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Age of the Universe

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Greg Volk

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Age of the Universe

The Age of the Universe
1669
Isaac Newton
Spectroscopy
1823
Joseph Fraunhofer
Absorption Lines
1850s
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth.

- Gen 9:13
1842
Astronomy History
1800
Thomas Young
Iron
Hydrogen
Anders Ångström
Gustav Kirchhof
Robert Bunson
And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

- Gen 1:4
Hippolyte Fitzeau
Christian Doppler
Nobel Prize in Physics 2011
for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae
Alexei Filippenko
Brian Schmidt
Adam Riess
Saul Perlmutter
NPA Sagnac Award 2011
for the discovery of intrinsic redshift
Greg Volk
Harold Aspden
Halton Arp
Mahmoud Melehy
I can see how it might be possible for a man to look down upon the earth and be an atheist, but I cannot conceive how he could look up into the heavens and say there is no God.
- Abraham Lincoln
I can see how it might be possible for a man to look down upon the earth and be an atheist, but I cannot conceive how he could look up into the heavens and say there is no God.
- Abraham Lincoln
I can see how it might be possible for a man to look down upon the earth and be an atheist, but I cannot conceive how he could look up into the heavens and say there is no God.
- Abraham Lincoln
The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.
- Psalm 19:1
KNOW
THINK
GOD
The history of astronomy is a history of receding horizons.

- Edwin Hubble
Vesto Slipher
Edwin Hubble
Albert Einstein
Arno Penzias
Robert Wilson
Max Planck
“According to quantum theory, the vacuum contains neither matter nor energy, but it does contain fluctuations, transitions between something and nothing in which potential existence can be transformed into real existence by the addition of energy.”

- M. W. Brown, "New Direction in Physics:
Back in Time”, New York Times (21 Aug 1990).
Werner Heisenberg
Redefine space & time to accommodate light, OR accept space and time and reexamine light?
Atomic Models
History
Challenges
Alternatives
1908
Doppler Effect
Interference
Hubble's Law
1900
The Age of the Universe
1929
1916
1910
1927
1930s
1964
1960s
1968
1974
1976
1990s
1991
Light Spectrum
William Hershel
Johann Wilhelm Ritter
Caroline Hershel
Who was the Galileo of 2011?
Henrietta Swan Leavitt
And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth.

— Isa 51:13
Immanuel Kant
He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.
Emanuel Swedenborg
Cepheid Stars
Black-Body Radiation
Stellar Evolution
General Relativity
Ejnar Hertzsprung
Henry Norris Russell
Quantum Uncertainty
Supernovae
Fritz Zwicky
Walter Baade
Pulsars
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Anthony Hewish
Cosmic Background
Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:

—Ps 104:2
Quantized Redshift
Hawking Radiation
1 lightyear
The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

- Ps 19:7
Halton Arp
Intrinsic Redshift
For me the whole lesson of the Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies was that galaxies are generally ejecting material.

- Halton Arp, Seeing Red (pg 14)
The men were amazed and asked, "What kind of man is this? Even the winds and the waves obey him!"

- Mat 8:27
Emission Lines
Tired light, 1929
Out of the brightness of his presence bolts of lightning blazed forth.

- 2Sam 22:13
William Tifft
Background Radiation
* 365¼ days /year
* 24 hours / day
= 5,880,000,000,000 miles
* 3600 sec / hour
* 1 year
= 186,000 miles /sec
Dark Matter, Fritz Zwicky
Dark Energy, Michael Turner
1998
1933
1966
- Ps 147:4
David Bergman
Bill Lucas
Anthony Peratt
Edgar Allen Poe
THE
BIG
BANG
Wilhelm Wien
John Strutt
Lord Rayleigh
James Jeans
The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.

- Ecc 1:6
Willebrord Snellius
Pierre de Fermat
Who coverest thyself with light as with a garment: who stretchest out the heavens like a curtain:

— Psa 104:2
I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil:
I the LORD do all these things.

— Isa 45:7
Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days...
— Isa 30:26
And the stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be shaken.

— Mark 13:25
Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

- Rom 1:21
Stephen Hawking
Here it is
Supernova, 1931
Dark matter, 1933
Neutron Star, 1934
Standard candle, 1938
By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth?

- Job 38:24
The law of the LORD is perfect,
converting the soul:
the testimony of the LORD is sure,
making wise the simple.

- Psa 19:7
But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

- 2Pet 3:10
For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made...

- Rom 1:20a
Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof...

- Job 38:19
Wilhelm Olbers
James Clerk Maxwell
If the facts don't fit the
theory, change the facts.

- Albert Einstein
Light bending
General Relativity
Expansion
due to gravity
counters gravity
But does gravity govern the universe?
How to Spot Black Holes
Don't emit light
Do produce gravity
electromagnetic
1054
James Chadwick
“Reality is in the observations, not in the electron.”
– Werner Heisenberg, Physics and Philosophy (1958)
Operators
RF
FR
Statistics
“How, in the big-bang cosmology, is the microwave background explained? Despite what supporters of big-bang cosmology claim, it is not explained. The supposed explanation is nothing but an entry in the gardener's catalogue of hypothesis that constitutes the theory. Had observations given 27 Kelvins instead of 2.7 Kelvins for the temperature, then 27 Kelvins would have been entered in the catalogue. Or 0.27 Kelvins. Or anything at all.”

- Fred Hoyle
Perfect Gas Law
PV = nRT
Energy /
Volume
Energy /
Matter
Volume
Amt of
Matter
Const
Darkness
ABC
Light travels
Uncertainty
Cosmic Radiation
Standard candles
Expansion vs. gravity
Cosmological redshift
Intrinsic redshift
Electromagnetism
Epicycles
Black-body?
Physical models
What is light?
Clinton Davisson
Lester Germer
Therefore because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the fire slew those men that took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.

- Dan 3:22
electromagnetic
Electromagnetic Force = 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
* Gravitational Force
Long ago and far away....
And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

- 2Tit 4:4
Swedenbourg
Kant
COBE
Standard Candles?
Pierre-Marie Robitaille
Director
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Research
Ohio State University, 1989-2000
Garbage in
garbage out
Models, Models, Models
Full transcript