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The Roman Home

The Roman Home
by

Asma Awad

on 14 March 2011

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Transcript of The Roman Home

Structure of the Roman Home Culina Cubiculum Latrina Peristylium Tablinum Triclinium Taberna Atrium Know first... Asma Awad Margo Dimalanta The place a Roman lived depended on his/her class in society. Insula = Apartment Domus = House Villa = Farmhouse ( You already knew that :) Cooking took place on top of the stove, wood or charcoal was used for fuel. Bronze pots and pans were placed on iron braziers over a small fire.
Typical Roman houses did not have a toilet but some lucky Romans had the luxury to have a toilet usually located in the kitchen. The toilet in the Roman home. Usually, people used the public bathrooms; only the rich had these.
Some sources say that the toilet was usually in the kitchen. Others say it could have been a room in itself next to the kitchen, and there was plumbing to dump the waste out This was equivalent to what we call a dining room today.
The tables had removoable tops, so the top would be removed after each course.
The triclinium was named after the three couches typically found in the dining rooms of upper-class Romans. Small rooms (most often bedrooms) which were placed along both sided of the atrium. These were mainly used for sleeping- aside from the tablinum, the master bedroom.
To the Romans these rooms were apparently of less importance than the other rooms of the house. The ceilings were vaulted and lower above the bed, often making the room appear a cramped and stuffy place.
Outlined spot on the floor for the bed.
Sometimes in front of the bedroom there was a small antechamber, the procoeton, where a personal servant would sleep. The formal entrance hall of the domus.
Had a square opening to light it, called a compluvium.
In the center, there was a pool to catch the rain. Sometimes the pool had a fountain. The water always remaind clead because it had a gutter that drained it into the street as a filter.
Rain water was stored in a cistern. Small shop in front of the house.
Sometines they had living quarters attached, but usually had lofts for sleeping in.
A home owner would have these shops out facing the street, and would even rent them out to others. This is the master's office, or study in a Roman home.
It was a room open on two sides, though both sides.
In this room the family records were stored; here was the chest containing family finances. Here also elite families would display the imagines, busts of famous ancestors.
The master of the house, the paterfamilias, would greet his many clients on their morning visits
The tablinum often had an attractive mosaic floor and wall paintings Hagia Sophia, Turkey The Kaaba (black cube), is the most sacred site in Islam Hajj pilgrims visit this place. Thank you! The Roman Home Vestibulum Entrance hall
A Roman house did not open directly onto the road, but into this small passage way. Ala The alae (alae is the plural of ala, the word ala means 'wing') were the open rooms on each side of the atrium.
Their use is largely unknown today.
The alae had windows to allow light to enter the house. The peristylium was in effect the garden of the house. Though in the case of the Roman house, it was incorporated into the house itself and was usually surrounded by columns supporting the roof.
In it were grown herbs and flowers, particularly roses, violets and lilies it appears.
Small statues and statuettes and other ornamental artwork or outdoor furniture would adorn the space which, on sunny days, would be used as an outside dining area. The Roman Domus Vocabulary

1.Taberna—Shop
2.Vestibulum—Entrance Hall
3.Atrium—Formal Entrance Hall
4.Cubiculum—Room
5.Ala—Wings Opening Around Bedroom
6.Triclinium-- Dining Room
7.Tablinum—Office
8.Culina—Kitchen
9.Peristilium—Colonnaded Garden
10.Exedra—Garden Room
11.Impluvium (Pool)
12.Latrina—Bathroom
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