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Puritans: a quick overview

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Diane Ayer

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Puritans: a quick overview

a quick overview

Puritans did not approve of the Church of England
The Church of England
did not approve of them
one who opposes
the church doctrines
Works Cited for images:
Puritans were punished severely
for their heretical ideas
Why were the Puritans
considered heretics?
They believed in a simpler, less ornate church and church service
Puritans believed in simple, conservative
dress and actions
Singing in church
was permissible...
Puritans did not allow dancing, reading fiction,performing drama, and singing. They were all considered vain enjoyment.
vain enjoyment =
doing something that
might take your mind off
of your religious obligations...
and may lead you into
Puritans also did not like the many levels of hierarchy within the Church of England. Instead, they hired (and fired) their own ministers.
Their abstemious lifestyle worked well with the difficult times they faced as they established themselves in what they believed was the "city upon a hill."
denying oneself of indulgences
term coined by John Winthrop, the
governor of the first Puritan community in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The concept reflects their belief that God had put aside this piece of land for them to serve as an example to others.
Conceited? Maybe.
Serious? Very.
Form of government:
theocracy = government is
guided by religious thought
(this is the "church & state"
that was later separated by the founding fathers).
Puritan = type of religion that was an attempt to "purify" the Church of England in the 1600's
Their belief in the importance of hard work was termed the "Puritan Work Ethic" and is still used today.
What about the Salem Witch Trials?
Remember, accusations of witchcraft have occurred all over the world throughout history.
You will be researching and learning
more about what happened as we read
"The Crucible," but here's a quick
When & Where: Salem, MA, 1692
Disputes over the hiring of the latest minister and land deeds fueled many debates and lawsuits
Young girls, who were normally utterly
powerless in their community, found that they would be listened to and respected for calling someone a witch
The total number accused of witchcraft: over 200
Number found guilty: 29
How many killed for being a witch?
19 hanged
2 died in jail
1 pressed to death for refusing to answer the charge
Reasons for accusations:
land disputes, vengeance, absent from church meetings, poverty, ergot (fungus on rye that can cause hallucinations)
In Salem, if you were accused, you could:
admit it
& repent
(you must blame others
for bewitching you)
Good because:
You won't be hanged
Bad because:
You will spend an eternity
in hell for it.
Deny it &
try your luck
in court
Good because:
first-class ticket
to Heaven
Bad because:
You will likely
be hanged
A person whose opinion is at odds with what is generally accepted
What's a heretic?
...as long as you didn't smile.
A common phrase was:
Idle hands are the devil's playthings!
They allowed journals - for introspection.
Poetry was also allowed because it was considered an intellectual pursuit.
They could use their journals to determine how well they were serving God.
For example: Because she was on a diet, she was abstemious and had celery sticks instead of ice cream for a snack.
The Great Awakening
During the 1730's and 1740's, this religious
revival swept through the colonies. Suddenly,
people returned to Puritanism.
Full transcript