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Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

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by

Ayesha Bashir

on 23 August 2013

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Transcript of Present Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Ayesha Bashir (roll no.3)
Semester 8th

Present Simple and Continuous Tense
Present Simple Tense
We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
Present Continuous Tense
Present Continuous Tense



Formulation
(Affirmative form)
(sub+verb/s,es+ rest of the sentence)
I
You
We
They
or any plural noun
He
She
It
or any singular noun
work
work
s
in an office.
Present Simple Tense

Formulation

(Negative form)


(sub+auxiliary( do/does+not)+verb+rest of the sentence)
I
You
We
They
He
She
It
do
not
work
does
not
work
in an office.
Present Simple Tense

Formulation

(Interrogative form: YES/NO questions)


(do/does(auxiliary)+sub+verb+rest of the sentence)
Do
I
Do
you
Do
we
Do
they
Does
He
Does
She
Does
it
work
work
in an office?
Present Simple Tense

Formulation

(WH questions)
(WH word+do/does(auxiliary)+sub+v+rest of the sentence)
Where do I
Where do you
Where do we
Where do they
Where does He
Where does She
Where does it
work?
We use THE PRESENT SIMPLE:
-to express habitual actions/ routines

-to express general facts

-to talk about situation that are parmennant.

-with certain time expressions/adverbs of frequency

always, usually, often sometimes,
occasionally, rarely/seldom, never

-for fixed future events (e.g schedules, timetables)

-with verbs expressing like or dislike other emotions

love, like, dislike, hate, want, need,
prefer, care etc.
-To express habitual actions/ routines
Garfield's routine
Everyday Garfield wake
s
up at 10 a.m.
Garfield brushe
s
his teeth.
Garfield has a breakfast.
Garfield has a lunch at 1.10 p.m.
He play
s
computer games.
Garfield has dinner with Odie.
Garfield watch
es
television.
Finally he go
es
to bed.
We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
-
to express general facts
We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
-for statements that are always true
The sun rise
s
in the East.
Water boil
s
when it is heated.
The earth move
s
round the sun.
We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
-with certain time expressions
Every day, Every month, every Year, on sunday, at the weekend.
Her grandpa goes on a walk every day.
Always, normally,sometime,usually,generally,often,rarely, never etc.
They sometime play cricket.
-adverbs of frequency
We use THE PRESENT SIMPLE:
-with certain time expressions

We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
-for fixed future events (e.g schedules, timetables)
The train leave
s
Lahore at 11.30 .
My English class start
s
in a few weeks.
The concert begin
s
at 7:30 and end
s
at 9:30.

We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
- with verbs expressing like or dislike other emotions
love, like, dislike, hate, want, need,
prefer, care etc.
She like
s
reading short stories.
Sana enjoy
s
listening to music.
Present Continuous Tense
Formulation
(affirmative)

sub+auxiliary(is/am/are)+verb I+ing+rest of the sentence
am
is
are
I
He
She
You
We
They
Wearing a new dress.
Present Continuous Tense
Formulation
(Negative)

sub+auxiliary(is/am/are)+not+verb I+ing+rest of the sentence
I
He
She
They
You
We
am not
is not
are not
Wearing a new dress
Present Continuous Tense
Formulation


(Interrogative)

auxilliary(is/am/are)+sub+verb I+ing+rest of the sentence
Is
Are
I
He
she
They
We
you
Wearing a new dress?
We Use Present Continuous tense for
-Action happening at the moment.
We
are
study
ing
the present continuous now.
Right now I
am
cook
ing
supper.
We
are
hav
ing
lunch.
The kids
are
sleep
ing
.
We Use Present Continuous tense For:
-Planned future events(usually in the near future)
We Use Present Continuous tense for
-when we are in the middle of something but not actually doing it at the moment of speaking.
-We
are
leav
ing
tomorrow.


-We
are
mov
ing
to Packard street this week.


-I
am
meet
ing
Sobia this afternoon.


-He
is
not go
ing
to the party tonight.
I'm getting late. I am going to go now. we
are
work
ing
on a project.
Present continuous tense
Present Simple Tense
Ali
Sana
Dog
-to talk about situations in life that last a relatively long time or that are permanent.
We use PRESENT SIMPLE:
She live
s
in Mardan.
He work
s
as a fireman.
We use Present Continuous Tense for:
I'm riding a bike to get to work because my car is broken.
Temporary Action

(His car will soon be repaired)
She is living in Muree nowadays.
Temporary Action
(She is there only for summer vacation).
-activities continuing only for a limited period of time
Present simple Vs Present continuous tense
Present Simple Tense
Am
Picture Description: What are they doing?
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