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Kayla Johnson

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Environment

Ecology Connection
A producer is an organism that makes its own food. Producers are also called autotrophs. An example of a producer could be a plant. A producer connects to consumers because consumers eat producers.
An Environment is the surroundings or conditions in which a human, animal, or plant lives or operates. An environment connects to a Biome because both a Biome and an environment are inhabited by plants, animals, and humans. Example: a humans environment would be their house or their bedroom.
A consumer is an organism that gets their energy by eating other organisms. Consumers are also called Heterotrophs. A consumer connects to a producer because consumers eat producers or they eat consumers that eat producers.
Decomposers are detritvores that cause decay and release nutrients back into the environment to be recycled by other organisms. Example: a worm is a decomposer. Decomposers connect to Detritvores because they both do bad things to the environment.
An herbivore is an animal that eats plants or other autotrophs. An herbivore connects to an omnivore because they both eat plants.Example: Giraffes are herbivores.
is the study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with their environment. Ecology connects to succession because they both show how an organism interacts with its environment. Example: deer living in forests. Deer need the forest to hide and be safe and eat grass.
A carnivore is an animal that eats other animals. A carnivore connects to an omnivore because they both eat meat. Example: A lion is a carnivore.
An omnivore is an animal that eats both animals and plants. An omnivore connects to a herbivore because they both eat plants. An omnivore also connects to a carnivore because they both eat meat. Example: bears are omnivores.
A food web is a system of interlocking and interdependent food chains. A food web connects to a food chain because they both show how energy is transferred. Example: the picture above.
Food web
Food chain
A food chain is a pathway of feeding relationships among organisms in an ecosystem that results in energy transfer.A food chain connects to a food web because they both show how energy is transferred. Example: the picture below.
Energy pyramid
An energy pyramid is an ecological representation to show the biomass productivity at each trophic level. An energy pyramid connects to the trophic levels because they both show an organisms position. Example: the picture to the left.
Trophic levels
Trophic levels indicate an organisms position in the transfer of energy. The trophic level connects to the energy level because they both show the amount of energy lost. An example of the trophic levels is the picture below.
An organism is an individual living thing that has cells, uses energy, reproduces, responds, and grows and develops. An organism connects to an omnivore because they both have cells, reproduce, grows and develop, responds, and uses energy. An example of an organism is a dog.
A population is a group of organisms, all of the same species which interbreed and live in the same place at the same time. A population connects to a biological community because they both interbreed. An example of a community would be penguins.
Biological Community
A biological community is a community where all the populations of different species that live in the same place at the same time, interbreed. A biological community connects to a population because they both live in the same place. An example of a biological community could be dogs and wolves.
An ecosystem is populations of plants and animals that interact with each other in a given area, along with the abiotic components (physical and chemical)of that area. (Terrecstrial or aquatic). An ecosystem connects to an environment because both the plants and animals are interacting with each other. An example of an ecosystem could be all the different types of fish and plants living in the ocean.
A biosphere is the broadest, most inclusive level, thin volume of Earth and its atmoshpere that supports life (5 to 6 miles above surface to deepest parts of the ocean). A biosphere connects to an ecosystem because they both support life in the water. An example of a biosphere could be the world.
A biome is the largest geographic biotic unit, a major community of plants and animals with similar life forms and environmental conditions. A biome connects to a biosphere because they both have a major community. An example of a biome is the united states.
A habitat is the natural home of an animal, plant, or other organisms. A habitat connects to a niche because plants and animals live in both of them. An example of a habitat could be your house.

