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Transcript of Lit200
Sa imong mga bestida;
Kinsa'y imong padad-on?
Si Undo imong pamanhon.
Undo, ayaw'g awaya
Si Inday imong asawa;
Imo ganing awayon,
Ako man siyang bawion.
Unsaon ninyo pagbawi?
Kinasal kami sa pari;
Unsaon ninyo pagboyboy?
Inaslan kami ug baboy.
Ay, ay, pagkakapoy
Puston sa pinong ginit,
Lugpitan sa dakong kahoy;
Puston sa dakung dahon,
Sa baybay kaon-kaonon. Literatures of
Region VII - Central Visayas Notable Writers of Central Visayas. . . . . Siquijor. . . . Cebu . . . . Guitar Capital Mangoes Magellan's Cross Mactan Battle Bohol is an island province of the Philippines located in Central Visayas
Region, specifically south of Cebu Island. It can be reached by air via the airport of Tagbilaran City or by sea through the seaport of the same city. Topography consists of hills in the interior part of the province but wide flat lands can be found in the east and west coast. It has several short rivers. Rainfall is evenly distributed through out the year.
Farming and fishing are the main economic acticities of the people.
The people of Bohol are called Boholanos.
1.Carlos P. Garcia - 8th President of the Philippines
2.Napoleon Abueva - 1976 National Artist for Sculpture
3.Nonito Donaire - Boxer from the municipality of Talibon
4.Luke Mejares - Band Member, Singer
5.Yoyoy Villame - popular singer from Calape
6.Rich Asuncion - Movie and television actress, Beauty Queen
7.Simeon Toribio - famous pre-war olympian athlete who later became a congressman
Bohol is the tenth largest island in the Philippines. It is one of the bigger
islands in 'the Visayas', the group of islands in the center of the Philippines. Bohol is, together with 72 small islands around the main island, an island province of 4117 square kilometer. Agriculture, together with the tourism, are the two dominating economic sectors of the main island Bohol. Bohol. . . . Chocolate Hills Tarsier Loboc River
Cruise Peanut Kisses Cambugahay Falls Solili Dance Negros Oriental. . . . Bodbod Tanjay Sanduguan The province of Negros Oriental is located on the
southeastern part of Negros Island which is located west of Cebu Island. On its northeast is the province of Negros Occidental while to the southeast are the island provinces of Bohol and Siquijor. Terrain is hilly and mountainous with scattered narrow coatal flatlands. The southern part of the province is dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. The northern part, on the other hand, has no pronounced seasons: relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.
Famous people from Negros Oriental
1.Felix V. Makasiar - Supreme Court Chief Justice (1985)
2.Clara Lim Sylianco - 1994 National Scientist in chemistry
3.Eddie Romero - 2003 National Artist for cinema
The province is primarily agricultural. like its neighbor, Negros
Occidental, Sugar is the primary crop. Dumaguete Belfry Apo Island The province of Cebu is a group of islands located at the very center of the Philippine Archipelago. Its neighboring islands are Masbate in the north, Leyte in the east, Bohol in the south, and Negros in the west. The main island is approximately 250 kilometers long and 45 kilometers at its widest point. Its territories include the islands of Bantayan, Mactan, Malapascua, Camotes, Olango and other smaller islands. Hills and mountains dominate the interior landscape while the coastal areas have narrow flat lands. The northern part of the province receive rainfall the whole year round while the central and southern parts experience relative dryness from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.
Noted Personalities from Cebu
1.Sergio Osmena - President of the Republic.
2.Marcelo Fernan - Supreme Court Chief Justice (1988 - 1991), Senator
3.Hilario Davide - Supreme Court Chief Justice (1998 - 2005)
4.Mariano Jesus L. Cuenco - Senate President (1949 - 1951)
5.Casimiro Del Rosario - 1982 National Scientist
6.Redford White - Actor, Commedian
7.Marco Alcaraz - Actor
8.Manilyn Reynes - Actress, Singer
9.Vina Morales - Actress, Singer
10.Jackie Lou Blanco - Actress
11.Shaina Magdayao - Actress
12.Isabel Oli - Actress
13.Gabriel 'Flash' Elorde - One of the greatest Filipino boxers; from Bogo City
As the premier province of the south, Cebu is home to many large manufacturingenterprises. It has shipyard in Balamban town, glass factory in Mandaue City, gun industry in Danao City, electronics and timepiece factories in the Mactan Export Processing Zone of Lapu-Lapu City, and furniture plants elsewhere in Cebu. The Norkis Group of Companies have established car and motorcycle plants. Mining is an old industry in the province particularly around or the area of Toledo City. Tourism is a big time industry and still growing. Recently, the capital city of Cebu has been chosen as a top location for business process outsourcing (BPO).
