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Life in Alabama during the 1930's
Transcript of Life in Alabama during the 1930's
Alabama: an introduction
Life for people in poor conditions and poverty.
Dust Bowl Drought in Alabama
Crops and Farming.
Alabama is known as the "cotton state" because its main crop is cotton. During this time, Alabama had over four million acres of cotton plantations.
The main dairy products in Alabama were eggs and milk
-During the early Great Depression, poverty and racial segregation were raging throughout the states
-Alabama was ranked the seventh poorest state in the country.
- 8 of the 100 poorest counties in the country were in Alabama.
Almost all blacks were living in poverty or were poor. Approximately 10% of the white population in Alabama had neither land nor possessions such as horses or farm equipment.
Most of the children ages 12 to 17 who lived in poverty had jobs as brick layers, painters, clerks, and other low paying labors. One of the best jobs a black could get was to be a nurse. In 1940, a statewide survey of rural Alabama valued the homes or dwellings that white people were living in at only $681 and the homes of black people around $340. Only about 1.4% of all these houses had running water. 11.6% of people owned a refrigerator in which during the time, 44% of all people in the United States of America owned one., 19% a radio, and .7% owned a flushing toilet.
Poverty in Alabama(cont.)
Sharecroppers were people who did not own the land that they worked on. They mostly farmed on those properties. They then would have to give lots of their crops or income to the person who owned that piece of land. Sharecropping was a very hard life, and only a few made it through.
Sharecroppers were people who did not own the land that they worked on. They mostly farmed on those properties. They then would have to give a high percentage of their crops or income to the person who owned that piece of land. Sharecropping was a very hard life, and only a few made it through.
This is Alabama
-As seen in the map Alabama was affected by side affects of the Dust Bowl, the state was undergoing a moderate to severe drought during 1934.
Segregation in Alabama during the 1930's was as bad as or worse than segregation in other states. The 1901 constitution of Alabama was based on white supremacy. There were separate public facilities such as water fountains, schools, restaurants and theaters. There were also many black labor laws in effect at the time, which prevented blacks from having high ranking jobs. Interracial relationships and interracial marriages were prohibited.
Life for people in poor conditions or poverty.(continued)
100% fo the counties in Alabama had a poverty rate of 20% or more. In the 1930's the whole education system was in horrible condition, even worse for blacks living in rural areas. During this time, people would waste nothing, they would even eat chicken gizzard soup.
Many of these people lived on powdered milk only. Some of the farmers in the rural areas lived of selling eggs.
There was a large fishing sector in Alabama at the time. The main catch in that sector was catfish. Cattle farming was also a large part in the food production system of Alabama.
- Alabama's capital is Montgomery
- Here on the east side of Alabama near Chambers county is where the Dust Bowl drought affected the state the most.
- Alabama is nicknamed the "cotton state"
- The state bird is the yellowhammer(Norther Flicker)
-Alabama's state flower is the Camelia
Dwelling or homes in Alabama in the 1930's were horrible. There were some houses where people lived under a tarp, and thats it. The steelmill workers houses were absolutely horrible, they had absolutely no yard, were right next to the mill, and were very drab and blank.
Steel mill homes in Birmingham, Alabama