Photosynthesis is when an a plant uses sunlight to synthesize nutrients from carbon dioxide and water. Photosynthesis connects to Cellular respiration because they use the sunlight. An example of photosynthesis is plants absorbing carbon dioxide from humans.
Cellular respiration is the metabolic where certain organisms obtain energy from organic molecules. Cellular respiration connects to photosynthesis because they both use sunlight. An example of cellular respiration could be taking sugar and breaking it down to water and carbon dioxide.
Biotic describes a living or once living organism. Biotic connects to an organism because they are both living. An example of something biotic could be plants or animals or humans or trees.
Abiotic factors are non living chemical and physical factors in the environment. An example of an abiotic factor could be light. An abiotic factor connects to acid rain because they both are not living.
Competition is a relationship in which different individuals or populations attempt to use the same limited resource. Competition connects to invasive species because they both try to use a limited resource. An example of competition could be women fighting over the last pair of shoes.
Climate is the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. An example of climate is a thunderstorm. Climate connects to precipitation because they both are the weather condition of an area.
Transpiration is the passage of gasses through fine tubes because of differences in pressure or temperature. An example of transpiration is if you put a plastic bag over a plant and wait for an hour you will see the water from the plants leaves on the bag.
Run off
Run off is the overflow of water from the surface to a body of water. Run off connects to precipitation because they both flow into the water from the surface. An example of runoff could be when its raining and its flowing into a body of water from the land.
Precipitation is any form of a liquid or solid that falls from the atmosphere and reaches the surface. An example of precipitation could be snow. Precipitation connects to the water cycle because they both have water.
Condensation is water that collects as droplets on a cold surface when humid air is in contact with it. An example of condensation could be dew. Condensation connects to evaporation because they both change to a gas.
Evaporation is the process of becoming a gas. An example of evaporation could be when water sits in a bowl for a long time it slowly disappears. Evaporation connects to condensation because they both change to a gas.
A predator is an animal that naturally preys on other animals. An example of a predator could be a wolf. A predator connects to a carnivore because they both eat meat.
Prey is an animal that is hunted and killed for food. An example of prey could be zebra. Prey connects to a herbivore because they both eat plants.
A host is an animal or plant in which a parasite lives. An example of a host could be a human.
A pollutant is a substance that makes something bad. An example of a pollutant is oil. A pollutant is connected to acid rain because they both do something nasty to our environment.
Acid rain
Acid rain is rainfall made so acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm. An example of acid rain could be when it rains on statues they slowly start to deteriorate.

Biodiversity is the variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable. An example of biodiversity could be marine turtles. Biodiversity connects to a community because they both have a variety of plant and animals.
Carbon Cycle
The carbon cylce is the series of processes by which carbon compounds are interconverted in the environment. An example of the carbon cylce could be fires burning in coal deposits all around the world.
The nitrogen cycle is the series of processes by which nitrogen and its compounds are interconverted in the environment and in living things including nitrogen fixation and decomposition. An example of nitrogen fixation could be when animals die nitrogen is put back in the soil.
The phosphorus cylce is the biogeochemicle cycle that describes the movement of phosphorus. An example of the phosphorus cycle could be plants absorbing phosphorus from the ground. The phosphorus cycle connects to plants because without phosphorus plants wont grow.
Primary Succession
Primary succession is when something like lava comes and all the soil is gone, so the soil has to grow back and that whole place has to start all over again. An example of primary succession could be after a volcano erupts and lava flows onto the land and all the soil gets burned away. Primary succession connects to secondary succession because they both have to star over.
Secondary succession
Secondary succession is when a place has to star over but it doesnt have to grow soil again because there is still good soil. An example of secondary succession could be when there is a forest fire a lot of trees burn down but the soil doesnt burn it stays good. Secondary succession connects to primary succession because they both have to star over.
Predation is the preying of one animal on others. An example of predation could be a lion stalking a zebra. Predation connects to a predator because predators prey on other animals.
Parasitism is the relationship between two organisms where one feeds on the other and one is harmed. An example of parasitism could be humans having a tapeworm. Parasitism connects with commensalism because one organism is helped in the relationship.
Commensalism is a relationship between two organisms where one is helped and the other is neither harmed nor helped. An example of commensalism could be clown fish and an anemone. Commensalism is connected to parasitism because one of the organisms is helped.
Primary producer
A primary producer is a photosynthetically active organism. An example of a primary producer could be grass. A primary producer connects to a producer because they are both plants.
Nitrogen fixation
Nitrogen fixation is the chemical processes by which atmospheric nitrogen is assimilated into organic compounds. An example of nitrogen fixation could be lightning.
Carrying Capacity
Carrying capacity is the maximum population size of the species that an environment can sustain indefinitely. An example of carrying capacity is how much jelly a jar of jelly can hold until its overflowing. Carrying capacity connects to an ecosystem because they both can only hold a certain amount.
A niche is the role an organism or population plays within its community or ecosystem. An example of a niche could be snails shell. A niche is connected to a habitat because they are both where an organism lives.
Biomass is the total quantity or weight of organisms in a given area or volume. An example of biomass could be sewage waste. Biomass connects to a pollutant because they are both nasty things we put into our environment.
Characteristics of life
The characteristics of life are, cells, uses energy, reproduces, grows and develops, and responds to its environment. An example of the characteristics could be a puppy. It starts as a puppy, it responds to its environment, it grows and develops, it uses energy, and it has cells. The characteristics of life connect to any living organisms because they are both alive.
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