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Transcript of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in the small Austrian town of Braunau. His parents were Alois Hitler, who later became a senior customs official, and his wife Klara, who was from a poor peasant family. In primary school, Hitler showed great intellectual potential and was popular amongst his fellow pupils, as well as, admired for his leadership qualities. However, competition in secondary school was tougher and Hitler stopped. As a child, Hitler clashed with his father often. When Hitler's younger brother Edmund died in 1900, he became detached and introverted. He was interested in fine arts, but his father didn't approve and wanted him to study business. Hitler also showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority of Austria-Hungary. This nationalism would become the motivating force of Hitler's life.
At the outbreak of World War I, Hitler applied to serve in the German army. He was accepted in August 1914, though he was still an Austrian citizen. Hitler didn't spend much time in the front lines, but was present in the significant battles and was wounded in October 1918. He was temporary blinded by a British gas shell. While he was in the hospital, Germany surrendered, sending him into a state of depression. In 1919, Hitler attended his first meeting of the German Workers' party, an anti-Semitic, nationalist group as a spy for the German Army. However, he found he agreed with Anton Drexler's German nationalism and anti-Semitism.
Hitler vs. Jack
Hitler is most like Jack than any other character in Lord of the Flies, because, like Jack, Hitler resorted to violence to get the Utopia he wanted. Hitler brutally forced Jews into concentration camps, where they were starved, beaten, and ordered to dig their own graves. Jack is the Lord of the Flies. A name that is the translation of Beelzebub (Satan), a religious figure that symbolizes pure evil. Jack wanted to be the leader, so he turned the boys against Ralph and claimed his spot. Jack prefers a government that revolves around hunting and he seems to enjoy the action of killing living creatures, like how Hitler enjoyed torturing and killing the Jews. They both lead by fear and intimidation. No one wants to stand up to either of them because they fear what would be the consequences. In a way, both Jack and Hitler are dictators, not democrats.
Hitler's father died in 1903, when Hitler was 13, almost 14, year old. At the age of 15, Hitler failed his exams and had to repeat the year, but he dropped out with his mother's consent. He moved to Vienna and worked as a casual laborer and a watercolor painter. Hitler applied to the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts and the School of Architecture, however he was rejected by both. He soon became broke and had to move into a homeless shelter for many years. Hitler later pointed to these years as the time when he first cultivated his interest in politics and the anti-Semitic, nationalist Christian-Socialist party.
Hitler and German Workers' Party
He disagreed with how the German Workers' Party were organized, leading him to make a passionate speech. He quickly cemented his reputation as an engaging orator through his passion about the injustices faced by Germany as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. It soon became clear that people were joining the party just to see Hitler make his speeches, which would leave the audience in a state of near hysteria and
willing to do whatever he suggested
. He quickly rose through the ranks and, by 1921, was the leader of the re-named National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi). With terrible economic conditions and rapid inflation, support for Hitler's party grew. By 1923, the Nazi's had 56,000 members and many more supporters. On November 8th and 9th of 1923, Hitler staged the Nazi Beer Hall Putsch. He hoped to force the Bavarian government to work with the Nazis and march together on Berlin. The attempt failed, but, although Hitler was tried for treason, the judge gave him the very light sentence of a year. While in prison, Hitler wrote 'Mein Kampf', which formulated his political ideas. He reorganized his party on his release from jail, but it was not until the world depression hit Germany that the Nazis were able to attract significant followers. Inspired by the Great Depression, Hitler ran for presidency. In order for his to grow he had to have many supporters, and he did. He had more than 35% of the votes. In the presidential elections of 1932, Hitler came second. On 30 January 1933, President Hindenburg was forced to appoint Hitler as Chancellor, given his popular support.
Hitler was not born evil. He was a normal kid just like us. In fact, he was popular amongst his fellow pupils in primary school. He had problems with his father often, but most kids also have problems with their parents. He became detached and shy
his younger brother passed away, but was interested in art and German nationalism (which, unfortunately, played a part in his future). I don't believe it is in Hitler's nature to be cruel and corrupt. I think after certain events and after meeting people with different views, he became what we know him as today. He was introduced the ideas of nationalism and anti-Semitism by Anton Drexler, a speaker at a meeting for the German Workers' Party (DAP). While attending many of the DAP's meetings and meeting other members of the party, Hitler got many of the ideas that played a part in beginning of the Holocaust. Nature vs. Nurture? Nurture wins in Hitler's case.
Adolf Hitler. n.d. Web. 8 January 2015. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/adolf_hitler>.
Adolf Hitler Biography. n.d. Web. 8 January 2015. <http://www.cloudbiography.com/bios/hitler-adolf.html>.
Adolf Hitler. n.d. Web. 8 January 2015. <http://www.history.co.uk/biographies/adolf-hitler>.
I believe Hitler was a very effective leader, and, even though he was leading a malicious political party, they were extremely successful. While Hitler was a strong leader, he needed others to succeed. Without the other Nazis, the amount of non-Aryan deaths wouldn't have been nearly as much and it would have been easier to take them down. The Nazi Party is one of the most well known political parties around the world. The achievements of Hitler aren't overlooked and are taken very seriously because they caused many people a lot of pain. The Holocaust is one of history's darkest moments and Adolf Hitler is an ugly dent on Germany's crown...a very big one, too.
Adolf Hitler Biography. A&E Television Networks, 2015. Web. 8 January 2015. <http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144#related-video-gallery
Bloom, Harold. William Golding's Lord of the flies. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2004. Print.
Hitler as Chancellor
He used his title to take control. In office, Hitler set about build up his power, appointing Nazis to government and gaining control of emergency powers. He abused the emergency power to eliminate oppositions against him. He controlled the legislative and executive branches of government and wanted to remove groups that opposed his actions, so he did and by July 14, 1933, the Nazi Party was declared the only legal political party in Germany. He also eliminated military opposition in the Night of Long Knives (Operation Hummingbird), an event where the Nazi regime went out and murdered Hitler's political enemies. After eliminating all opposition and Hindenburg's death in 1934, Hitler became head of state, head of government, supreme commander of the armed forces, and was named leader and chancellor of Germany. Hitler began to prepare for war. He withdrew from the League of Nations and announced that their armed forces would expand a large amount. Hitler tried to make Germans pure of any unclean substance by attempting to control their food intake. He started creating laws banning marriage between Jews and non-Jewish people and preventing "non-Aryans" (Jews) from receiving German citizenship. He also tried to eliminate disabled people by putting them in the "euthanasia program", a system that secretly killed the people in it. Approximately 200,000 people died in this program. Later in his rule, he put Jews, Poles, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and trade unionists in concentration and extermination camps to remove them as a form of "natural selection".
Hitler did lead a very successful political party and took huge steps to the finish line; however, he never crossed that line. The Nazi Party never reached their goal: to completely eliminate non-Aryans and create an Aryan race. Germany started to lose the war and the Soviets were pushing his army back and the Allies were charging into Germany. Their infamous leader committed suicide on April 30, 1945 with his wife Eva Braun and Germany surrendered soon after, on May 8, 1945. They are responsible for the deaths of about 40 million people including 6 million Jews.
D-Day and the German Surrender. Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. n.d. Web. 08 January 2015. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/51c.asp>.
Der Führer ("The Leader")
Photo courtesy of
Picture from the USHMM
Courtesy of William O. McWorkman
Adolf Hitler - Mini Biography. Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2015. <http://www.biography.com/people/adolf-hitler-9340144/videos/adolf-hitler-mini-biography-2232485039>.
Photo courtesy of
Picture from USHMM
Courtesy of Richard Freimark