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Photography Evolution

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Maddie Teklu

on 23 August 2013

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Transcript of Photography Evolution

The Evolution Of Photography
The principle of camera obscure had been described by a Chinese physicist named Mozi.
1500 AD
The first pinhole camera (also called the Camera Obscura) was invented by Alhazen.
Joseph Niépce created the first photographic image with camera obscura. The image needed eight hours of light exposure and later faded
Late 1838 till early 1839
"Boulevard du Temple" taken by Louis Daguerre was the first picture of a living person. Its exposure time was 10 mintues. The people at the bottom of the photo stood for approx. 10 mintues so there image was taken as well. Everything else that was moving outisde came out as a blur and disappeared on the photo.
Louis Daguerre publicly introduces his daguerreotype process, which produces highly detailed permanent photographs.
The first colour photo was taken by James Clerk Maxwell. The photo was of a tartan ribbon and was produce using the three-colour method.
Eadweard Muybridge makes a high-speed photographic analysis of a galloping horse. Each picture is taken in less than the two-thousandth part of a second and they constitute a brief real-time "movie".
George Eastman patents the first Kodak camera, containing a 20-foot roll of paper. Kodak then became registered as a trademark
The Raisecamera (travel camera) was invented. It was light weight and a very desirable thing for landscape photographers.
Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film
Edwin Land invented the Polaroid camera. It was able to take a photo and then print it out in approx. one minute
EG&G developed the first extreme depth underwater camera for the U.S. Navy.
"Boulevard du Temple", Paris, Ille arrondissement, Daguerreotype
The first mass-marketed 35mm still camera was developed by Oskar Barnack of German Leica Camera
Polaroid created the one-step processing with the SX-70 camera. This camera took the picture and then produced them to positves instantly.
Konica introduced the first point-and-shoot camera, Konica C35 AF. It was offically named “Jasupin”.
Sony created the first camcorder. This allowed people to capture moving images which created movies.
Fuji created the first disposable camera. These were single use camera that held there images on the film and then were developed in shops. Afterwards they would just be disposed of.
Eastman Kodak publicize Photo CD as a digital image storage facility.
Kodak created the first professional digital camera. It was great for photojournalists.
The first image scanned into a digital computer. It was accomplished by Russell Kirsch at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards.
Isaac Newton discovered that white light is composed of different colors.
Gabriel Lippmann was the inventor of a method that produced colour photography
The first camera phone is introduced by Japan Sharp's J-SH04.
Konica’s Kanpai was the first voice activated camera that would take pictures when it hear burst of sounds like laughter or cheers.
The EOS 5D was announced by Canon on the 22nd of August, 2005. It was the first full-framed digital SLR that was consumer- priced.
John W.Draper was the first person to take the first photograph of the moon.
This was the beginning of stereoscopic era.
Robert Capa, David Seymour and Henri Cartier- Bresson start the photography owned Magnum picture agency. It was world's most prestigious photographic agency after the Second World War.
On the 14th March, 1932, George Eastman wrote a suicide note--"To my friends my work is done. Why wait?"-- and shoot himself.
Fuji photo film was established in 1934. With its aim to be the first Japanese produced photographic film.
Roger Fenton was one of the first war photography's. His Crimean War photography was the first historical attempt to try and portray a war campaign.
Roger Fenton, The valley of the shadow of death
Roger Fenton,The cemetery Cathcart's Hill
Roger Fenton,Captain Bathurst, Grenadier Guards
The Kodak Brownie box roll-film camera was introduced.
Sir John F.W. Hersche was the first to use the photography". Photography means a method of recording images by the action of light on a sensitive material.
John Benjamin Dancer patented a contrivance that took two pictures simultaneously, through two lenses set remotely apart. John was the inventor of the instrument and maker of micro-photographs. Micro-photographs are photographs that are shrunk to micro scale size.
Nippon Kogaku K.K., which will eventually become Nikon, established in Tokyo.
Henri Cartier-Bresson

This photograph communicate its idea and meaning through the subject which is the happy smiling child. This picture portrays the natural state of a playful child. . A child holding two bottles of wine outside is hardly seen in modern times. The time period would be generally around the late 1980s.The genre of the photograph is street photography. This photograph belongs to this genre because it shows human activity within a public place. The photographer was able to show the child like manner of the child without it being staged. As you move away from the subject of the photo everything else starts to lose focus and is blurred. This shows that the main focus should be on the child and the rest is unwanted but is still used to give that effect.

