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Transcript of Ernest Hemingway
His Early Life
Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899 in Illinois. Even though he was raised there, he spend a lot of time in Michigan at the family's vacation home. It was there he learned to fish and hunt. In high school, he worked on the school newspaper.
In 1918, Hemingway went overseas and served in World War I as an ambulance driver in the Italian army. For his service, he was awarded the Italian Silver Medal of Bravery. He was later wounded and spent time healing in a hospital in Milan.
Gertrude Stein, also an American Writer, became Hemingway's mentor and introduced him to F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ezra Pound, Pablo Picasso and James Joyce while he lived in Europe.
1930s-1950s for Hemingway
A Farewell to Arms
1937: Hemingway was a war correspondent during the Spanish Civil War
1937: Met Martha Gellhorn, who became wife #3
For Whom the Bell Tolls
(nominated for Pulitzer Prize) which is the story of Robert Jordan, an American attached to a republican guerrilla unit during the Spanish Civil War.
The end of his Life
Traveled all over the world:
World War II (D-Day)
Survived several plane crashes
Married 4th wife, Mary Welsh, toward the end of World War II
Mentally began to deteriorate later in life, suffered from depression
Committed suicide July 2, 1961
Sports Writer on the Trapeze and Tabula Newspaper
Hemingway continued to write. He wrote for the Kansas City Star. He once said, "On the star you were forced to learn to write a simple declarative sentence. This is useful to anyone. Newspaper work will not harm a young writer and could help him if he gets out of it in time."
After High School...
Hemingway's first love. He met her when he was healing from his wounds in Milan. They got engaged, but she later left Hemingway for another man. This influenced his novel
A Farewell to Arms.
Agnes von Kurowsky
After the war...
He moved back to the United States and began working for the Toronto Star at the young age of 20. In Chicago, Hemingway later met his first wife, Hadley Richardson. He moved to Paris and became a war correspondent for the Star. He and Hadley had a son in 1923, John Hadley Nicanor Hemingway.
The Sun Also Rises
, considered one of his greatest works. It examines the postwar disillusionment of his generation. The main character is a wounded war veteran (common in Hemingway's stories).
Personal Life in
After the publication of
The Sun Also Rises
, Hemingway and Hadley divorced. He had met another woman, Pauline Pfeiffer, and had an affair with her. She became Hemingway's second wife. They had 2 children together.
Hemingway finally won the Pulitzer Prize for his novel
Old Man and the Sea
. It is a novel about a man, Santiago, and a giant marlin fish he catches.
Hemingway and Gelhorn
People who knew him...