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Modal Verbs in English

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Minjeong Son

on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of Modal Verbs in English

Modal Verbs in English
How many modal verbs are there in English?
One modal - different meanings
One meaning by different modals
Modal Auxiliary Verbs in English
will
would
can
could
shall
should
may
might
must
(ought to)
1. ability:
can/could

2. advice/recommendation:
should, could, can, must (strong advice)
3. certainty/inference:
must


4. probability/possibility:
might, may, can could
5. necessity or obligation:
must, should, ought to
6. offer:
would (you like)..
7. permission:
can, may
9. prediction:
will
10. prohibition:
should not, must not, ought not to
11. promise:
will
12. request:
could, can, will, would


What is this?
What is this?
ability
advice
certainty/inference
probability/possibility
necessity or obligation
offer
permission
prediction
prohibition
promise
request

will
would
can
could
shall
should
may
might
must
ought to
can
ability
possibility
request
permission
Giving advice?

should
could
can
must /will
(strong)




Difference between
skal
and
shall
?
Jeg
skal/må
på jobb.
Du
kan
engelsk!
English?

How are modal verbs different from lexical verbs in terms of their grammatical features?
What are the main usages of the modal verbs?



followed by bare infinitives (e.g.,
He can swim
, not
*
He can to swim
)
No 3rd person inflection (e.g.,
*
He cans swim)
No non-finite forms (e.g.,
*
to can/could
, cf.
Norwegian:
å kunne, å måtte
)
No double modal auxiliaries
(e.g.,
*
he will can work more, cf. Han skal kunne jobbe mer.)


Features of Modals
Study Contrastive Points!
(pp. 140-142, 146-148)
When I arrived at school today, there were papers all over the floor in the hall and the director’s office.
What is Modality?
mandatory
prohibition
obligation
The Usages of Modals

by Minjeong Son (ILP, UiT)
You are in charge of designing the rules for _____ (YOUR OWN CHOICE). They should include what people should do, mustn't do and can do.
Work in pairs.

Activity:Making Rules
Full transcript