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Black History Month

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Khamisa J

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of Black History Month

by: Khamisa Joseph Black History Timeline Black History Month By: Khamisa Joseph February is Black History Month.
You may have heard the term
before but may not know the
full story of what it really is. Black History Month also known as
African-American History Month is a
month to dedicate and remember
people and events in Black History. It is celebrated in the USA, Canada, and United Kingdom. Black History Month started when Carter G. Woodson (a black Historian) announced in 1926 that the second week of February was to be "Negro History Week". Beginnings Woodson Chose that week to mark
the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln the 14th President of the United States And Frederick Douglass
a civil rights Activist From there Negro History
Week caught the attention of many people, teachers, students, and citizens. In 1976 the federal government acknowledged the expansion of Black History week to Black History Month. In 1995 the House of Commons recognized Black History Month after it being acknowledged by senate Jean Augustine. Though it was started by one person Black History month wouldn't be here without the Heroes of it. For example... Marther luther King Jr Marther Luther King Jr was an american activist and the Leader of the African American Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks Rosa Parks was an African American
civil rights activist. She became a national icon for fighting against racial segregation. She is remembered and honored for her action against racial segregation Harriet Tubman Harriet Tubman was an African-American
Abolitionist and Union Spy. Slowly she guided her relatives to freedom and eventually guided other slaves to freedom. When the American Civil War began Harriet worked for the Union Army where she started as a cook and nurse and eventually moved on to being a spy. Ruby Bridges Ruby Bridges (in 1960) was 1 of 6 children that were chosen to attend an all white school. 6 were chosen but only Ruby went. Her father was reluctant but her mom convinced him to let her go for better education. Crowds were formed as soon as people find out a black student was enrolling in the school people made nasty comments and threats to Ruby as she approached the school. Parents stopped sending their kids to school, and every teacher refused to teach Ruby except one Barbara Henry. Barbara taught ruby alone as if she was teaching a whole class. Ruby was brought to school everyday by government officials . As time passed things changed. Ruby’s story and courage has left a mark on this world. Heroes aren't the only part of why we have Black History Month
There is also events... The Atlantic Slave Trade The fugitive Slave Law Emancipation Proclamation The Atlantic Slave trade took place between the 16th to 19th centuries across the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the people that were transported were Africans. The slave trade started in what was called “Old World” continents (Europe, Africa and Asia) and “New World” (North and South America) The second Atlantic system was the slave trade of the British, Portuguese French and Dutch traders. The slave trade was divided into 2 eras, the 1st and 2nd atlantic systems, also the Triangle Trade. The first atlantic system started approximately in 1502 was the slave trade of the South American colonies of Portuguese ad Spanish empires. It lasted until about 1580. The Slave trade happened because the British were struggling a lot with lack of work force and were suffering with diseases; in other hands Africans were excellent workers, they’ve had experience with agriculture and raising cattle as well as being immune to tropical diseases.The treaty of Paris took place in 1814 when the British and French agreed to end the trade along with Sweden and The Dutch.The last slave trip arrived in America in 1859. The Fugitive Slave Acts of 1793 and 1850 were passed by the US congress. The Slave law of 1743 was the act of returning slaves back to the south that have escaped to the north. The act was allowing masters to capture escaped slaves present them to a federal or local judge, and let them be determined weather the slave would be retaken some people thought the slave law was an excuse to kidnap freed black slaves, while others saw it as an advantage to redeem slaves that may have freed years ago.Objectives of The slave law took action against it with protests making the ability returning runaway slaves harder 1450 1850 1863 1926 1955 1960 1963 1968 1976 1987 1995 1743 1850 2013 Leading to the Fugitive Slave act of 1850 --> The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 was passes by the federal congress. Slave hunters were entitled to capture any escaped slaves from any state or territory then to bring them to a federal judge and determine weather it was a runaway. It was also said that any US Marshall that didn’t arrest runways would be charged with a $1000 fine. While convicted runaway slaves were to have a six month imprisonment with a $500 penalty.
None of the suspected slaves were allowed to testify or ask for a Jury Trial for him/herself. President Abraham Lincoln of the United States issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War. The law declared, "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." Ending both slavery and the Fugitive slave acts in the USA. Well that was the Past this is the Present... Officers were also allowed to capture
freed Negros and sell them to slave-masters. Several protests and reactions to the law had it opposed in most northern states. Marther Luther King Jr who became a national Icon for his power speech and action against racial segregation was assassinated on April 4th 1968 in Memphis Tennessee. He became famous for his several non-violent protests against segregation and leading the 1963 March on Washington where he delivered his I have a Dream Speech. In 1964 he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his integrity against racial profiling with non-violent protests. Black History Month isn't
only celebrated in the USA
it is also celebrated in The United Kingdom and Canada. Black History Month was first celebrated in The United Kingdom in 1987. The Mackenzie House in Toronto, Ontario celebrates Black History Month by showing presentations to education people about how Canada took part in numerous of events in Black History. The Mackenzie House also Has an exhibit with old newspapers and articles to increase your knowledge on Black History and how important it is. The Toronto Public Library Marks
Black History Month with songs films and literature. They also have plays, poetry events, drumming and dancing programs, storytellers and historians will to help Toronto celebrate the heritages, traditions and cultures of African-Canadians. Anthony Morgan( An Jamaican-Canadian) is a teacher who believes it up to black Canadians to learn their own history in order to change the black experience in Canada by teaching his students on the importance of Black History month and the impact its had on our country. As you Can see Black History Month is important. Not only is it a huge part of our history but it's great to learn about it so we can prevent events like this from happening again. On December 1st 1955 parks was arrested because she refused to obey a bus driver to give up her seat to a fellow white passenger after the white section was filled. Born into slavery, she was beaten as a child by masters. Early in her life she suffered a head Injury from carrying heavy metal weight. The injury left her having seizures and headaches. In 1849 Harriet escaped to Philadelphia. But then returned to Maryland to rescue her family. References http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_History_Month http://www.toronto.ca/blackhistory/index.htm http://www.enotes.com/fugitive-slave-acts-1793-1850-reference/fugitive-slave-acts-1793-1850 http://www.asalh.org/woodsonbiosketch.html http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmtimeline.html Thank You!
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