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Basket Weaving: An Ancient Art Form

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by

Ashley Elizondo

on 4 May 2016

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Transcript of Basket Weaving: An Ancient Art Form

Food
Herbs
Water
Supplies
Personal items
Ceremonial objects
They aided in catching birds or fish, cooking food, and cradling babies

Baskets originated from many tribes & cultures such as:
Native Americans
Aboriginal tribes
Native Mexicans

Traditionally, baskets were regarded as having their own spirit. Songs to honor plants were sung as materials were gathered and prepared, and songs were sung while weaving to strengthen the basket's purpose.

Some baskets were even thought to contained protective or medicinal powers.

Basket Uses in Modern Culture
So, what is “Tribal" art?
Tribal art is an artifact that is appreciated because of its cultural roots. An artifact is an object made by a human that has some cultural or historical value.
Regardless of the object's source, part of its value lies in its authenticity: its relationship to ceremonies, beliefs, rituals, and images that are part of tribal life.
It is the combination of tribal authenticity and visual appeal that transforms an artifact into a work of art.  

During the Industrial Revolution, baskets were used in factories, and for packing and deliveries.
During the world wars thousands of baskets were used for transporting messenger pigeons.
There were also observational balloon baskets, baskets for shell cases and airborne baskets used for dropping supplies of ammunition and food to the troops.

Basket Weaving Vocabulary
1. Weaving – A craft in which fiber strands are interlocked to make cloth or objects (baskets).

2. Warp – The material over which outer fibers are wrapped, also called “core”. In our case, the rope is the warp.

3. Weft – The outer fiber or material used to cover the warp (in our case, yarn is the weft). The weft binds the warp together.

Let’s Talk about FUNCTIONAL Art!

Functional art: art that serves a purpose other than aesthetics, or beauty.

Baskets are considered functional art because they are vessels that can be used for holding or containing.
Basket Weaving: An Ancient Art Form
All baskets were cherished and regarded as family members. This tradition is still carried on; though in modern society baskets are mostly used to store personal trinkets or for decorative purposes.

Basket-weaving is one of the oldest known Native American crafts--there are ancient Indian baskets that have been identified as nearly 8000 years old.
Traditionally made with a large variety of plant material: grasses, leaves, roots, small branches, pine needles, etc. 

What other types of artwork might be considered functional?
4. Coil – Snake-like rows of wrapped material bound together to make a vessel.

5. Artifact - is an object made by a human that has some cultural or historical value.

6. Vessel - A hollow structure, such as a cup, vase, or pitcher, used as a container.

Basket Weaving Vocabulary
3 Basic Weaving Techniques
Plaited Wicker Coil
We will be using the
coil
method.
Project Guidelines:
1. Must measure 8 or more inches total. Measure height and width.
2. Must incorporate our life-line at least once in your basket.
3. Must utilize appropriate and correct coil technique.

Focusing on the shape of your basket, sketch out 4 different ideas. One in each quadrant on the paper you just set up in your sketchbook.

Ask yourself a couple of questions....
Will your basket be skinny and tall, will it have handles, a lid?

Also, what could you bring from home to weave in with your design? Things like fabric from your favorite shirt, guitar strings, beads, charms, feathers, old jewelry or lace.

Baskets served many functions –Mainly To carry or store:
What do you think the following baskets might be used for? Use their shape and patterns to help you decide.
Starting the basket...
Wrapping the first round...
In your sketchbook, set up a clean sheet of paper like the diagram.
Basket Sketch 1
Set each quadrant up just like the first.
The Purpose of this Project:

Is to teach you a skill that you can apply to create a piece of functional art, use colors symbolically and to explore the art element of form.
Your final product will:
Serve as a container that symbolically represents your life story.
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