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The Great Gatsby

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Lena VanCamp

on 16 March 2015

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Transcript of The Great Gatsby

By: F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby
Meet the Author
The Roaring 20s
Life After the War
Movements of the 1920s
Americans were obsessed with materialism
The 19th Amendment
War Brings Change
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
Born September 24, 1896
Died December 21, 1940
Married Zelda Sayre
Namesake and 2nd cousin of the National Anthem author
Influenced by literature, Princeton, Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald, and alcohol
In 1920, This Side of Paradise made him famous overnight; however, by 1923, he had to write short stories to stay out of debt.
Associated with the Jazz Age
The Great Gatsby is Fitzgerald's most famous work
The Great Gatsby is set in the summer of 1922.

In order to better understand this novel, you must first understand what life was like in the 1920s.
After WWI ended, the economy skyrocketed,making it possible for people to spend more time and money on leisure activities.
Prohibition

Fundamentalism vs
Modernism

Prosperity and
Consumerism

Authorized by the passage of the 18th Amendment "which made the production, transport, and sale of alcohol illegal (but not the consumption)"
Saloons were replaced by illegal "speakeasies" serving high proof alcohol
Home-made alcohol, also known as bathtub gin, sometimes resulted in blindness and death.
Gangsters used Prohibition profits to move into prostitution, gambling, and narcotics sales.
Organized crime stepped in, most famously in Chicago, to meet consumers' needs to drink.
There were over 500 murders in Chicago in the 1920s by competing gangs. One of the most famous gang feuds ended in the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
The 18th Amendment was repealed by the 21st Amendment in 1933. It remains the only Amendment to ever have been repealed.
Fundamentalist Christians, stressing literal biblical interpretation, opposed any scientific teaching that cast doubt on the accuracy of scripture
Modernist Christians attempted to adapt religion to the teachings of modern science and a changing world.
By 1927, there were 13 states, both in the North and South that considered some form of anti-evolution law.
The American economy was booming in the early 1920s
Destruction of European economies during WWI left the U.S. as the only major industrial nation.
Technology allowed for expansion, particularly in the auto industry
Radio and motion picture industries grew as a result of technological innovations
Cheap, readily available energy sources, such as coal and oil, made expansion affordable
The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex.
Before the 1920s, women were thought to be helpless and weaker than their male counterparts.
WWI forced women to step in to fill positions vacated by men
Once women enjoyed their new found freedoms, they did not want to go back to traditional gender roles.
The Flapper was a young, independent, cigarette smoking, and illegal liquor drinking woman.
In fact, the Flapper was often only a temporary lifestyle for young women who still expected to settle down, get married, and have a family. The Flapper represented youth and freedom, but most women understood that their footloose and fancy free lifestyle was only a phase of their lives.
https://rowellsapushistory.wikispaces.com/file/view/Flappers+and+the+changing+roles+of+women.pdf
http://www.huffenglish.com/gatsby/gatsbyhunt.html
Before 1920

Hems covered ankles and knees

Heavy shoes covered foot all the way to ankle
Make up was improper
Corsets
Petticoats
Long hair coiled/piled on top of head
Arms were hidden
After 1920
Dresses stopped at knee

Hip-lines lowered

Looser and shapeless clothes

Bust and waist

disappeared

Bare Arms

Beige stockings for a more naked look
Feet were shown

Short bobbed hair

More and more boyish looks

Wore rouge, eyeliner and lipstick

Long strings of beads
Automobiles
There was no greater symbol of the 1920s than the automobile.
They liberated Americans from often restrictive home or neighborhood situations
Women used the cars to save time in their daily domestic chores, which in turn gave them more free time in which they could educate themselves or find a job.
Scientific management and the assembly line increased factory productivity and decreased cost.
Automobiles were status symbols, transporting the occupants in style.
1923 Ford Model T
1924 Chrysler Six Touring
1925 Chrysler Roadster
1927 Ford Model T Roadster
1929 Ford Model A
1929 Packard 8
1920s Slang
The Bee's Knees
An extraordinary person, thing, or idea
An extraordinary person, thing, or idea
Bump off
Carry a Torch
Cat's Meow or Cat's Pajamas
Crush
Dogs
Dumb Dora
Heebie-Jeebies
Hooch
Jalopy
Kisser
Pushover
Ritzy
Scram
Spiffy
Swell
Upchuck
An extraordinary person, thing, or idea
An elegant appearance
Bootlegged liquor
A person who is easily convinced
Mouth
To murder
January 11-The first successful insulin treatment of diabetes is made
February 2-Ulysses by James Joyce is published
February 5-The first issue of Reader's Digest is published
February 8-President Warren G. Harding introduces the first radio in the White House
April 3-Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party
April 13-The state of Massachusetts opens all public offices to women
May 5-Construction begins on Yankee Stadium
May 30-The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington D.C.
October 28-Benito Mussolini comes to power
November 4-Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb is discovered
January 17-Betty White is born
May 13-Bea Arthur is born
June 10-Judy Garland is born
August 2-Alexander Graham Bell died
1922
1926
2013
Full transcript