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ADJECTIVES / ADVERBS

Formation of adverbs.Comparative /superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs
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Olga Pileckiene

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of ADJECTIVES / ADVERBS

Comparative and superlative forms
of two-syllable adjectives
These adjectives can be used with
-er
-est
or
Two-Syllable Adjective

ClE-VER
gentle
gentler = more gentle
the most gentle = the gentlest

friendly
friendlier = more friendly
the friendliest = the most friendly
quiet quieter the quietest
quiet more quiet the most quiet

Simple simpler the simplest
simple more simple the most simple

Polite politer the politest
polite more polite the most polite
COMPARATIVE /SUPERLATIVE
FORMS OF ADVERBS
They are the same as for adjectives:
Add -
er
or
-est
to short adverbs
Adverb

Comparative

Superlative

hard harder the hardest
late later the latest
fast faster the fastest
Examples:
Jim works harder than his brother.
Jim works
harder
than his brother.



works how?
Everyone in the race ran
fast
, but John ran
the fastest
of all.
ran how?
with adverbs ending in
-ly
,
use
more
for the comparative
and

the most
for the superlative:
Adverb Comparative Superlative

quietly more quietly the most quietly
slowly more slowly the most slowly
seriously more seriously the most seriously
Examples:
The teacher spoke
more slowly
to help us to understand.
Could you sing
more quietly
please?
Some adverbs have
irregular
comparative forms:
Adverb Comparative Superlative
badly worse the worst
far farther the fartherst
little less the least
well better the best
many more the most
much more the most
Example:
The little boy ran
further
than his friends.
You're driving
worse
today than yesterday !
Adjectives can be
used with
more - the most
-less - the least

Hardly
” means
not much, almost no, almost none
It is not the adverb from “
hard”
.


Lately
” means
recently
.
It is not the adverb from “
late
”.
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/200/grammar/adjadv1.htm
PRACTISE :
http://a4esl.org/q/h/9901/gc-advadj.html
She
thinks

fast
.

Fast
answers the question
how
,
so it is an adverb

in this sentence.
But
fast
never has an
-ly
attached to it.

We performed bad/
badly.

Badly
describes
how
we performed.
It is an adverb.
She feels
bad
/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers
,
so it's an adjective.

The towel feels
soft.
It isn't using fingers,
somebody is touching it


The word
good
is
an adjective,
while
well
is
an adverb.

Examples:

You did
a good job.
Good
describes
the job.

You
did
the job
well.
Well
answers
how.
1. Adjectives such as
beautiful, nice
, and
red
describe
nouns
. He is a
nice

boy
.
2. Adverbs such as
quickly, badly
, or
warmly
describe
verbs:
He
speaks

quickly.
3. Adverbs also describe
adjectives:
He is

extremelly
clever
.
4. Adverbs describe
adverbs
as well:
He works
very

hard
.

Make
adverbs from adjectives.
Adverbs are usually made from adjectives, by adding
-LY
.

Examples:

Adjective
Ann is beautiful.
The room is warm.
The car is slow.

Adjective - Adverb

good well
early early
fast fast
late late
hard hard
far far
Adjectives and Adverbs
http://www.freeclubweb.com/powerpoints/languagearts/adjectives-adverbs.html
Read and Learn
a)- Adjective ending in
- y

Change
Y
to
I
and add
-LY
=
- ILY

How to make the adverb
:
heavy - heav
ily
happy - happ
ily
lazy - laz
ily
c) adjectives ending in
-le
drop
-e
and add
-ly

comfortab
le
- comfortab
ly
These verbs of the senses
express passive actions.
A nose, a tongue, eyes
are not used. After them we use adjectives.

smell
- kvepėti; atsiduoti, smirdėti, dvokti,
taste
- turėti skonį,
look
- atrodyti,
Examples:
Roses smell
sweet
/sweetly.

Do the roses
actively smell with noses
?
No, so
no -ly
.
The woman looked
angry
/angrily.
Did the woman
actively look with eyes
or

are we describing her appearance?

We
are only describing appearance,
so it's an adjective.
The woman looked angry
/angrily
at the paint splotches.
Here the woman
actively looked with eyes
,
so the
-ly
is added. It's an adverb.

splotch,splodge -
šnek. (dažų, purvo, riebalų ir pan.)

dėmė
b) adjectives with
-ic
add the
-ally

automat
ic -
automatic
ally
dramat
ic -
dramatic
ally

BUT:
public
-publi
cly
http://www.dowlingcentral.com/MrsD/quizzes/grammar/GammaExer/adjoradv.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/adjectives_adverbs/adjective_adverb.htm
http://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/exercises/adjectives_and_adverbs_ex2.htm

There’s
hardly
any tea left.
Hardly
anyone has bothered to reply.
She
hardly
ever calls me (= almost never).
We
hardly
know each other.
Hardly
a day goes by without my thinking of her (= I think of her almost every day).
Have you seen her
lately
?
It’s only
lately
that she’s been well enough to go out.
If a word answers the question
how
,
it is an adverb.
Rule 1
She thinks slow
/slowly.
She thinks
how?
slowly.
Examples:
She is a
slow
/slowly thinker.
Slow
does not answer
how
,
so no
-ly
is attached.
Slow

is an adjective here.
Rule 2
When
a nose, a tongue, eyes
are being used actively, use the adverb after the verbs of sense:
taste -
(pa)ragauti
smell

