Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

PACE

Provides a shared vocabulary which is utilized to model (or express) the Uses of BIM, including the type of objects (or terms), and concepts, properties, and relationships that exist. (https://sites.google.com/site/bimuses/)
by

Ralph Kreider

on 22 April 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of PACE

BIM Planning Ralph Kreider No common language of the Uses
of Building Information Modeling THE PROBLEM THE PROCESS Ensure that the ontology is comprehensive, consistent, extensible, and easy to use. VALIDATION What is the Purpose for implementing a BIM Use?
What classifies as a BIM Use?
What are the specific BIM Uses?
What are the important attributes of each BIM Use?
How do the BIM Uses relate to one another?
What are the major classes of BIM Uses?
Is there a logical class hierarchy for the BIM Uses?
Is the ontology applicable to the domain of BIM Uses? Competency Questions Mapped 550 BIM Uses to ensure that all Uses fit within Ontological Structure Mapping Tested Validation Procedure with CIC Research Group Piloting Validation Procedure Researched established ontological structures
Ensured consistency with established methodology and structures
Documented differences Comparison Expert Interviews Focus Group Meetings Projects
Organizations Implementation Industry acceptance of ontology Accreditation 3 Total Sessions
2 Hour Sessions
Personnel
3-5 Participants Logistics Reviewed Interview Session Objectives
Reviewed Ontology Objective and Scope
Reviewed BIM Use Ontology
Explored and Mapped additional BIM Uses
Evaluated through Survey 1 to 1.5 Hours
1 on 1
18+ Interviews Logistics Penn State OPP
MBP
USACE Potential
Organizations Characteristics of the BIM Use which state and describe the exact nature, meaning of, and purpose of the BIM Use Elaborating The goal, aim or purpose for implementing a BIM Use Objective Description A word or phrase that means nearly the same as standardized BIM Use Term. It may have had the same meaning but has since been superseded. Aliases What is the ontology on and about? Defining
Domain and Scope Collect information on the Uses of BIM Acquiring Knowledge Documenting Terms Integrating Terms Develop a comprehensive list of software
Determine the core functions of each software Software Analysis Industry Analysis Reviewed available literature for BIM Uses Content Analysis Compiling Term List Remove duplicate terms
What does each term mean Defining Terms Group Similar Terms Define
Classes Determine
Hierarchy Documentation Combining and Reviewing 3D Modeling
Combine Designs into one model
Report indifferences in 3D project models and tract project status
Identify communicate and manage changes
Digital Technology Integration
BIM 3D parametric modeling
3D architectural visualization
3D architectural rendering
3d architectural modeling
3D model clash detection
Mechanical inference modeling
BIM & 3D coordination modeling
Interactive Visualization
Virtual Modeling
Constructability Modeling
Program Validation
Design Validation
Sustainability
FFE
Prefabrication
Safety
Design Coordination
QTO
4D Scheduling
Field Documentation
Site Logistics
Laser Scanning
Model Based Layout
Virtual Mock ups
Clash detection
As-builts
Facility Information Model
Augmented/Immersive Reality
Site Selection/Location planning
Site Suitability/Alternatives analysis
Site circulation/parking/vehicle routing
Permitting/zoning review
Visualization - Building Skins
Visualization - Textures
View Shed analysis
Drainage analysis
Erosion control analysis
Height analysis
Airspace encroachments
Shadow analysis (solar potential)
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Temporal Analysis Historical
Temporal Analysis Existing
Temporal Analysis Future
Economic Analysis
Demographics
Soil Conditions
Transportation
Source locations of building products (LEED analysis)
Emergency Management/Security
Total Cost of Ownership/Lifecycle Analysis
GIS-based Facilities management (maintain 3-D architectural/structural models)
MEP/data network routing/analysis
Space Management/optimization
Move management
Asset management
Public Safety - Security
Public Safety - Fire Protection
Public Safety - Evacuation routing
Public Safety - Hazardous materials storage
Way-Finding - Proximity/routing
Way-Finding - ADA compliant routes
Interior Space analyses - Areas (organizational, operations, leasing, etc.)
Interior Space analyses - Elevation
Interior Space analyses - Volumes
Energy Management - Real-time sensor display
Energy Management - Environmental contaminant analysis
Existing As-built architectural/structural models
Existing As-built MEP/data networks
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Existing Conditions Modeling
Cost Estimation
Phase Planning
4D Modeling
Programming
Site Analysis
Design Review
Design Authoring
Structural Analysis
Lighting Analysis
Energy Analysis
Mechanical Analysis
Engineering Analysis
LEED Evaluation
Sustainability Evaluation Generating - The Generating class of BIM Uses is those Uses in which the facility information is created.