The province has all the necessary infrastructure for any kind of business. Its central location in the south and its large urban population has made it the favorite location of regional offices of the country's largest corporations. It has international airport and seaport to cater to the needs of foreign investors and tourists. Its fine beaches, diving sites, and waterfalls qualify it as a tropical paradise.
The capital of Cebu island is Cebu City. Cebu City is the first Spanish settlement in the country and the oldest city in the country.
In the beginning of the 16th century the Spaniards arrived in the southern part of the Philippines. Since then Cebu City has been the centre of trade and commerce in the southern part of the Philippines. Siquijor is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. Its capital is the municipality also named Siquijor. To the northwest of Siquijor are Cebu and Negros, to the northeast is Bohol and to the south, across the Bohol Sea is Mindanao.
Siquijor is the third smallest province in the country both in terms of population and land area, after Camiguin and Batanes. For a time it was sub-province of Negros Oriental. Called Isla del Fuego of the 'Island of Fire' by the Spanish before, Siquijor is considered by many Filipinos to be a mystical island, full of witches and other supernatural phenomena. Casaroro Falls Inday, go pack
All your clothes;
Who'll carry them for you?
Call Undo, your bridegroom.
Undo, don't quarrel
With Inday, your wife;
If you'll quarrel with her,
I will come and take her back.
Oh, how can you take her back?
We were married by the priest;
How can you show regret?
We were feted with a roast pig.
Oh, oh, how hard it is
To make balanghoy;
We wrap it with fine ginit
And press it with wood.
We then sift the flour
And form it into small cakes;
We wrap it in big leaves
And we eat it by the seashore. Once there lived a couple named Juan and Juana. For a long time they were childless. When
Juana was at last with child,they were quite happy.
But in her pregnancy , Juana would become restless if she didn’t have milkfish to eat
everyday. So one afternoon, when Juan failed to catch any milkfish, he became very sad.
Suddenly Juan heard his called. He was greatly surprised when he looked down and saw a
shiny milkfish wearing a crown.
The milkfish identified himself as the King of the Fishes and he asked Juan if why he fished
only for milkfish. So, Juan told him the reason and his sorrow at that moment.
The King of the Fishes pitied Juan and promised to give Juan a plenty of milkfish everyday
but in return Juan should deliver his coming child to the him when it turns seven years old.
Because it was already getting dark and since milkfish was becoming scarce that season,
Juan finally agreed.
The King of Fishes was true to his word. Even after Juana had given birth, Juan continued to
bring home milkfish from the sea.
Their child was a lovely girl with very black hair they loved her and were very happy with
her. They called their daughter Maria.
When Maria turned seven, Juan went to see the King of the Fishes and begged him to
release him from his promise for they loved Maria very much and they can’t bear to be part with her. But the King of the Fishes firmly said that a promised is a promised. So, Juan went home with a heavy heart.
Since that day, the couple and Maria never went near to the sea.
But one day, while Juan was at farm and Juana was doing laundry in the river, there came a big wonderful boat. The people immediately flocked to the shore to see
it. Maria was alone at that time and was looking out the window. She became curious and joined the rest on the shore.
While she was watching the wonderful boat, a big wave rushed up and dragged her to the
Immediately told the parents of the incident. Juan and Juana ran to the shore but they
were too late. Maria was gone!
Every evening after that, the couple would stand by the shore and stare at the deep. They
kept hoping that Maria would return. Years passed and still they failed to see her.
But one moonlit night, there appeared before the old couple a lovely creature. She had a
very long black hair, but – while half of her body was that of a beautiful girl, the other half was that of a milkfish.