-
uostyti, kvėpinti
look

-
pa)žiūrėti, (pa)žvelgti
I feel
well.
well
means
“healthy”
It's an adjective.
He speaks English
well
.
He speaks
(
how?
) well
.
Well
is an adverb
describing the verb
speaks
If you are recovering
from a long illness and
someone is inquiring
about your health
,
it's appropriate to say,
“I feel well.”
If you're just describing yourself
on a good day
and nobody's asking about your health, a more appropriate response is, “
I feel good.

but

Superlative Form

the cleverest - the most clever
Comparative Form

cleverer - more clever
Comparative / Superlative forms
good - better - the best
bad - worse - the worst
much - more - the most
many - more - the most
a lot of-more - the most
little - less - the least
far - further - the furthest
Irregular adjectives
far

-an adjective -
tolimas, tolus, nutolęs ;

far- an adverb -
toli,žymiai, daug, labiau
http://motivatedgrammar.wordpress.com/2011/08/18/on-feeling-good-well-bad-or-badly/
For those
who wants
to know more
http://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=EHeG7PD2_mU
2'11
There are some exceptions:
Adverb
Ann sings beautiful
ly
.
Joe smiles warm
ly
.
Ann drives slow
ly
.
nice - nice
ly

BUT:
true
-
tru
ly
Some other endings:
Examples:
how ?
1. I think he is a good teacher.
He teaches well.
2. He drives carefully but
he makes some bad mistakes.
3. He is an excellent player.
He moves quickly.
4. He drives dangerously.
He is a stupid driver.
Practice
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/exercises
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/adverbs/form-exercises
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/adverbs/compare-exercises
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/adverbs/exercises?02
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/adverbs/exercises
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/adjectives-adverbs/three-pigs
http://www.english-4u.de/comparison_ex1.htm
http://www.english-4u.de/adj_adv_ex1.htm
http://www.english-4u.de/adj_adv_ex2.htm
5.They are rich and powerful people.
6. This car is expensive.
7. They don't live expensively.
8. We are happy.
The movie ends happily.
9. The cheese tastes awful.
10. Its taste is horrible.
11. There are some hungry dogs.
They're eating hungrily.
12. Her voice is beautiful.
She sings beautifully.
13. She speaks English fluently.
Her English is fluent.
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/adjectives_adverbs/adverb_form.htm

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/adjectives_adverbs/adjective_adverb.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/adjectives_adverbs/adjective_adverb2.htm
1.Fill in the adjectives and adverbs:
For more exercises look at GRAMMAR SPECTRUM 1 ELEMENTARY, PAGE 89
Write the comparatives:

1.happily - more happily
2.softly -
3.early -
4.beautifully -
5.carefully -
6.intelligently -
Make comparative/superlative forms of adverbs:

1.Steve works (hard) of all the students.
2. Ann is dancing (elegantly) than her friend.
3. Peter drives (badly) than Steve.
4. He swims (fast) of all the boys in our class.


6. He feels tired because he has worked . (hard-hardly)
7. He feels tired because he hasn't worked yet. (hard-hardly)
8. We are walking in a street. (quiet-quietly)
9. She speaks. (quiet-quietly)
10. He is not good at speaking but he writes. (good- ...)
11. You should speak more . (soft- ...)
Use the correct form of the words in brackets:

12. The towel feels. (soft)
13.He doesn’t know where we live. (exact)
14. The brave men fight . (brave)
15. She looks . (pretty)
16. The children sometimes behave . (bad)
17.They live together . (happy)

Adjectives
Adverbs
1.Fill in the adjectives and adverbs:
Adjectives
Adverbs
Rewrite these sentences using an adverb instead of an adjective.
Steve is a bad football player.
He plays football badly.
1. My sister is a good skier.
She skies ... .
2. My brother is a fast swimmer.
He swims ... .
3. A snail is a slow walker.
It ... ... .
4. She is a wonderful singer.
She ... ... .
5. They are hard workers.
They ... ... .

Rewrite these sentences using an adverb instead of an adjective.
Steve is a bad football player.
He plays football badly.

5. They are hard workers.
They ... ... .
6.They are excellent players.
They ... ... .
7. He is a terrible story-teller.
He ... ... ... .
Task 1
Task 2
Task 3
Task 4
Task 5
http://www.search.ask.com/search?o=APN10277&gct=sb&q=youtube+adverbs+and+adjectives&tpr=10&ctype=videos
Video lessons.
http://www.search.ask.com/search?ctype=videos&o=APN10277&gct=sb&ts=1423940417910&tpr=10&q=youtube%20adverbs%20and%20adjectives%20comparative&page=2&pToken=CAoQAA&ots=1423940451069
Adverb song "Do you qualify?"
3'56
http://www.search.ask.com/search?ctype=videos&o=APN10277&gct=sb&ots=1423940696866&tpr=7&q=youtube+adverbs+and+adjectives+comparative
Comparative and superlative of adjectives and adverbs
9'01
Use the correct form of the words in brackets. Write
adj.
for adjectives,
adv.
for adverbs next to each sentence
http://www.search.ask.com/search?ctype=videos&o=APN10277&gct=sb&ots=1423940696866&tpr=7&q=youtube+adverbs+and+adjectives+comparative
32'08
Comparative & superlative adjectives and adverbs
Full transcript