Self-Generating - to create facility information without human interact exception establishing parameters.
Authoring - to create information about the facility design
Programming - to determine need for facility spaces
Scheduling - to determine the need for and prescribe specific facility elements
Laying out - to determine location and arrangement of facility elements
Processing - to change facility information from one state to another
Coordinating - to bring different facility elements into a relationship that will ensure efficiency or harmony
Forecasting - to predict the future performance of the facility
Schedule - to plan an event to take place at a particular time
Temporal - to predict the performance of the facility or facility elements over time
Flow - to predict the circulation of the facility systems
Scenario - to predict possible situations within the facility such as crowd flow, evacuation procedures and other disasters
Financial - to predict the future monetary elements of the facility
Energy - to predict future energy use of the facility or facility elements
Analyzing - to methodically examine elements of the facility to gain a better understanding of it 
Validation - to check or prove accuracy of facility information and that is logical and reasonable
Program (Space) - to ensure facility contains the necessary space to meet its desired function
Element - to ensure the facility contains the necessary facility elements to support the facility such as MEP equipment
Sustainability - to ensure the facility is designed, constructed, and operated sustainability
Constructability / Operability - to ensure facility is able to constructed and operated effectively
Usability - to an ensure the facility can perform its established purpose effectively
Code - to ensure facility meets established codes
Communicating - to share or exchange facility information
Visualizing - to form an image of a facility or facility elements
Modeling - to generate objects with intelligence to allow the model objects to emulate the actual facility element
Drawing - to make a symbolic representation of the facility and facility elements
Annotating - to add to notes to give further explanation of facility information
Documenting - to create a record of facility information
Condition - to communicate the current status of the facility and facility elements
Specifying- to describe or identify facility elements precisely or state the precise requirements for a facility element
Executing- to put into effect facility information
Controlling- to use facility information to regulate executing equipment
Assembling - to use facility information to fit together the separate components of a facility
Fabricating - to use facility information to manufacture the elements of a facility
Managing - to handle or direct the use of facility information
Tracking - to follow and note the facility elements including spaces
Monitoring- to observe the performance of facility systems
Regulating - to control the operation of facility elements
Gathering  - to collect, to bring together facility information
Quantifying -to express or measure the amount of a facility element
Condition documenting-   to record the state of the facility or facility elements
Commissioning - to bring facility informatino into working condition and prepare for future use Program Validation
Design Validation
Sustainability
FFE
Prefabrication
Safety
Design Coordination
QTO
4D Scheduling
Field Documentation
Site Logistics
Laser Scanning
Model Based Layout
Virtual Mock ups
Clash detection
As-builts
Facility Information Model
Augmented/Immersive Reality
Site Selection/Location planning
Site Suitability/Alternatives analysis
Site circulation/parking/vehicle routing
Permitting/zoning review
Visualization - Building Skins
Visualization - Textures
View Shed analysis

Site Logistics
Field verification
Facilities Deliverables
Space Management and Validation
Record Modeling
 3D Coordination
Design Authoring
Energy Analysis
Design Reviews
Programming
Current Working Estimate divided by the Programmed Amount
Commissioning
Sustainable Design
Sustainable Documentation
  3D Trade Coordination and Digital Fabrication
4D Scheduling
Site Logistics Model
Detailed Modeling
programming
design coordination
subtrade coordination
drawing production
quantity take off (for field production planning using Location Based Scheduling)
scheduling (model-based CPM and LBS
 prefabrica
Energy analysis
Solar radiation analysis
Reverberation time acoustic analysis
"General interface for multiple computational fl uid dynamic
analyses"
Heat loss and gain
Heating and cooling loads
Dynamic thermal simulation
HVAC plant simulation
Sun shading
Simulates natural ventilation and mixed-mode systems
Interior computational fl uid dynamics application
Value engineering
Capital cost estimates
Estimates lifetime operating costs
Ductwork layout and sizing
Pipework systems
Building evacuation
Elevator simulation
Energy simulation
Energy simulation
Equipment simulation
Building product information
Space layout
Space Names for Assessment
Space program validation:
Preliminary circulation and security assessment:
Preliminary energy analysis:
Preliminary cost estimate
Conceptual Design
as-built conditions
laser scanning
point clouds
surveying Representativeness CQ Mapping Comparison Expert Review Focus Groups Implementation TOTAL Completeness Consistency Ease of Use Terms Definitions Structure Attributes 4 4 3 3 5 5 3 4 METHOD vs VALIDATION analysis"
"Design confi guration/
scenario planning"
"Building system
analysis/simulation"
"Design communication/
review"
"Quantity takeoff and
cost estimation"
"Design coordination
(clash detection)"
Schedule simulation/4D
Project controls
Prefabrication
Pro forma analysis
Operation simulation
"Commissioning and
asset management"
Cost Reliability and Management
Sustainability
Schedule Management
automate design,
simulate operations
offsite fabrication.
