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Arabic Language

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Nancy York

on 16 June 2011

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Transcript of Arabic Language

Arabic Language Arabic is spoken in the area stretching from West Morocco to the East Persian Gulf. Algeria (Arabic Official)
Nahrain (Arabic Official)
Chad (Arabic and French Official)
Comoros (Arabic and Frenech Official)
Dinouti (French and Arabic Official)
Egypt (Official)
Irag (Arabic Official)
Jordan (Arabic Official)
Kuwait (Arabic Official)
Lebanon (Arabic Official)
Mauritania (Arabic Official)
Morocco (Arabic Official)
Oman (Arabic Official)
Palestinian Arabic
Qatar (Arabic Official)
Saudi Arabia (Arabic)
Somalia (Arabic)
Sudan (Arabic Official)
Syrai (Arabic Official)
Tanzania (Arabic)
United Arab Emirated (Arabic Official)
Yeman (Arabic) Top 15 Languages Learned in the U.S.
(based on Fall 2006 Enrollments in U.S. Institutions of Higher Education)

Language % of Enrollment

1. Spanish 52.2%
2. French 13.1%
3. German 6%
4. American Sign Language 5%
5. Italian 5%
6. Japanese 4.2%
7. Chinese 3.3%
8. Latin 2%
9. Russian 1.6%
10. Arabic 1.5%
11. Ancient Greek 1.4%
12. Biblical Hebrew 0.9%
13. Portuguese 0.7%
14. Modern Hebrew 0.6%
15. Korean 0.5% Arabic Alphabet Pronunciation Phonology Problematic sounds Diferences Between the English and Arabic Languages Grammar ----bit for bet
----red for raid
----hop for hope

The following consonant clusters do not occur in Arabic (in initial position) /pr,pl, gl, thw, sp/
Three consonant clusters do not occur in Arabic at all.
This is why Arabic speakers tend to insert short vowels to accomodate phonotactic native language rules
pierce or pirece for price
ispring or sipring for spring

Problems in pronouncing consonants include the inability to produce the /th/ sounds in words such as /this/ and /thin/, the swapping of /b/ and /p/ at the beginning of words, and the subsitution of /f/ for /v/. اللغة العربية * Arabic is read and written from right to left.

* Arabic does not have capital or lower case letters. Letters are written in continuum stream of symbols without spacing in between letters.

* Stress, grammatical accuracy, and inflection are added by using diacritic marks, which can change the meaning of a word.

* Arabic has two genders, masculine and feminine.

* Plurals of nouns in Arabic not referring to humans beings are considered feminine singular: Where are the books? She is on the table. I gave her to the teacher.

* Plural nouns are often form by internal pattern changes, there is no /s/ at the end of a word to mark plurals. I have many book.

* For nouns following numbers above ten, it is the rule in Arabic to use singular form and this is often transferred: I have ten brothers and sixteen uncle.

* Numbers from 0 to 19 are written in an identical manner as in English. However, numbers from 20 and up are created by reversing the numbers. For example, to write the number 35 in Arabic, one would reverse it and write 53. This number would be read as five and thirty. Verb/Tense: Arabic has no verb to be in the present tense, and no auxiliary do. Furthermore, there is a single present tense in Arabic.

This differences result in errors such as She good teacher, When you come to Germany? I flying to Egypt tomorrow or Where he going?

In Arabic the sentence structure is VOS- Plays the child.

Arabic does not make the distinction between actions completed in the past with and without a connection to the present. This leads to failure to use the present perfect tense, as in I finished my work. Can you check it?

There are no modal verbs in Arabic. This, for example, leads to: From the possible that I am late. (I may be late.) Another common mistake is to infer that an auxiliary is needed and make mistakes such as: Do I must do that?

Adjectives in Arabic follow the noun they qualify. This leads Arab beginners to making word order mistakes in written or spoken English.

Arabic requires the inclusion of the pronoun in relative clauses, unlike English, in which the pronoun is omitted. This result in mistakes like: Where is the pen which I gave it to you yesterday? * Arabic is considered a rich consonant language, which consists of 24 consonants, 8 vowels and diphthongs

* There are three short vowels, three long vowels and two diphthongs (formed by a combination of short /a/ with the semivowels /j/ and /w/). These tend to be "almost allophonic."

* Arabic does not contain the sounds: P, V, X, Ch, G (except in certain dialects) and are substituted by the Arabic sounds B, F, and KS (the letter K followed by the letter S). In addition, Arabic borrows sounds/letters from the Farsi language which is comprehensible among all Arabs.
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