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Latin American Revolutions

Covers the Revolutions of Latin America

Elizabeth McDowell

on 2 January 2013

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Transcript of Latin American Revolutions

Latin American
Revolutions Understanding the Colonial System Characteristics Class System Mirrors home governments
Strong Catholic influence
Precious metals = primary export
Mining major part of economy Peninsulares Creoles Mulattos Mestizos French Colony
August 1791, 100,000 slaves revolted
Toussaint L'Ouverture
- by 1801 had control of island and freed
January 1, 1804, colony declared an
independent country Revolution in Haiti Led by Creoles
- Often educated in Europe
- Brought back Enlightenment ideas
Napolean conquers Spain
Simon Bolivar, Venezuelan
- led fight for independence in north Simon Bolivar and South American Independence San Martin declared independence
for Argentina in 1816
Continued to fight to free Chile and Peru
Met with Simon Bolivar in Ecuador in
Handed his army over to Bolivar
Unified army won independence in 1824 Freeing the South Began in 1810
- Led by Father Miguel Hidalgo
- Primarily Indian and Mestizo rebels
Original group defeated
- Agustin de Iturbide - Creole Mexican Independence New power in Spain
Creols feared loss of privelage
Iturbide led rebellion
Declared independence in 1821 Continued Central America Declared independence from Spain
and Mexico
Iturbide ignored
- overthrown As Napoleon approached Portugal, royal family escaped to Brazil
Returned to Portugal after Napolean's fall
- King's son, Dom Pedro remained
People signed petition asking Dom Pedro to rule as
independent kingdom Peaceful Independence Monroe Doctrine Issued in 1823
Acknowledged Latin American independence
Declared any European interference in
western hemisphere a threat to American safety
Full transcript