"visual
simulation"
Design Assessment
spatial analysis.
programmatic requirements
rapid spatial anlysis
rendered walkthrough
4D snapshot
reviewing
Real-time confi guration,
Simulate facility operations
crowd behavior
emergency evacuation scenarios
energy analysis
prefabrication
3D coordination
"constructability
analysis"
Building Commissioning
populate a facility management database
BIM asset management
4D financial model
design coordination
BIM Estimating Tools
Space object support
Merging capabilities.
Updating.
Sensor and control monitoring.
hospital procedure simulation
emergency evacuation or response simulations
real-time visualization or rendering tools
Financial asset management data
As-built schedule and cost information
Manufactured product information
Spaces and functions
Emergency information
Activity status
Sensor data
"facilities management
work orders"
appraisal
"facilities management
work orders"
Pro Forma Analysis
Scenario Exploration
Program Compliance
Building Performance
Operation Simulation
Code Compliance
Cost
Coordination
Schedule
Prefabrication
Configuration
Commissioning
Facility Management
Financial Asset management
Operation Simulation
As–Built
Configuration (retrofit)
External lighting and signage
External building cleaning and maintenance
Landscaping, fountains, and planting
Accessibility assessment
Cost estimation
Design and analysis/simulation of all building systems,
Structure
Mechanical and air handling systems
Emergency alarm/control systems
Lighting
Acoustics
Curtain wall systems
Energy conservation and air quality
Vertical and horizontal circulation
Security
Site planning, including parking, drainage, roadways
Analysis of primary functions
Financial and cash fl ow analyses
Construction documentation
BIM for design and analysis
conceptual design,
design for fabrication.”
spatial area
"functional and
economic viability"
"development of
the building program"
3D Sketching
Lighting simulator  3D Coordination
Design Authoring
Energy Analysis
Design Reviews
Programming
Current Working Estimate divided by the Programmed Amount
Commissioning
Sustainable Design
Sustainable Documentation
  3D Trade Coordination and Digital Fabrication
4D Scheduling
Site Logistics Model
Detailed Modeling
programming
design coordination
subtrade coordination
drawing production
quantity take off (for field production planning using Location Based Scheduling)
scheduling (model-based CPM and LBS
 prefabrication 
logistics
Trimble control and layout (OSHPD project actually building and validating install to the model, paper follows the model - is formality for OSHPD's sake)
change management
field verified as-builting
commissioning (pushing/pulling information between Tekla and database)
all "Information" rolling into FM (CMMS and CAFM)
Energy Analysis
Sustainablity Analysis
Water Planning
grey water reuse
air quality
eqonomic/traffic planning
lighting planning and automation
Systems Layout
Systems Analysis
MEP Analysis
Discipline Ananlysis
BIM Model Creation Tools (Class)
takeoff
Specifications
Energy Analysis
Clash dectection
4D simulation
Work packet coordination
Quantity take-offs
Supports automated fabrication
Interfaces to multiple structural analysis tools
"Interfaces to multiple structural
analysis tools"
Erectability checks
Supports automated fabrication
Automatic connection design
Automated Design
Generative Design
Synchronized schedules
Duct and pipe sizing/pressure calculations
HVAC and electrical system design
Conduit and cable tray modeling
Synchronized schedules
Interfaces for fabrication
Automatic duct sizing based on space demands
Electrical circuit manager
Interference checking
Radiator sizing and number
Systems Distriubution Routing and Sizing
Plumbing pipe sizing
Exchange data with energy analysis
Feeder and branch circuiting
Automated circuiting and labeling
Online design checks for circuit load, length, and number of devices
Automated fixture arrangement
Bidirectional links to third-party lighting analysis programs:
detailed framing and derivation of a cut lumber schedule,
framing and structural layout
automated reinforcing layout and connections
model generation
drawing production
specification wirting
cost estimation
clash and error detection
energy analysis
rendering
scheduling
visualization
quanitity takeoffs
connection detailing
Coordination is above clash detection
System Routing
Complex Curved Surface Modeling:
issue tracking
structural
energy
lighting,
costs
Analysis
clash detection and issues tracking for design coordination;
purchasing and materials tracking
task and equipment scheduling for construction.
Data Exchange
building model generation
fabrication-level building systems,
Drawing Generation
Drawing Production
Structural
Mechanical
Energy and environmental:
Visualization:
Facility management:
site analysis,
manufacturing components
site planning.
quantity takeoff for cost estimation
4D simulation
scheduling and quantity takeoffs
specifi cations
conceptual design tools
Model Authoring
Generative Components
2D detailing and annotation
4D simulation.
landscaping tool,
lighting simulation
structural engineering.
full detail editing
automated fabrication.
