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Gear 2: Challenges of Industralization

includes reference to I-T Revolution
by

Eric Toy

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Gear 2: Challenges of Industralization

GEAR 2: CHALLENGES OF INDUSTRALIZATION
AMERICAN INDUSTRIALIZATION
IMPACTS
Reviewing Industry Boom
Why did it happen?
The Industrial Revolution was the
transition to new manufacturing processes
that occurred in the period from about 1860 to some time between 1900 and 1920. This transition included going
from hand production methods to machines and factories that held them...
What was the Industrial Revolution?
1.
New technology in farming
:
Example: Jethro Tull's seed drill
2.
New ideas in farming
:
Examples: crop rotation & the "
enclosure system
"
4.
New technologies
Examples:
James Watt
's steam engine, smelting iron with coal as the energy source
Why did the Industrial Revolution start in America?
1.
natural resources
Examples: coal, iron, rivers, and sea ports
3.
Available work force
Population boom + displaced peasants = migration to cities creating work force for factories
2.
cap·i·tal
/kapitl/ Noun
Money to invest in business opportunities
3.
en·tre·pre·neurs
/än-tr-p(r)-nr/ Noun
A person who organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of a business or enterprise.
1. Urbanization
the movement of people to the cities.
What were the effects of
the Industrial Revolution?
Social Effects
Creation of an Industrial Middle Class (bourgeoisie)
Creation of a Working Class (
proletariat
)
2. Factories become unsafe & unhealthy work places as
entrepreneurs
try to maximize profits
Examples:
no health or safety laws, children and women exploited (lower wages & working conditions)
3. labor unions established
Social Effects

Laissez faire
policies result in no laws to restrict businesses. One result is that wealthy business owners
buy all their competitors and create monopolies. A
monopoly
means no competition.
Political Effects
1.
Utilitarianism

Idea that government should impose some restrictions on business to create a greatest good for the greatest number of people.

Socialism

Idea that the people as a whole, rather than private individuals, should own the means of production (farms, factories, railroads, natural resources, and other sources of wealth in a nation)
Karl Marx wrote
The Communist Manifesto
in 1848 predicting a class struggle in which proletariat would win and create a classless, "communist" society - the ideal end result of socialism.
5.
Harnessing sources of energy
Examples: water power, steam power (created by burning wood, charcoal, or coal)
The world's first industry was the
textile industry
tex·tile
/tekstīl/ Noun
Any type of cloth or woven fabric.

THINK ABOUT IT!
What kinds of things are made from woven cloth or fabric?
What was the world's first industry?
Entrepreneurs
built factories and used machines to replace the
"cottage system"
and the
"putting out system"
that had created textiles previously.
THINK ABOUT IT!
What natural resources does Indiana State have a lot of?
THINK ABOUT IT!
Who do you know that might be an entrepreneur?
THINK ABOUT IT!
Is Bothell mostly bourgeoisie, proletariat, or a mix of both?
THINK ABOUT IT!
What 3+ workers' rights might have been won by labor unions? Hint: One is the 8-hour work day!
THINK ABOUT IT!
What would you experience in a communist country today?
ECHO QUESTION 2 :
MAKING CONNECTIONS

Why has the Industrial Revolution happened in different parts of the world at different times?
From farms to factories - the industrial revolution begins...
Social Effects
The CLOCK becomes IMPORTANT

Factory work meant that people began to live their lives by the clock rather than by the rising and setting of the sun
THINK ABOUT IT!
Can you list 5+ events that require you to be somewhere at a certain time?
THINK ABOUT IT!
What might some results be if one company was the only place where you could buy a specific product?
1.
Laissez faire
policies result in no laws to restrict businesses. One result is that wealthy business owners set up their
factories to maximize profits without regard for safety or the lives of the workers.
In urban areas, factory managers join doctors, lawyers, and small business owners in the bourgeoisie (middle class). Workers aspire to join the industrial middle class through promotions.
The unemployed and underemployed come to the cities for factory jobs and become a new social class - the
proletariat
- the industrial working class.
Examples: miners, mill workers, machinery operators...
Textile Industry before the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution changes the Textile Industry
Charlie Chaplin - "Modern Times"
Refined the abundant coal, iron ore, and oil
Led to industrial growth of railway production
Increased National transportation, trading, and communication networks
Attracted immigrant jobs from China and Europe
For example...
CONSIDER THE RAILOAD
ECONOMIC
SOCIAL
POLITICAL
ENVIRONMENTAL
Awakening to the implications of unsustainable growth and dependence on limited resources
Use of Natural Resources
While this propelled human progress to extraordinary levels, it came at extraordinary costs to our environment, and ultimately to the health of all living things. While coal and other fossil fuels were taken for granted as being inexhaustible, it was American geophysicist M. King Hubbert who predicted in 1949 that the fossil fuel era would be very short-lived and that other energy sources would need to be relied upon.
In what ways has society been negatively impacted by industrialization through your lens?
ECHO Question 1:
COMING TO AMERICA
ECHO QUESTION 3 :
REFLECTION

Based on what you have learned from this prezi about the impacts of the industrial revolution from the other lens, which of the remaining three lens do you believe has the strongest connection to the impacts of your lens, and explain why.
Full transcript