This photograph main subject is the man with the glasses behind the white painted wooden door. This picture was taken in Spain in the Valencia arena. The man is looking out onto the ring where the bull is which indicates that this photo was taken from inside the ring. The picture seems abstract since the door is left ajar and the number seven is split into two. In the foreground there is a man dressed in the same outfit distracted by something behind the door. The man’s glasses are off-centre, with one lens transparent and the other catching light. Everything about this image is abstract including the man’s head. His body has been cut out by the gate but his body being represented by the other man at the back. The faceless man’s face is being represented by the man in the front. Everything in the image seems to be missing something or is in halves.


Aperture Comparison

This photograph main subject is Mahatma Gandhi.The photograpgh does have a bit of a blurry background which in this case gives the subject more detail. The blurrybackground allows the attention to be drawn to the subject.The black and white colouring allows the audience to perceive the picture as an old picture. The facial expression that Mahatma Gandhi is giving in this picture is smiling through the pain that he is going through at this time. This photo style is photojournalism becauseit is showing the life of a Gandhi who was a man who fought for peace in India.

This photograph shows a young girl looking beyond the camera towards her right with a women drapping her arms over the girl. The girl is in focus while the women in the background in less detail. The colour gives the photo a more sentimemtal feel with any colour taking away the attention. The lighting was very creative with the other side of the girls face begin darkended. The side that we see is lighten which is very creative.

This photograph is more to do with the depth of feild and how it seems to be in focus all the way through untill the end of the alleyway. I like how there isn't much of a subject in the photo. The lighting was done very well since the only light light really seem is out on the actually streets, so natural light would have probably been used. I dont believe there is a messaging behind this image. I believe this photo is street photography because it shows life on the streets where nothing is happening.
Henri Cartier-Bresson was born on the 22nd of August, 1908. He was born in Chanteloup, France and is thought to be a pioneer for photojournalism. He is known to be the ‘father of photography’ during his time for his photographs. He was also very famous for his “street photography” style.
At first Henri Cartier-Bresson was more fascinated in paintings then photography especially with Surrealism. Around the age of 23, Henri abandoned painting and came to realize that “photograph could fix eternity in an instant”. On the Ivory Coast in 1932, Henri discovered the Lecia which became his choice of camera along with a life-long career in photography.
Henri Cartier-Bresson was known for his “raw” photographs that showed the world what photojournalism and street photography really is. In 2003, his wife and daughters took a paramount step in securing his legacy as an artist with the engenderment of the Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson. This was an effort to save his work not only has a photography but as a painter as well. Henri died on August 3, 2004, in Montjustin, France at the age of 95.

The camera obscura works by creating an upside down image that is made by light rays passing through the small pinhole in the pringles can. This small hole allows light to travel in a straight line right through the hole. The bottom of the object light rays will travel all the way to the top of the image. While the top of the object light rays will travel to the bottom of the image, making the image upside down.
How does the camera obscura work?
Camera Obscura evaluation

The camera obscura is known to be the first actual camera ever described. It was basically the beginning of photography cameras .This camera has allowed there to be more development since as it was the basic camera viewer. Things like mirrors and lenses were added so the images could be seen from outside the box. The camera obscura became the prototype for modern cameras today.The implications this technology had/has on society is that it allowed photographs create a camera that was inexpensive and could be used for creative purposes.

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