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Music in Education

The history of music in education and its importance
by

Ashley Waldroup

on 7 February 2011

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Transcript of Music in Education

Music in Education The history of music in education Antiquity Historians can trace the history of music education back to the time of Moses. Hebrews and Egyptians taught and learned music in their everyday lives. Pythagoras, a Greek mathematician, discovered the connection between math and music. The Romans also regarded music with educational esteem and taught it in higher-level academics Aristotle viewed the role of music in education as promoting intellectual enjoyment in leisure. Notation Music theorists between 850 and 1100 A.D. developed music notation. Notation became a major subject of study for young musicians. By the 16th Century, music was an integral part of church services. German Schools Between 1500 and 1600, German schools adapted their curricula to include music. Students learned vocal and instrumental music and gave public performances. New World A musical education movement began in New England at the start of the 18th Century during the Great Awakening. Traveling "singing schools" went from place to place teaching communities to sing. Expanding Performance The 1920s held the rise of the music contest. Orchestras, choirs, concert bands, and pianists began to perform and gain appreciation. Aesthetic Education In 1959, American Association of School Administrators expressed support for more complete curriculum including arts instruction. The presence of music in school increased very slowly. "Coming to Our Senses" was published in 1979. It warned of effect for American culture if arts weren't going to be taken more seriously. Contemporary Education In 1999 Vision 2020 report was executed. The Housewright Symposium led by MENC (The National Association for Music Education) presented a vision from today's outstanding music educations that will guide the future of music education through the next twenty years. For decades, music has been an important part of the school day for each and every child in America. Elementary schools often had pianos and students sang along to their favorites, like patriotic songs. Students looked forward to performing in concerts and showing off their talents. Today, the trend towards cutting funds for music programs is an alarming one. While athletics are rarely touched, music is often the first to go. Elementary students no longer have the opportunity to learn an instrument or sing in a chorus. Because of that, programs in middle and high schools are affected and soon eliminated as well. Most people underestimate the importance of music education in schools today. However, Music education is extremely important!! More and more scientific studies have shown the advantages of a music education and the reasons for saving these programs. a few reasons... Math Students learn to count, keep a steady rhythm, and how to multiply and divide (when figuring out how long each note is) They even learn a little bit of algebra (in deciphering the value of a note with a "dot") Coordination Being a musician isn't unlike being an athlete! Students must use fine and gross motor skills in order to play an instrument. Singers and wind players must learn breath control and be in good shape to play. Music is an obvious outlet for self-expression and creativity. But beyond providing an opportunity to sing and dance, researchers have shown that a strong musical education provides so much more. Music can develop self discipline. The child who allots time for practicing each day is known to develop similar habits in conjunction with other subjects as well. Organizational skills increase along with these habits. Ensemble experience also builds teamwork. Teamwork Band members learn the importance of being a reliable member of a group and are educated to teh importance of being a team player. Higher Thinking Scientists have discovered that learning to read music or play a musical instrument develops higher thinking skills. The child who is skilled at music excels at problem-solving, evaluation, and analysis. Music reading uses the same portion of the brain that's used in mathematical thinking. Music notation helps students understand the meaning of fractions.
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