CNC fabrication
Structural design and analysis of reinforced concrete
Structural design and analysis
Structural analysis
Jobsite layout,
survey equipment
Product and technical information for manufacturers and distributors
Project management
conceptual design from a cost of constructio
operating cost basis
"Space planning and
program compliance"
BIM Facility Management
Design Analyzing with BIM
Energy Modeling with BIM
Post Occupancy Management
Coordination Clash Detection
Construction documentation
BIM Base Lean Construction
BIM for Engineering
BIM for Architectural
BIM for Structural
Structural 3D Modeling
3D Model for Wood Structure
Steel Structural Detailing
BIM for Precast Concrete
BIM For Constrion
Quantity Take-off /Estimating
Cost Engineer with BIM
Construction Scheduling
Substantial Building Design
3D Wire Frame Modeling
BIM For Fabrication
Coordination Clash Detection
Creation of 3D Model to 2D
Generate Qualified Leads
Digital Project Viewer
3D Geometry Building
2D Drafting and Detailing
BIM in Construction Industry
BIM Service for Building Owners
BIM Service for Contractor
Requirements of Typical Job
Scheduling with BIM
Shop Drawing
Steel Detailing
Application of BIM for public projects
Pre-Design and Programming
RFP Competition
Site Conditions - Existing Conditions and New Construction
Architectural Model - Spatial and Material Design Models
System Models - Structural and MEPF design
Cost estimation
4D Scheduling and Sequencing
5D Estimation
Energy Consumption Simulation and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis
Design Visualization
Present architectural Design
Space utilization
3D clash detection and interference management
4D clash detection and interference management
Cost estimation or management
Safety analysis of management
Present scheduling as 4D animation
Energy analysis or management
Structural analysis
Engage neighbors or users in understanding construction process
Enhance submittal / shop drawing review
Enhance shop fabrication process
Drive shop fabrication process
communication
visualization
rendering
coordination
4D sequencing
site logistics
field verification
facilities deliverables
Pro Forma Analysis
Scenario Exploration
Program Compliance
Building Proformance
Operation Simualtion
Cost
Coordination
Schedule
Prefabrication
Configuration
Commisioning
Facility Management
Financial Asset Management
Opeation Simuation
Build
Retrofit
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Check against program
Drawing and Document Production
Drawing Generation
Site Analysis Report indifferences in 3D project models and tract project status
Identify communicate and manage changes
Digital Technology Integration
BIM 3D parametric modeling
3D architectural visualization
3D architectural rendering
3d architectural modeling
3D model clash detection
Mechanical inference modeling
BIM & 3D coordination modeling
Interactive Visualization
Virtual Modeling
Constructability Modeling
Structural 3D Model Steel Detailing
Structural Drafting
Steel connection Detailing
Steel Fabrication Detailing
BIM As-Built Documents
BIM Virtual Modeling/Mock up
BIM Management
BIM Facility Management
Design Analyzing with BIM
Energy Modeling with BIM
Post Occupancy Management
BIM Content Development
Structural 3D Model Steel Detailing
Structural Drafting
Steel connection Detailing
Steel Fabrication Detailing
BIM As-Built Documents
BIM Virtual Modeling/Mock up
BIM Management
Existing Conditions Modeling
Lighting Analysis
3D Coordination
quanitity Takeoffs
Cost Estimation
Pre-Design
Cost Estimating
Quantity Take-off
Early Energy Analysis
Code Analysis
Toliet Fixture Counts
Occupancy Analysis
Clash Detection
Construction Phase
Early Design
LEED Documentation
Energy Analysis
Communication
Visulaization
Rendering
Coordination
4D Sequencing
Site Logistics
Field verification
Facilities Deliverables
Space Management and Validation
Record Modeling

"Energy (environmental)

Analysis/Simulation
acoustic analysis
air fl ow simulations
Lighting simulation
"Analysis of Conformance to Building Code Requirements
and Regulations"
"Building Functional
Analysis"
Structural Analysis
Energy Analysis
"Mechanical Equipment
Simulation"
Space Program Validation
Cost Estimation
Target costing
Simulating Organizational Performance within Facilities
simulating people flows
building systems layout
Mechanical & HVAC layout
Electrical layout
Piping layout
Elevators/Escalators layout
Site Planning layout
Structural layout
trip analyses
Drawing Markup
Version Comparision
Problem Identification
Systems Layout include Temporary facilities
Construction Systems Layout
BUILDING OBJECT MODELS Temporal Analysis Existing
Temporal Analysis Future
Economic Analysis
Demographics
Soil Conditions
Transportation
Source locations of building products (LEED analysis)
Emergency Management/Security
Total Cost of Ownership/Lifecycle Analysis
GIS-based Facilities management (maintain 3-D architectural/structural models)
MEP/data network routing/analysis
Space Management/optimization
Move management
Asset management
Public Safety - Security
Public Safety - Fire Protection
Public Safety - Evacuation routing
Public Safety - Hazardous materials storage
Way-Finding - Proximity/routing
Way-Finding - ADA compliant routes
Interior Space analyses - Areas (organizational, operations, leasing, etc.)