Then they knew that it was Maria, now a mermaid. The Mermaid Translated By: Erlinda K. Aburo Early Forms of Oral Literature Tigmo –Riddles. Sanglitanan – Proverbs. Duplo, Balitaw and Kulisisi – Poetic debates with wit and humor. Garay – Informal verses in couplet form. Tulindao, Daygon and Pastores – Songs to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ Pasyon, Cenaculo or Penitencia – Chants and drama performed during Lenten Season. Sinulog – A thanksgiving performance for the Sto. Niño. Gozos – Narratives about the lives of saints recited as part of a novena. Buenaventura Rodriguez
“Mini” (A Zarzuela in Cebuano) Marcel Navarra
“Father o f Modern Writing in Cebuano” – “Ug Gianod Ako” (Short Story in Cebuano), won the first prize in the first Bisaya short story writing contest in 1937. Hilda Montaire
“Ikaduhang Sugo/Higugmaa Ang Imong Isigkatawo” (Novel in Cebuano) Estrella Alfon
"Magnificence" (Short Story in English) Vicente Sotto
“Ang Pulahan” (Short Story), “Ang Pag-ibig sa Lupang Sinilangan” (A Zarzuela in Cebuano) Robert Pableo Lim
“Bahin Kang Yoyoy” (Poem in Cebuano) Piux Kabahar
“Kinabuhing Sugbuhanon” (Poem in Cebuano) Central Visayas. . . . . . . . .
Composed of Cebu, Negros Oriental, Bohol and Siquijor.
Literatures are primarily produced by writers from these 4 provinces.
Cebuano, also known as “Bisaya”, is their common language. Hispanized form of “Sugbuhanon” or “Sugboanon” which comes from the word “Sugbo”, the original name of Cebu which means “to walk in the water”.
A very historic region,Central Visayas was the setting of many early Spanish colonial milestones, from the famous battle between the victorious Kali Pula (Lapu-lapu) and Magellan in the island of Mactan, a subprovince of Cebu to the blood compact between Datu Sikatuna and Miguel Lopez de Legaspi.
Bisaya, on the other hand, may have originated from a word pertaining to slaves because the region was known to either be the target or staging area of slave raiding forays during the pre-colonial and early colonial times. It is also possible that the word Bisaya may have come from one which means beautiful uttered by a Bornean Sultan when he saw the island of Cebu. Kabayo ni Adan
Dili moka-on ug dili kabay-an.
(Kudkuran) The horse of Adam does not eat
Unless someone rides on it.
(Traditional Coconut Grater) Baboy sa lasang
Ang tunok puro lansang.
My little friend,
Who carries his house on his back.
(Turtle) Gamay kong amigo,
(Bao) Tigmo-tigmo Ta Bay! ?A wild pig in the forest
Is covered with thorny pricks.
A lively song-and-dance debate between a man and a woman is more often sung than danced. It is a Visayan art form existed before the coming of Spanish colonizers. Traditionally the song called “oyayi” and the dance “baya-i” . when the Spaniards came, they introduced the waltz which was called “valse”. The natives adapted the Spanish word “valse” to “bal” and added “tawo”, the Visayan word for people, thus, the coined word , “BALITAW” to literally mean “the dance of the people”. This debate songs are usually performed by good dancers and actors in festive celebrations. Usually they are jovial jousts on the topics love and marriage. Pasulit! Pagdangat ni ikaupat nga bahin kang papel! The original name of Cebu which means “to wade or to walk in the water”? One of the Spanish Colonizers that had a blood compact with Datu Sikatuna. Title of the Song-And-Dance Debate or Balitaw. Translated the Cebuano Folktale “The Mermaid” If the traditional song was called “Oyayi”, what do you call the traditional dance? Province in Region 7 considered by many Filipinos to be a mystical island, full of witches and other supernatural phenomena. Bridegroom of Inday. Primary crop of Negros Oriental. Notable writer of Central Visayas known for her novel “Ikaduhang Sugo/ Higugmaa Ang Imong Isigkatawo” Known as the “Queen City of the South”. •At least two characters of Ang Kataw (The Mermaid). •Four provinces of Central Visayas The King of the Fishes was a Swordfish. Inday was the wife of Undo. Thanksgiving performance for Sto. Nino. GULNOSI AYIASB Word uttered by a Bornean Sultan which means “beautiful”. Usa. Duha. Tulo. Upat. Lima. Unom. Pito. Walo. Siyam. Napulo. Unse. hangtod sa Dose. Trese. hangtod Dise-saiys. Dise-syete. Dise-otso. Dise-nuybe. Baynte. Tubag! Sugbo
Miguel Lopez de Legaspi
Inday, Pamutos Na
Erlinda K. Alburo
Cebu City Juan
King of the Fishes
Siquijor False Sinulog 1.-10. 11.-12. 13.-16. 17. 19. 18. True Bisaya 20.