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Transcript of Jean Rosenthal
is most well known for:
"Through the course of her career, Jean Rosenthal made the
a crucial member of the production team."
MY FAVORITE THINGS ABOUT MISS ROSENTHAL
Her Romanian-Jewish background
Born in my birthday month, March
She designed the lighting for one of my most favorite movies:
The Sound of Music
Fiddler on the Roof
Called her crew of electricians
“darling” and “honey.”
MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE THEATER:
A pioneer of theatrical lighting design
new position in theater called:
Her use of light revolutionized the art of theatrical lighting. Because she was able to "create an atmosphere unique to each show" she was one of the most in-demand Broadway lighting designers of her time.
- Mary Callahan Boone -
Born in New York City on March 16, 1912 as Eugenia Rosenthal
Parents were Drs. Pauline and Maurice Rosenthal
From Romanian-Jewish descent
Died on May 1, 1969 from cancer at the age of 57
Raquel Davis; Stage Lighting, BSU
Ethical Culture School in the Bronx
Manumit School in Pawling, NY
Learned how to open a chicken
coop door w/o scaring the chickens
(important in theater).
Friends Seminary in Manhattan
Had "difficulty fitting in" and barely
graduated at 16
Neighborhood Playhouse studying acting and dance
Grades too low for regular college so enrolled at NP
Became technical director for Martha Graham during the 1929-1930 academic year
Designed the lighting for 53 dances (1936-1969)
Yale University School of Drama from 1931-1934
George Mason University. Libraries. Special Collections & Archives (sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/ftpphoto.html
Jewish Women's Archive:
New York Times, Oct. 17, 2013
JEAN ROSENTHAL PICTURES
The New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, Vandamm Theatrical Photograph Collection, Billy Rose Theatre Division (http://hyperallergic.com/85662/stunning-photographs-of-early-20th-century-theater-in-new-york/)
FEDERAL THEATRES, NY
1933-1936 Technical Assistant
MERCURY THEATRE, NY
1937-1941 Production Manager
[ It's thought that she designed the lighting for
eight of their productions ]
THEATRE PRODUCTION SERVICE, INC. (TPS)
1941; theatrical supply house (mail-order catalog)
JEAN ROSENTHAL ASSOCIATES
1958; theatrical consulting firm
[ Involved in nearly 30 architectural projects (Guthrie Theatre, American Shakespeare Festival, Julliard School of Music etc.) ]
Started in late 1950's, but written during her long hospital stays during 1968
Published in 1972 (3 years after her death)
Currently out of print. First Edition selling on Amazon for over $235
The Magic of Light
"the first professional stage lighting designer"
during her time working with the well-known Orson Wells in both the Federal and Mercury Theater's.
She designed the lighting for
over 300 productions.
West Side Story 1957
The Sound of Music, 1959
Fiddler on the Roof, 1964
Hello Dolly! 1964
Fiddler on the Roof opened in 1964 as a blockbuster success
Initial production played 3,242 times ending in 1972
Last Broadway show to credit Jean Rosenthal with Lighting Design.
Her goal was to "'make the actor appear "jewel-like.'"
She sought to produce light and shade with no shadows.
Elimination of shadows
Dramatic side light to sculpt dancers bodies
Expanded the designer's vocabulary
Organized approach to lighting
POINT OF INTEREST I DISCOVERED
One of President Roosevelt's New Deal Programs
Employment for artists, writers, and performers during the Great Depression
Only federally sponsored and subsidized theater program in the United States
FEDERAL THEATRES 1935-1939
New York City Ballet (1948-1957)
Martha Graham Dance Company ('34-'69)
American Ballet Theatre (1960-1968)
New York City Opera (1950-1954)
Dallas Civic Opera
American Shakespeare Festival ('55-'59)
She thought her best work was done for the Dance, Opera and Drama institutions because she had more time to create.
inventive ~ imaginative ~ experimental ~ unconventional
Errand into the Maze (1947)
Stage crew portrait for “Macbeth” (1941)
Jean Rosenthal, Lighting Designer
Carl Van Vechten
Carl Van Vechten
West Side Story