Interior Space analyses - Elevation
Interior Space analyses - Volumes
Energy Management - Real-time sensor display
Energy Management - Environmental contaminant analysis
Existing As-built architectural/structural models
Existing As-built MEP/data networks
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Existing Conditions Modeling
Cost Estimation
Phase Planning
4D Modeling
Programming
Site Analysis
Code Validation
3D Coordination
Site Utilization Planning
Construction System Design
Digital Fabrication
3D Control and Planning
Record Modeling
Building Maintenance Scheduling
Building System Analysis
Asset Management
Space Management / Tracking
Disaster Planning
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Project Communication and Model Review Tools
Model Viewing and Review
Model Servers
Facility and Asset Management Tools
Operation Simulation Tools
Space Planning
Analysis/Simulation Software
Cost Estimation
Collaboration
Experimental Design Using a Design ‘Workbench’
Building System Layouts
Drawing and Document Production
Specifications
Design - Construction Integration
Design Review
Clash Detection
Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating
Construction Analysis and Cost Estimating
Cost and Schedule Control
Offsite Fabrication
Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities
Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation
Space and Medical Equipment Validation
Architecture – Spatial and Material Design Models
Energy Analysis
Design Visualization for Communication, Functional Analysis, & Constructability
Building System Models – Structural, MEPF, and Interiors
Master plan Space Scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
Communication of Construction scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
COBIE/Commissioning
Clash Detection/Coordination
Virtual Testing and Balancing
Evaluating physical security & survivability
Early MEP design
3D – Virtual functionality viewing and testing of the design
5D – Material take-offs & cost estimating
Creating a interactive virtual workspace for the Design Team to achieve integrated design goals
Integrating information, e.g., electronic specifications that are tied to the BIM
Achieving automated code checking
Repeatable modular construction components to speed construction erection time
Modular construction & off-site fabrication
Visualization
Fabrication/shop drawings
Code reviews
Forensic analysis
Facilities management
Cost estimating
Construction sequencing
Conflict, interference and collision detection
Visualization
Scope Clarification
Partial Trade Coordination
Collision Detection/Avoidance
Design Validation
Construction Sequencing Planning/Phasing Plans/
Logistics
Marketing Presentations
Options Analysis
Value Engineering Analysis
Walk-throughs and Fly-through
Virtual Mock-Ups
Sight Line Studies
2D conversions
3D designs
4D Model
5D Model
Creating and Reviewing 3D Models
3D Modeling
Virtual Building
Architecture Design
2D and 3D Production Management
Combining and Reviewing 3D Modeling
Combine Designs into one model BIM Content Development
Construction documentation
BIM Base Lean Construction
BIM for Engineering
BIM for Architectural
BIM for Structural
Structural 3D Modeling
3D Model for Wood Structure
Steel Structural Detailing
BIM for Precast Concrete
BIM For Constrion
Quantity Take-off /Estimating
Cost Engineer with BIM
Construction Scheduling
Substantial Building Design
3D Wire Frame Modeling
BIM For Fabrication
Drainage analysis
Erosion control analysis
Height analysis
Airspace encroachments
Shadow analysis (solar potential)
Security planning
Evacuation routing
Temporal Analysis Historical
Creation of 3D Model to 2D
Generate Qualified Leads
Digital Project Viewer
3D Geometry Building
2D Drafting and Detailing
BIM in Construction Industry
BIM Service for Building Owners
BIM Service for Contractor
Requirements of Typical Job
Scheduling with BIM
Shop Drawing
Steel Detailing
Application of BIM for public projects
Pre-Design and Programming
RFP Competition
Site Conditions - Existing Conditions and New Construction
Architectural Model - Spatial and Material Design Models
System Models - Structural and MEPF design
Cost estimation
4D Scheduling and Sequencing
5D Estimation
Energy Consumption Simulation and Life-Cycle Cost Analysis
Design Visualization
Present architectural Design
Space utilization
3D clash detection and interference management
4D clash detection and interference management
Cost estimation or management
Safety analysis of management
Present scheduling as 4D animation
Energy analysis or management
Structural analysis
Engage neighbors or users in understanding construction process
Enhance submittal / shop drawing review
Enhance shop fabrication process
Drive shop fabrication process
communication
visualization
rendering
coordination
4D sequencing
site logistics
field verification
facilities deliverables
Pro Forma Analysis
Scenario Exploration
Program Compliance
Building Proformance
Operation Simualtion
Cost
Coordination
Schedule
Prefabrication
Configuration
Commisioning
Facility Management
Financial Asset Management
Opeation Simuation
Build
Retrofit
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Check against program
