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Transcript of Mohican Indians
They used drums and rattles to make music.
They sang and danced along to the music.
Games and Sports
The Mohicans played with corn shuck dolls, had ball games, and shot bows and arrows.
Language and Communication
They used to speak their own Mohican language.
Today, most Mohicans speak English.
Learning for Adulthood
Boys hunted with their fathers, and girls learned housework.
They spent more of their time doing chores and less time playing.
They were taught the traditions of the Mohicans.
Location and Terrain
Many Mohican Indians lived along the banks of the Hudson River (New York).
They also lived in MA, CT, and VT.
Their homes were usually close to rivers, which provided food, water, and transportation.
For the above reason, they were often called "River Indians".
Woodlands surrounded the area and provided abundant resources.
Women wore leggings with a skirt.
Men wore breechcloths and leggings.
Usually, shirts were not worn by either gender.
Both genders wore moccasins and everyone had two braids in their hair.
A beaded headband with a few feathers was traditional.
The woodlands were teeming with wildlife.
Pine, oak, maple, and birch trees dotted the landscape.
Animals were plentiful. Bears, deer, and moose roamed freely.
Herring and trout filled the clear river water.
These resources provided life for the Mohicans.
Mohicans lived in wigwams (bent sapling covered with hide or bark).
They also lived in longhouses. Several families could live in a longhouse.
Many houses had holes in the roof so the smoke from a fire pit could escape.
Occasionally, Mohican villages were surrounded by a log wall for protection.
Crafts and Arts
The Mohican Indians were known for the beadwork and baskets they created.
They also made wampums, assembled with purple and white shell beads.
Storytelling was very significant to the Mohican culture.
They told many legends and fairy tales.
Storytellers explained to the children how the Earth was created, why the leaves change colors in the fall, etc.
Influence on Modern America
Mohicans have their own government, but they still have to abide by U.S. law.
They reside in Wisconsin after being pushed off of their land elsewhere.
The British call it a "Mohican" haircut, but the U.S. refers to it as a "Mohawk". This is named after the Mohican's rival tribe, the Mohawk Indians.
*The Mohicans joined with other Indian tribes, and they were renamed the Stockbridge Indians. The Stockbridge Indians were forced to move to areas west of the Mississippi River. They settled in Wisconsin on a reservation with the Munsee Indians. These tribes, including the original Mohican tribe, are the Stockbridge-Munsee Band of Mohican Indians located in Bowler, Wisconsin.
Men generally traveled to get food.
They killed deer, fish, beavers, and other small animals.
Vegetables and berries were also gathered and served for meals.
They prepared for the long winter months by storing any leftover meat, fish, and vegetables in the ground.
During the fall, ceremonies would be held for the harvest of corn, squash, and beans, and again in the spring for the planting of these vegetables.
Also, anytime something important happened within the tribe, ceremonies with food, dancing, and music took place.
Chief Aupumut is the most known leader from the Mohican tribe.
He has a famous quote that states, “When it comes time to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with the fear of death, so when their time comes they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song, and die like a hero going home.”
He passed this wisdom on to his tribe and was a respected leader to the Mohican Indians.
Many people think that the Mohicans and Mohegans are the same tribe because of the famous book "Last of the Mohicans." The author, James Fenimore Cooper, made errors in this book. He gave several of his Mohican characters Mohegan names and made their homeland in Mohegan territory. Because of this error, some people still call the Mohegans "Mohicans" today.