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Surrealism Art History

Art in the Dark - Surrealism topic by Andrew and Cassie

andrew van grieken

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Surrealism Art History

Art in the Dark - Surrealism
Andrew and Cassie The surrealist movement shared many of the essentials of Dada, especially the tendency to experiment with automatism, accident, biomorphism and found objects. However, the Surrealists operated within an overall context of political revolution. Many of the Surrealist were communists. The Surrealists also attempted to assimilate the teachings of Freud into their activities in a more systematic fashion than the Dadaists. Surrealism developed out of the Dada activities of World War I and the most important center of the movement was Paris. From the 1920s on, the movement spread around the globe, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film, and music of many countries and languages, as well as political thought and practice, philosophy and social theory. World War I scattered the writers and artists who had been based in Paris, and while away from Paris many involved themselves in the Dada movement, believing that excessive rational thought and bourgeois values had brought the terrifying conflict upon the world. The Dadaists protested with anti-rational anti-art gatherings, performances, writing and art works. After the war, when they returned to Paris, the Dada activities continued. The Persistence of Memory (1931) by Salvador Dalí. Basically, Surrealism attempted to create an absolute or super-reality by broadening the boudaries of everyday reality and logic, in fusing it with instinctual, unconscious and dream experience. In 1924, Andre Breton, chief spokesman and theoretician of the movement, published the first surrealist Manifesto. Breton's definition of Surrealism's "purpose was to resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality into an absolute reality, the surrealite (super-reality)". Dali - The Persistence of Memory
One of Dali's early but most extraordinary works of art. His limp watches seem to foreshadow the work of many contemporary artists, but others saw his works as being disturbing, therefore some never considered it art. Rather is paintings are like pure emotional outbursts, howls and screams of agony and torture. Joan Miro's work is typical of the more abstract style of Surrealist painting. Miro's style swung between two extremes. One was the carefully planned, tightly painted, patterned works such as 'Carnival of Harlequins'. The other was the more loosely painted, "automatic" improvisations such as 'Composition 1925'. Miro's working method in many of these paintings is similar to Arp's in that it involves using an automatic technique to induce spontaneity into his work. Characterists of Surrealism
Element of Surprise Unexpected juxtapositions Non sequitur Surrealism Andrew and Cassie Surrealism is a style and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing subconscious or nonrational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or exploitation of chance effects, unexpected juxtaposition, etc. Interest with the bizarre and the exotic Emphasis on poetic subject matter Surrealism Artisit and Their Works Salvador Dali
The Persistence of Memory
Cannibalism in Autumn
Lobster Telephone Joan Miro
Carnival of Harlequins Rene Magritte
The Human Condition
Time Transfixed
The Listening Chamber
Ce N'est Past Une Pipe Yves Tanguy
Furniture of Time Cannibalism in Autumn
Dali Lobster Telephone
Dali Furniture of Time
Tanguy Ce n'est pas une pipe
Magritte The Human Condition
Magritte Time Transfixed
Magritte END END
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