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ARTICLE II Declaration of Principles and State Policies
Transcript of ARTICLE II Declaration of Principles and State Policies
The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.
Civilian authority is, at all times, supreme over the military. The Armed Forces of the Philippines is the protector of the people and the State. Its goal is to secure the sovereignty of the State and the integrity of the national security.
The prime duty of the Government is to serve and protect the people. The government may call upon the people to defend the State and, in the fulfillment thereof, all citizens may be required, under conditions provided by law, to render personal military of civil service.
The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
Declaration of Principles and State Policies
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God,in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.
Manifestations of a democratic and republican state.
The existence of a bill of rights.
The observance of the rule of the majority.
The observance of the principle that ours is a government of laws, and not of men.
The presence of elections through popular will.
The observance of the principle of separation of powers and the system of checks and balances.
The observance of the principle that the legislature cannot pass irreparable laws.
The observance of the law on public officers.
The observance of the principle that the State cannot be sued without its consents.
Sovereignty is exercised indirectly
Through public officials elected by the people.
Officials appointed by the elected officials.
Sovereignty is exercised directly
Exercised directly through suffrage.
The right to vote in political elections.
Renunciation of war as instrument of national policy.
Philippines cannot declare war on another country
The country can only declare an existing state of war.
Adoption of the generally accepted principles of
international law as part of the country’s own law
When international usage to be applied
A treaty has force of a statute
Constitution prevails over a treaty
The maintenance of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and the promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of the democracy.
Peace and Order
- Duty of the government to maintain peace and order.
Through making laws
Promote the general welfare
The separation of Church and State shall be inviolable.
State and Policies
The State shall pursue an independent foreign policy. In its relations with other states the paramount consideration shall be national sovereignty, territorial integrity, national interest, and the right to self- determination.
The Philippines, consistent with the national interest, adopts and pursues a policy of freedom from nuclear weapons in its territory.
The State shall promote a just and dynamic social order that will ensure the prosperity and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through policies that provide adequate social services, promote full employment, a rising standard of living, and an improved quality of life for all.
The State shall promote social justice in all phases of national development.
The State values the dignity of every human person and guarantees full human rights respect for.
The State recognizes the sanctity of family life and shall protect and strengthen the family as a basic autonomous social institution. It shall equally protect the life of the mother and the life of the unborn from conception. The natural and primary right and duty of parents in the rearing of the youth for civic efficiency and the development of moral character shall receive the support of the Government.
The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual, and social well-being. It shall inculcate in the youth patriotism and nationalism, and encourage their involvement in public and civic affairs.
The State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
Role of women in nation-building
Proven capabilities of Filipino women
Expansion of women’s role
Equality with men before the law
The State shall protect and promote the right to health of the people and instill health consciousness among them.
Right of people to Health:
"Health -is the state physical, social and mental well-being rather than merely than merely the absence of physical diseases."
The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature.
Right to Balanced and Healthful Ecology
The need for a program to address the ecological problems of:
Destruction of waterways
Protect human life
Dying river beds
The State affirms labor as a primary social economic force. It shall protect the rights of workers and promote their welfare.
The State recognizes the indispensable role of the private sector, encourages private enterprise, and provides incentives to needed investments.
Role of private sectors in the economy:
• The Constitution does not favor an economy where the State directly competes with private business.
• The business of government is governance and NOT money-making.
The State shall promote
comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform.
Covers all phases of rural development:
The State shall encourage non-governmental, community-based, or sectoral organizations that promote the welfare of the nation.
The State recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.
The State shall ensure the autonomy of local governments.