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Subcultures in the Deaf Community
Transcript of Subcultures in the Deaf Community
November 15,2012- Fall Semester What is a subculture ?
Types of subcultures within the Deaf Community
Hard of Hearing (HOH)
How they help create the Deaf Community
Urban Light Analogy
Works Cited Table of Contents According to the published thesis "Building Order: Culture and History" a subculuture is defined to be a set of values, behaviors,and physical artifacts of a group that distinguish themselves from a larger culture.
So in other words... It is like taking a light bulb and taking it apart piece by piece and figuring out the inner workings that produce light. What is a Subculture ? Types of subcultures within the Deaf Community It was supported by Alexander Graham Bell because of the method of instruction. It emphasized deaf children to use speech and lipreading. He believed that if he could push this sense of teaching it could make up for there "defect."
People who consider themselves to be oralists don't necessarily agree with the views of Bell, but rely more on there sense of sight and being able to read lips. Just like any subculture they don't label themselves as oralists, it is more so the methodology behind teaching ways to communicate. Oralism As we all know manualism uses signs as a way to communicate. Unlike oralism it uses little or no emphasis on speech or lipreading.
Just like the people who were taught orally to communicate, people within the manualist community don't label themselves as a manualist. Although both subcultures rely on just about the same senses to communicate; both sides debate on the opponent's stylistic approach to the hearing, to the wider culture and so on and so forth.
This video is about the Manualism Unlike the other two, we don't hear about HOH as much because of the fact that people who are typically can hear specific frequencies and sounds depending on the range of volume.
What makes HOH people distinct from the others is that, it depending on the person and the severity of their hearing loss results on how combine both the manualist and oralistic ideals to go about their daily routines. By relying on hearing aids, lip reading and the occasional use of sign language go out life just like any of us do Hard of Hearing (HOH) It's pretty self evident how these subcultures come together to be part of such an amazing community. Each individual within the subcultures that make up the Deaf community are the thresholds that essentially motivate others to keep on going. How they help create the Deaf Community So your probably asking as to why I kept referring to light bulbs and how each one produces light and what not. Well, in front of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art a sculptor by the name of Chris Burden made an assemblage named "Urban Light," made of 202 restored 1920 and 1930 street lamps. Each lamp being different from the one beside it. But from all different angles some lamps resemble others, just like subcultures within a community of people. Then when all the street lights are illuminated at dusk, "they come together" like a community, to create art. Urban Light Analogy A Silent Minority. (n.d.). UC Press E-Books Collection, 1982-2004. Retrieved from http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft338nb1x6&chunk.id=nsd0e100&toc.id=endnotes&brand=ucpress
Boggs, L. (2007, November 26). American Sign Language (ASL) "Deaf Education". ASL American Sign Language. Retrieved from http://www.lifeprint.com/asl101/topics/education_deaf_01.htm
Deaf or Hard of Hearing. (n.d.). University of Washington. Retrieved from http://www.washington.edu/doit/Faculty/Strategies/Disability/Hearing/
Flickr: burden lacma Timeline. (n.d.). Dipity - Find, Create, and Embed Interactive Timelines. Retrieved from http://www.dipity.com/tickr/Flickr-burden-lacma/
Manualism and Oralism - AllDeaf.com. (n.d.). Deaf Chat | People Deaf Culture - AllDeaf.com. Retrieved from http://www.alldeaf.com/sign-language-oralism/44588-manualism-oralism.html
Newman (2007, December 18). Building Order: Culture and History. SAGE - the natural home for authors, editors and societies. SAGE is a leading international publisher of journals, books, and electronic media for academic, educational, and professional markets: Welcome to Sage. Retrieved from http://www.sagepub.com/upm-data/23949_Page_97.pdf
Works Cited http://www.ehow.com/how_4798212_light-bulb-work-battery.html The Deaf community just like any other one in this world breaks down into a million and one different types of cultures within this wide melting pot that they have adapted into. The most common subcultures that most people within the Deaf Culture identify with is the Manualism, Oralism and Hard of Hearing otherwise known as HOH subcultures.
So referring back to the analogy I made in the prior slide, these cultures are like the support wires and filaments used to make a light bulb function http://www.123rf.com/photo_4396088_pile-of-light-bulbs.html http://www.dipity.com/tickr/Flickr-burden-lacma/ http://minimalexposition.blogspot.com/2010/11/chris-burden-urban-light.html http://theviewfromutah.blogspot.com/ http://thestudio4art.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/burdenlacma_02.jpeg http://www.specialeducationadvisor.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/hard-of-hearing.jpg http://www.grobe-bilder.com/grobe-bilder-blog/files/0181_los_angeles_lacma_urban_light_sculpture_night_moon_michael-grobe-bilder_mg_5030-edit.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_GIchwvJ-aNk/THQarMbYxGI/AAAAAAAAUEw/bji41oYdJAY/s800/Urban+Light+lamposts+night.jpg