Drawing and Document Production
Drawing Generation
Site Analysis
Existing Conditions Modeling
Lighting Analysis
3D Coordination
quanitity Takeoffs
Cost Estimation
Pre-Design
Cost Estimating
Quantity Take-off
Early Energy Analysis
Code Analysis
Toliet Fixture Counts
Occupancy Analysis
Clash Detection
Construction Phase
Early Design
LEED Documentation
Energy Analysis
Communication
Visulaization
Rendering
Coordination
4D Sequencing Design Review
Design Authoring
Structural Analysis
Lighting Analysis
Energy Analysis
Mechanical Analysis
Engineering Analysis
LEED Evaluation
Sustainability Evaluation
Code Validation
3D Coordination
Site Utilization Planning
Construction System Design
Digital Fabrication
3D Control and Planning
Record Modeling
Building Maintenance Scheduling
Building System Analysis
Asset Management
Space Management / Tracking
Disaster Planning
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Project Communication and Model Review Tools
Model Viewing and Review
Model Servers
Facility and Asset Management Tools
Operation Simulation Tools
Space Planning
Analysis/Simulation Software
Cost Estimation
Collaboration
Experimental Design Using a Design ‘Workbench’
Building System Layouts
Drawing and Document Production
Specifications
Design - Construction Integration
Design Review
Clash Detection
Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating
Construction Analysis and Cost Estimating
Cost and Schedule Control
Offsite Fabrication
Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities
Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation
Space and Medical Equipment Validation
Architecture – Spatial and Material Design Models
Energy Analysis
Design Visualization for Communication, Functional Analysis, & Constructability
Building System Models – Structural, MEPF, and Interiors
Master plan Space Scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
Communication of Construction scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
COBIE/Commissioning
Clash Detection/Coordination
Virtual Testing and Balancing
Evaluating physical security & survivability
Early MEP design
3D – Virtual functionality viewing and testing of the design
5D – Material take-offs & cost estimating
Creating a interactive virtual workspace for the Design Team to achieve integrated design goals
Integrating information, e.g., electronic specifications that are tied to the BIM
Achieving automated code checking
Repeatable modular construction components to speed construction erection time
Modular construction & off-site fabrication
Visualization
Fabrication/shop drawings
Code reviews
Forensic analysis
Facilities management
Cost estimating
Construction sequencing
Conflict, interference and collision detection
Visualization
Scope Clarification
Partial Trade Coordination
Collision Detection/Avoidance
Design Validation
Construction Sequencing Planning/Phasing Plans/
Logistics
Marketing Presentations
Options Analysis
Value Engineering Analysis
Walk-throughs and Fly-through
Virtual Mock-Ups
Sight Line Studies
2D conversions
3D designs
4D Model
5D Model
Creating and Reviewing 3D Models
3D Modeling
Virtual Building
Architecture Design
2D and 3D Production Management Characteristics that vary depending upon the method in which the BIM Use is implemented Implementing Process The advantage gained by implementing a BIM Use Benefits the degree to which an organization excels performing a BIM Use Maturity The series of actions or steps take in order to achieve the objective of the BIM Use Infrastructure Characteristics which add more detail concerning a BIM Use Defining Inception
Conceptualization
Criteria
Design
Coordination
Implementation
Handover
Operations
Closure Phase Planning
Design
Investigation
Project Management
Construction
Facility Use Disciplines
Support Disciplines Disciplines Substructure
Shell
Interiors
Services
Equipment and Furnishings
Special Construction and Demolition
Sitework Element Level 100
Level 200
Level 300
Level 400
Level 500 Level of Development Tested Interview Procedure Tested Focus Group Meeting Completed On Going BIM Uses Definition: Generating Analyzing Communicating Realizing Gathering Programming, Specifying Objective: to create or author
information about the facility Objective: to examine aspects of the facility
to gain a better understanding Objective: to collect or cull
facility information Objective: to present information about a facility in a method in which it can be shared or exchanged Objective: to make or control an physical
element using facility information BIM Uses: Energy Analysis Air Distribution Prescribing to determine the need for and select specific facility elements including spaces the methods of applying Building
Information Modeling during a facility’s
lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. Objective: Laying out, Arranging, Locating Configuring to determine the location and arrangement of facility elements including spaces Objective: Scaling, Engineering, Sizing to determine the magnitude and scale of facility elements Objective: Coordinating to ensure the efficiency and harmony of the relationship of facility elements Objective: Checking, Confirming Validating to check or prove the accuracy of facility information and that it is logical and reasonable Objective: Simulating, Predicting Forecasting to predict the future performance of the facility and facility elements Objective: Reviewing, Rendering Visualizing to form an image of a facility or facility elements Objective: Transforming to modify information and translate it to be received by another process Objective: Annotating, Detailing Drawing Objective: Specifying Documenting to create a written record of the facility information Objective: Regulating to use facility information to inform the operation of a facility element Objective: Prefabricating Assembling to use facility information to
put together the separate components of a facility Objective: Manufacturing Fabricating to use facility information to manufacture elements of a facility Objective: Collecting Capturing to represent or preserve the status of the facility, facility elements, and facility data Objective: Qualifying to charaterize, or identify facility elements Objective: Observing Monitoring to observe the performance of facility elements and systems Objective: Quantity Take-Off Quantifying to express or measure the amount of a facility element Objective: to make a symbolic representation of the facility and facility elements Clash Detecting Financial
Energy
Flow
Scenario
Temporal Prescription
Functionality
Compliance IDMs
Information Delivery Manuals http://www.iai.no/idm/idm_resources/idm_methods_guides/IDM2_Methodology_20071022.pdf http://www.blis-project.org/IAI-MVD/ MVDs
Model View Definitions http://www.wbdg.org/pdfs/NBIMSv1_p1.pdf Contributions BIM Tool BIM Use Case BIM Strategy BIM Application SYNONYMS: A BIM Use is defined as a method of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. What is a BIM Use Interference Management Collision Detection Interference Detection Design Coordination MEP Coordination Clash Detection (computer integrated construction research program) a process in which Clash Detection software is used during the coordination process to determine field conflicts by comparing 3D models of building systems 3D Coordination (U.S. General Services Administration 2011) (Dept. of Veterans Affairs 2010) (AGC 2006) (AGC 2006) (Eastman et al. 2008) BIM for the Construction Industry
Clash Detection
Quantity Takeoff and Cost Estimating
Construction Analysis and Cost Estimating
Cost and Schedule Control
Offsite Fabrication
Verification, Guidance, and Tracking of Construction Activities Spatial Program Validation
3D Laser Scanning
4D Phasing
Energy Performance and Operations
Circulation and Security Validation
Facility Management Creating and Reviewing 3D Models
3D Modeling
Virtual Building
Architecture Design
2D and 3D Production Management
Combining and Reviewing 3D Modeling
Combine Designs into one model
Report indifferences in 3D project models and tract project status
Identify communicate and manage changes
Digital Technology Integration Visualization
Scope Clarification
Partial Trade Coordination
Collision Detection/Avoidance
Design Validation
Construction Sequencing Planning/Phasing Plans/
Logistics
Marketing Presentations
Options Analysis
Value Engineering Analysis
Walk-throughs and Fly-through
Virtual Mock-Ups
Sight Line Studies
2D conversions
3D designs
4D Model
5D Model Concept Design and Preliminary Analysis
Space Planning
Building System Design and Analysis/Simulation
Analysis/Simulation Software
Cost Estimation
Collaboration
Experimental Design Using a Design ‘Workbench’
Construction - Level Building Models
Building System Layouts
Drawing and Document Production
Specifications
Design - Construction Integration
Design Review BIM for Architects and Engineers
BIM Use in Design Processes (Computer Integrated Construction Research Program 2009, 2011) Space and Medical Equipment Validation
Architecture – Spatial and Material Design Models
Energy Analysis
Design Visualization for Communication, Functional Analysis, & Constructability
Building System Models – Structural, MEPF, and Interiors
Master plan Space Scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
Communication of Construction scheduling and Sequencing – 4D
COBIE/Commissioning
Clash Detection/Coordination
Virtual Testing and Balancing
Additional BIM Uses
Evaluating physical security & survivability
Early MEP design
3D – Virtual functionality viewing and testing of the design
5D – Material take-offs & cost estimating
Creating a interactive virtual workspace for the Design Team to achieve integrated design goals
Integrating information
Achieving automated code checking
Repeatable modular construction components to speed construction erection time
Modular construction & off-site fabrication 3D Coordination
Site Utilization Planning
Construction System Design
Digital Fabrication
3D Control and Planning
Record Modeling
Building Maintenance Scheduling
Building System Analysis
Asset Management
Space Management / Tracking
Disaster Planning Existing Conditions Modeling
Cost Estimation
Phase Planning (4D Modeling)
Programming
Site Analysis
Design Review
Design Authoring
Structural Analysis
Lighting Analysis
Energy Analysis
Mechanical Analysis
Engineering Analysis The Uses of BIM Analyzing, coordinating - Systems - Implementation - Electrical, Mechanical, Plumbing - Level 400 why - what - when - who - (how much/well?) a common language of the Uses
