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RE 12: Judaism - pulire

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Melissa Damur

on 21 September 2016

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Transcript of RE 12: Judaism - pulire

RE 11: Judaism
What does it mean to be Jewish??
4000 year old tradition with answers as to:
what is a human?
how to make the world a holy place?

God appointed the Jews to be his Chosen People who are called to:
set an example of holiness & ethical behavior to the world
a celebration and sanctification of life
a way of life
Famous Jewish People
Name that famous Jewish person
this actor starred in the BEE movie ???
this comedian was arguably the best Oscar host??
famous for writing a "journal" about her experiences???
suffered from dyslexia and is now considered one of the greatest genius' of our century???
played the grandfather in my favorite movie "The Princess Bride"????
this actor is known for his pointy ears?
this comedian is the producer of my favorite show "The Colbert Report"??
this musician wrote the famous song Hallelujah??
famous comedian known for his stylish round glasses?
wrote the book "No Logo"
Jewish Holy Days
Our path:

What do we know?
Beliefs & practices
Jews for Jesus?
Assessment: Judaism and Christianity-what is the difference
Judaism in Popular Media
Branches of Judaism
Orthodox Judaism

Reform Judaism

Most liberal expression of Judaism
42 % of American Jews
affirm the central tenets of Judaism - God, Torah, and Israel
Women may be Rabbis, cantors, and synagogue presidents;
interfaith families are accepted;
are "committed to the full participation of gays and lesbians in synagogue life as well as society at large."

Oprah and Elie Weisel
Intolerance lies at the core of evil.
Not the intolerance that results
from any threat or danger.
But intolerance of another being who dares to exist.
Intolerance without cause. It is so deep within us,
because every human being secretly desires
the entire universe to himself.
Our only way out is to learn
compassion without cause. To care for each other
simple because that ‘other’ exists.

- Rabbi Menachem Mendle

Creation ex nihilo

God sought humans
Every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship
God continues to work in the world, affecting everything that people do.
God is omnipresent: God is everywhere, all the time
God is omnipotent: God can do anything at all
Tzitzit and Tallit
Jewish Prayer Shawl
small black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with verses from the Torah, worn by observant Jews during weekday morning prayers
symbol of the nation of Israel and our mission to be "a light unto the nations." (Isaiah 42:6).
Symbols cont'd
sign of respect to cover the head for G-d
Roman times, Jews covered their heads to show that they were servants of G-d
medieval times, Jews covered their heads as a reminder that G-d is always above them.

no support for that claim in any early rabbinic literature
the top triangle strives upward, toward G-d, while the lower triangle strives downward, toward the real world
the intertwining makes the triangles inseparable, like the Jewish people.
Star of David

a day of great joy eagerly awaited throughout the week
a time when we can set aside all of our weekday concerns and devote ourselves to higher pursuits
a day of rest and spiritual enrichment
Mother lights two Shabbat candles and says a silent prayer for the well-being of her husband and children.
Before the meal, a parent holds a special cup of wine and recites the
a prayer that welcomes and sanctifies Shabbat.
At the end of Shabbat on Saturday night, a blessing is recited thanking God for the division between Shabbat and the rest of the week.

There are many rules to be followed on Shabbat, such as: no work is to be done, and no lights or electrical devices are to be switched on or used.
Orthodox Jews strictly observe these rules, while Conservative Jews interpret them more loosely and Reform Jews may not feel bound to observe them.
Christian Ties with Judaism

- St. Paul and the schism:
-salvation =Jesus Christ not Mosaic Law
-circumcision of the heart not the flesh
Sources of Tradition
Talmud -
- "instruction"
-made up of the Mishnah - codes and laws on areas such as agriculture, worship and marriage among others
-Taken from rabbinic teachings
Gemara- lengthy interpretations of Jewish rituals and practices, a commentary on the Mishnah

Moses to Moses Maimonides
1135-1204 (aka RaMBaM)
RaMBaM= Our Rabbi/Teacher Moses Son of Maimon
Authority comparable to that of the Talmud;
Greatest religious leader of Judaism;
Shaped some teachings of St. Thomas Aquinas

- main source of tension and finally separation from Orthodox Jewry (Kashrut)
-killed instantly
drained of blood
Kosher- "right"
-blood is forbidden

