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Socialization

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Arai Nurkenova

on 18 September 2013

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Transcript of Socialization

Socialisation and Identity
Key concepts
Socialisation and its stages
Social vs. private identities
Theories of socialisation, identity and interaction
Theories of socialisation, identity and interaction
Role-learning theory: Talcott Parsons
Symbolic interactionism: George Mead, Erving Goffman
Psychoanalitic theory: Sigmund Freud

Mead’s
Freud’s
Made by: Myrzabaeva Zhanerke
Nazenova Ainura
Narestina Assema
Nurkenova Araizhan
Orazbekov Sherhan
Ospanova Anelya

Social identity
It is a particular label that is applied to indicate the type of person someone is.
In contemporary societies people have multiple identities.
They shift from one identity to another according to the situation and the roles they are taken on.
Personal identity
The link between the concepts of social identity and self
Person's uniqueness and individuality
Central to a personal identity is personal name

Primary socialization
is that which takes place in infancy and childhood, typically within a family or a small household of carers. This early socialization provides the foundation for all later learning. Through their interaction with parents or carers, children are able to learn a great deal about what is to be member of their particular society.
(James Fulcher/John Scott “Sociology” 3rd Edition (2006), page 117)
I. Primary socialisation
Self and Identity
It is through socialisation that a person develops a sense of identity.
Secondary socialization
begins in later childhood when children begin to interact more frequently outside the household and with people other than their parents. Interacting with other children and with teachers at school, they begin to learn a broader range of social skills and to acquire a more detailed knowledge of roles outside the family.
(James Fulcher/John Scott “Sociology” 3rd Edition (2006), page 117)
II. Secondary socialisation
Tertiary socialization
continues through our lives. For example, people are socialized into ethnic, gender and work identities. People learn what is expected of them when they are becoming old. In some societies growing old gracefully means retreating into the background. Socialization is a continuous process: it begins when we are born and only ends when we die.
(James Fulcher/John Scott “Sociology” 3rd Edition (2006), page 118)
III. Tertiary socialisation
IDENTITY
SOCIAL
Characteristics attributed
to person by others.
PERSONAL
Qualities that make
you different from others.
Principles of sociology R.Gosling(ed.) and S.Taylor,2011,p.31
J.Fulcher, J.Scott, 3d edition,p.118-119
J.Fulcher, J.Scott, 3d edition,p.119
Freud’s
theory of emergence of gender identity
Freud:
Seems to identify gender identity too closely with genital awareness
Argues about superiority of male organ, and those of a female is thought of as just a lack of male organ
Treats father as the primary disciplining agent
Believes that gender learning is concentrated at the age of 4 or 5

Anthony Giddens, 2006, p.172-173
Freud's
theory of the personality
Freud’s
theory of personality
James Fulcher, John Scott, 2007, p.130-131
Freud
and Oedipus Complex
Emotional and psychic struggles and conflicts a young child experiences with its mother and father.

Macionis and Plummer, 2008, p.163
Role-learning theory: T.
Parsons
(Gosling, Taylor, 2011, p.33)
(Fulcher, Scott, 2007, p.125)
Role-taking
Erving
Goffman’s
view about social identities
Principles of sociology R.Gosling(ed.) and S.Taylor,2011,pg 32
Principles of sociology R.Gosling(ed.) and S.Taylor,2011,pg 34
Mead's
theory about socialisation and identity
Principles of sociology R.Gosling(ed.) and S.Taylor,2011,pg 35

Mead’s
theory
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