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REDD+ in Kenya

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by

ilaria dalla vecchia

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of REDD+ in Kenya


local, national, international laws
Tenure Rights
Carbon Credits Rights
socio-economic informations
project actors
key areas environmental feasibility:
pre-budget plan
financial alternative scenario "Helping a neighbour is not an option, it's a duty. Assistentialism is the wrong part of it “ (Dankan Othieno, 2011).
additionality
baseline scenario
CO2 fixation
permanence
leakage
PFMP under development
NTFPs training and sensitization
CBFM implementation (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr Main objective:
Pre-feasibility study of a REDD+ project
at the very beginning in Wire Forest 1) different aspects that need to be considered at the very beginning 2) key aspects that could help or hinder the project voluntary/ institutional market
carbon credits
land tenure socio-operational
feasibility community dependency
limited participation
interest sites environmental feasibility essential services
no biodiversity assessment
forest threats financial feasibility start up costs
hybrid-nested approach additionality
no clear baseline
no leakage activities
permanence risks
carbon fixation PFMP
NTFPs
CFA restructuring is the project moving away other activities? 4) leakage 1) additionality 2) baseline scenario 3) CO2 fixation 5) permanence are the same project results happening without REDD+ activities? what is the present forest situation? how many CO2 tonnes will be fixed in the future? is the project lasting over the time? socio-operational feasibility: physical parameters
Wire Forest biodiversity
forest threats financial feasibility: institutional feasibility: critical aspects: positive aspects: OBJECTIVES METHODOLOGY focus group
transect walk
interest sites mapping





transect walk
stakeholders
direct observation
semi-structured interviews
participatory mapping
REDD+ literature (UNFCCC, FCPF)
carbon projects (VCS, CCB)
Participatory Wire Forest Management Plan Draft (PFMP) 3) data analysis 1) secondary sources 2) primary sources compare, rank, link
stakeholders matrix
transect walk matrix Ad hoc
participatory mapping guidelines: Ad hoc matrix for collecting data: THE CASE STUDY KENYA 3 467 000 ha of forest area
2% forest land
1999 ban to export timber
ownership under local authority
80% population use biomass energy
Forest Act 2005
Forest Rules 2009
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility with World Bank since 2008 RESULTS WIRE FOREST Lake Victoria
Nyanza Province
Ranchuonyo South District
Kasipul Division 3 big locations:
Kachien
West Kamagak
North Kamagak Wire Forest sublocations Wire Forest Ranchuonyo District WIRE FOREST 400 ha of forest
20% of canopy cover
forest history
77% district population living below povery line
CEFA Sustainable Forest Management (2010-2013) RESULT 1: INSTITUTIONAL FEASIBILITY forest under Ranchuonyo County Council
Carbon Credits shared between KFS (Kenya Forest Service) and CFA (Community Forest Association)
intermediate State or NGOs KFS CFA Carbon
Credits Readiness Action Voluntary Certification RESULT 2: SOCIO-OPERATIONAL FEASIBILITY socio-economic analysis total population 47.000
household size is 8 people
low education level
lack of water access
farming and petty activities forest use characteristics forest users
forest resources
interest sites stakeholders analysis rights, responsabilities, benefits
primary stakeholders: KFS, CFA
secondary stakeholders: credit buyers, donors, NGOs, KEFRI, NEMA RESULT 3: ENVIRONMENTAL FEASIBILITY Physical parameters 400 ha of forest
1350 - 1665 m a.s.l
sub-humid/ semi-humid
agro-climatic zones
two raining seasons
highly productive soil
semi- catchment of River Awach
many seasonal water sources Flora and fauna 20 % of canopy cover
80 % open woodland
exotic species
indigenous species under regeneration
mammals, birds, resptiles, insects Forest threats RESULT 4: FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY qualitative pre-budget plan
hybrid-nested approach WB
EU $$$ go projects private buyers $$$
+ flexibility
+ experience and data sharing
+ scaling up - MRV harmonization
- property rights
- time frame past present future time forest
degradation 155 CO2 tonnes/ha 241 CO2 tonnes/ha high low KEY ASPECTS (1) additionality baseline
scenario CO2 fixation permanence leakage woody above-ground biomass
IPCC 2006 values
conservative method
project management, project longevity
land tenure, community engagement
fire, extreme weather 48.5% of risks (internal, external, natural) mature plantation trees
private woodlots
buffer zones
law enforcement
no farming firewood, charcoal, timber, livestock, settlements, farming? KEY ASPECTS (2) DISCUSSION key aspects institutional
feasibility CONCLUSIONS where we are? where we want to be? how do we get there?
comprehensive knowledge
local communities involvement
hybrid-nested approach
pilot project
NGOs with a minimum 3 years experience Thank you for your attention ! REDD+ RESULT 1: INSTITUTIONAL FEASIBILITY
RESULT 2: SOCIO-OPERATIONAL FEASIBILITY
RESULT 3: ENVIRONMENTAL FEASIBILTY
RESULT 4: FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY
KEY ASPECTS
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