-eat any animal that has cloven hooves and chews its cud
-no mixing of meat and milk

-profession of faith!
Comparing Christianity
and Judaism

-Judaism is Christianity's father
-Christians are spiritually Jews (Vatican II)
-St. Paul teaches that Christianity subtracts nothing from Judaism but only fulfills it
-Jew converts to Christianity he/she completes his/her identity when Hindu becomes a Christian = convert

What have we adopted from Judaism?
-6 distinctive teachings: m_____________, c______________, l_________, r____________, s_____________, f_________

Judaism knows the Truth, Life but the Way???
-Both possess the unique characteristic of an intimate relationship with God, covenant
-Jews and Christians both know who Jesus is, and fundamentally differ about who He is. He is the stumbling stone

-"it was necessary that the word of God should be spoken to you first, but since you reject it and yourselves unworthy of eternal life, we now turn to the Gentiles"
Goal: To bring holiness into everything they do! Their whole life becomes an act of worship.
Shema- Central Profession of Faith
Deuteronomy 6:4-9
Birth of Modern Judaism
66 A.D. Judea was under Roman Empire
zealots rose up against the Romans
70 A.D. Romans laid siege= 3000 ppl who took refuge died
Zionism and the State of Israel

Zionism, a movement to establish a national Jewish state in Palestine.
The persecution Jews experienced in Europe fuelled a desire to return to the land God had promised them
Some Zionists began to emigrate to Palestine.
Arabs who lived there objected to the Jews coming to what they saw as their homeland and fighting broke out several times.
After WWII, many Western countries began to support Jewish struggles for a homeland in Palestine.

In 1947 the UN voted to divide Palestine into an Arab and a Jewish state with Jerusalem under international control.
Arabs felt betrayed by the Western countries, whom they had supported during the war.
Palestinian Arabs felt particularly betrayed by the British who, in 1915, had promised them independence in Palestine.

May 14, 1948=
Jews proclaimed the independent State of Israel.
The next day, Israel’s neighbouring Arab nations invaded in attempt to destroy the new Jewish state.
The rest was annexed by Arab neighbours.
Almost a million Palestine Arabs left the country or were expelled by the Israelis.
Most became refugees living in the Arab-controlled part of Palestine.

TaNaKh : Torah (or Teaching), Neviim (or Prophets), Ketuvim (or Writings)
most traditional expression of modern Judaism
believe the entire Torah - including "Written," the the Pentateuch, and "Oral," the Talmud) was given to Moses by God at Sinai and remains authoritative for modern life in its entirety
Conservative Judaism
moderate position between Orthodox and Reform Judaism
born out of love and humility before God
Communion God= good deeds, prayer, humility and joy!!!
focus on the needs of the common people
conviction that everyday activities hold religious value
Hasidic Judaism ("pious Judaism")
Life Cycles
Brit Milah or Bris
Bar Mitzvah/ Bat Mitzvah
Elie: "I still believe in man in spite of man"
Jewish Views on Love of God- RamBam
to love of God as the motive which gives all human action its true ethical and religious value
it should only be out of love for God, rather than fear of punishment or hope for reward, that Jews should obey the law:
"When man loves God with a love that is fitting he automatically carries out all the precepts of love".
Love of God can be developed by contemplating Divine deeds or...
The Thirteen Articles of Jewish faith are as follows:

1. Belief in the existence of the Creator, be He Blessed, who is
perfect in every manner of existence and is the Primary Cause
of all that exists.

2. The belief in G-d's absolute and unparalleled unity.

3. The belief in G-d's noncorporeality, nor that He will be
affected by any physical occurrences, such as movement, or
rest, or dwelling.

4. The belief in G-d's eternity.

5. The imperative to worship Him exclusively and no foreign false

6. The belief that G-d communicates with man through prophecy.

7. The belief that the prophecy of Moses our teacher has

8. The belief in the divine origin of the Torah.

9. The belief in the immutability of the Torah.

10. The belief in divine omniscience and providence.

11. The belief in divine reward and retribution.

12. The belief in the arrival of the Messiah and the messianic

13. The belief in the resurrection of the dead.
Passover Video: <iframe width="640" height="360" src="http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/the-story-of-god-with-morgan-freeman/videos/passover-traditions/embed/" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" allowfullscreen></iframe>
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