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Transcript of Ancient Rome
By Hannah Oo, Chelsea Sheets, Isaac Lussier, and Joshua Pawlowicz.
During Augustus' time as emperor, he brought Rome back to peace. Rome also became a very powerful military empire. The 200 years after Augustus' reign is known as "Pax Romana", or "peace of Rome". After Augustus' rule, the senate did not have a lot of say against the emperor. Some emperors were good, while some were bad. Around the fourth century, Rome was invaded by barbarians. Emperor Constantine started building "new Rome", or the Byzantine Empire, which lasted until 1453, while Western Rome fell to German invaders.
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The Grand Pantheon is a building built in 27 B.C. by a man named Marcus Agrippa as a place of worship to the gods. If anyone tells you to build a temple, by the way, you can just say, "Get A-grippa." In 80 A.D, the Pantheon burned down in a fire during the reign of Titus. Titus had no kids, so when Titus died, his younger brother Domitian became emperor, and built a new Pantheon. That one burned down too. Domitian died, and Nerva became emperor. Nerva adopted Trajan because he thought he would be a good emperor when he died. In this manner, Trajan adopted Hadrian, and in 118 A.D, Hadrian rebuilt the Pantheon. As you might guess by now, you are thinking this one burned down too. This one did not burn down though, and it remains fully intact to this day. Or should I say 90% intact. 80%. 70. 60. About 60% of it remains intact. As you can see on the picture, though, Hadrian built it in honor of Agrippa. His name is written above the pillars. The Pantheon was built out of concrete. The whole thing. The pillars, walls, dome, and all were made out of it. This is not including any paintings or portraits; this is just including the Pantheon itself. After all, concrete is a Roman invention.
The Roman Forum is the central area of the city where all the commerce and business are. This is where Rome developed. everything happens in the Forum. From religious activities to the cult; the Forum experiences it all. All the important public buildings and the administration of justice was here as well.
The Roman Coliseum was used for chariot racing and the slaughter of animals and slaves for entertainment. It could fit about 50,000 people.
Ancient Roman chariot races were held in the Circus, such as the Circus Maximus. The festivities such as the Ludi Magni which were celebrated with the chariot races in honour of Jupiter. A few times they had to rebuild the Circus Maximus because it was burnt down a few times. the original was made of wood, but the second time that they built the Circus Maximus, they made it out of stone.
Common jobs open to people in Rome vary from priests, scientists, warriors, smiths, farmers, bakers, slaves etc... Usually the man would go out and work.
When the woman of the household would take care of house hold things and was in charge of slaves.
Labor/Structure/Way of Life
Ancient Rome started as a small city along the Tiber river. Legend says that two brothers, Romulus and Remus were thrown out to the river by a jealous king. The brothers wanted to start a city but could not decide on the location. The gods told them to make separate cities so they did. After Romulus' city walls were completed in 753 B.C, Remus belittled them and climbed over them to Romulus' city. Romulus was enraged and killed his brother. Thus, Rome is named after Romulus. Ancient Rome is a time in history we should never forget.
Ancient Rome started as a small city but developed into the greatest empire in the whole world. Rome's major contributions including the Julian Calendar, aqueducts, and our government structure paved the way for modern laws and technology. What once started with two brothers exiled from their future throne became the most well known civilization and produced the most powerful leaders of our time.
An aqueduct is a water supply or
navigable channel constructed to
Ancient Rome started as a monarchy. That meant it was ruled by kings and royals. Eventually the Romans overcame their rulers and became a republic, where the people choose consuls , or leaders, who were in the Senate and ruled for them. In the beginning, the consuls were mainly rich, but soon, even lower class people could be consuls. Around 60 B.C, during a time where Rome was declining, Julius Cesar came to power. He made many advancements to Rome including the Julian Calendar, additions of land to the Roman Republic, and land redistributions to the poor. However, things Cesar did, like building his own personal army, were not approved by the senate. They thought he acted like a King. Thus, they stabbed him to death. After Cesar's death, Rome was in a period of civil wars which led to the end of the Roman Republic and gave the first Roman emperor, Augustus Cesar, born as Octavian. Julius Cesar made Octavian his heir and gave him the right to call himself Cesar. In an empire, consuls were still elected but the Emperor had the final power
The Romans believed in Roman gods. Such gods consist of Jupiter, the god of gods, Mercury, the god of messengers, and Juno, the god of the sky. There are others like Neptune, Venus, Janus, Minerva, Vulcan, Pluto, Cupid, Mars, Apollo, Saturn, Bacchus, Ceres, Diana, Uranus, Gaia, Prosperpina, and Hercules. Even Emperor Augustus was thought of as a god and was worshiped on some special days.
These gods were very similar to the Greek gods. For example the ruler of the gods in Greek mythology, Zeus, is still the ruler of the gods in Roman mythology, Jupiter. There are differences though. As an example, Athena in Greek mythology is the goddess of war and wisdom, while Minerva is demoted to the goddess of arts and craft in Roman mythology, the only god or goddess to change in rank from Roman to Greek mythology or vice versa. Sorry Minerva! Another change is that Ares in Greek mythology is feared and unpopular, while Mars is revered and helpful, even though they are both the god of war and fighting.
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PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/women.html>.
Milani-Santarpia, Giovanni. "Ancient Roman Jobs." Ancient Roman Jobs. MariaMilani, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014. <http://www.mariamilani.com/ancient_rome/ancient_roman_jobs.htm>.
Dowling, Mike. "Ancient Rome at mrdowling.com." www.mrdowling.com. Updated October 12, 2014 . Web. Date of Access. <http://www.mrdowling.com/702rome.html>
"Ancient Rome and Religion." Ancient Rome and Religion. History Learning Site, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/ancient_rome_and_religion.htm>.
Edkins, Jo. "Roman Gods." And Goddesses. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014. <http://gwydir.demon.co.uk/jo/roman/>.
Dutemple, Leslie, and William MacDonald. "The Pantheon." Pantheon. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2014. <http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/romans/architecture/pantheon.htm>.
"Greek Gods vs. Roman Gods." Greek Gods vs Roman Gods. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2014. <http://www.diffen.com/difference/Greek_Gods_vs_Roman_Gods>.
Ancient Rome used the roman numerals as their number system.
A capital I is the number one.
A capital V is the number five.
A capital X is the number ten.
A capital L is the number fifty.
A capital C is the number
one-hundred. Those are the
basic numbers in the roman
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Roman people wrote on clay tablets. They wrote on them when they were wet with coniform symbols. Then they fired them to keep them permanent.