state
in Europe
Rise of the Romanov Dynasty with Mikhail Romanov began a long line of tsars (czars) which would reign until 1917

As the Romanov Dynasty grew, the freedom of peasants fell

Long periods of warfare forced peasants to go into slavery to survive
Russian Politics
Greatest of the Romanov Tsars
implemented changes to integrate Russia into the global exchange and expand power and size
Created a navy
Saw himself as protector of Orthodox Christianity
Peter the Great
Think About It
How would Peter need to balance
his rule between power and the
needs of his people?
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