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Canada's Climate

Grade 9 Geography Lesson

Wes Fenwick

on 22 March 2011

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Transcript of Canada's Climate

Climate What Is Climate? Climate is an area's average long-term weather
6 Main factors affect climate:
O-cean Currents
W-inds and Air Masses
E-levation (Altitude)
Near Water Remember, L-O-W-E-R -Near Water! Latitude Canada is a geographically large country
Lowest ->Pelee Island, ON 41°N
Highest ->Alert, NU 83° N Generally, As latitude increases, temperatures decrease
As latitude decreases, temperatures increase Energy from sun also a significant factor Ocean Currents Temperature of an ocean current affects air above it
Warm current + air = Warm moist air

Ex. BC's climate = Warm, moist weather
Due to warm North Pacific Current heating air above it Pelee Island = Warm, moist-like climate

Alert = Bitterly cold, dry conditions British Isles' climate mild and wet
Warmer than expected at its latitude Air Masses Large Volume of air that takes on traits of climate of where it was formed
(I.E. Northern arctic creates cold, dry air masses) Air moves from high to low pressure areas causing wind
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