of Building Information Modeling THE GOAL Terms Definitions Attributes Relationships Classes provides a shared vocabulary which is utilized to model (or express) the Uses of BIM, including the type of objects (or terms), and concepts, properties, and relationships that exist. STANDARD The BIM Use Ontology Uses of BIM are the methods of applying Building Information Modeling during a facility’s lifecycle to achieve one or more specific objectives. Reviewed Focus Group Meeting Objectives
Reviewed Ontology Objective and Scope
Reviewed BIM Use Ontology
Detailed Review of the Terms and Definitions
Evaluated through Survey OnmiClass Table 33 - Disciplines OnmiClass Table 31 - Phases Collision Avoidance
Clash prevention Characteristics What can this be used for? A feature, attribute, or quality of a BIM Use, which serves to identify it Characteristics Characteristics Characteristics The data about the facility (including both geometric and attribute data such as model and serial number) necessary in order to achieve the objective of the BIM Use Information OmniClass - Table 21 - Elements How to Utilize Energy Analysis Better Communication Standardization Procurement Language Information Delivery Manuals Model View Definitions Standardized Process Maps Standardized Information Exchanges BIM Guides and Guidelines Scope of Work Program Of Requirements Simulating potential energy use or Monitoring operational energy Use Focused on the purpose
or the reason why does not consider Facility Element Life-cycle Phase Author Discipline Level of Development Synonyms A taxonomic name that has the same application as another, esp. one that has been superseded and is no longer valid An account of the BIM Use including all the relevant aspects, qualities, and properties Appeal to industry leaders for list of BIM Services make it usable with a guide and implementation resources Uses A Guide to the BIM A phase is a period of time in the duration of a construction project identified by the overall character of the construction processes which occur within it. Disciplines are the practice areas and specialties of the actors (participants) that carry out the processes and procedures that occur during the life cycle of a construction entity. An Element is a major component, assembly, or “construction entity part which, in itself or in combination with other parts, fulfills a predominating function of the construction entity” (ISO 12006-2). Predominating functions include, but are not limited to, supporting, enclosing, servicing, and equipping a facility. Functional descriptions can also include a process or an activity. Term A word or phrase used to describe a thing or to express a concept References a source for addition information concerning the implementation of a BIM Use Domain: BIM Uses which interact with the data within the model. Scope: BIM Uses which have been implemented and/or documented Define
Characteristics Validate Ontology Structure Validate Terms and Descriptions Ballot for U.S. National BIM Standard the elements necessary to implement a BIM Use http://blog.2modern.com/2009/11/design-with-cnc.html Coordination Analysis for the Systems during the Implementation Phase by the Electrical, Mechanical, and Plumbing disciplines to Level 400 Controlling to use facility information to physically manipulate the operation of executing equipment Objective: WHEN - Phase
WHO - Discipline
HOW - Processes
NEED WHAT - Information
HOW MUCH - Level of Development
WITH WHAT - Infrastructure WHY Very similar to BIM Planning This is BIM Planning Per Use You will be doing all of this Determine BIM Uses WHAT Determine Elements WHO Determine Disciplines HOW Design Process NEED WHAT Determine Necessary Information We where combining why, what, when and sometimes who HOW MUCH What is the level of development WITH WHAT What are the tools to support this? BIM Does not change the purpose, only the means by which to achieve the purpose BIM does not change the purpose, only the means by which that purpose is achieved WHEN Determine the Phase the purpose Spatial Coordination integrating ontology within: not part of dissertation of Building Information Modeling BIM for Owners and Facility Managers
BIM Estimating Tools
Model Validation, Program, and Code Compliance
Project Communication and Model Review Tools
Model Viewing and Review
Model Servers
Facility and Asset Management Tools
Operation Simulation Tools BIM for Subcontractors and Fabricators Varying Detail Simply List Overlap BIM Project Execution Planning Procedure Identifying Goals and Uses “Begin with the end in mind.” Design BIM Project Execution Process Develop Information Exchanges Supporting Infrastructure Overall Lessons Learned? Begin the end in mind Owner involvement is critical Need a BIM champion BIM takes time and resources Form clear business objectives Establish metrics for success Every organization is different Process is incremental Organization Strategic Implementation Procurement Project Software – Hardware – Workspace Roles & Responsibilities – Hierarchy – Education – Training – Change Readiness The Affects of BIM on Personnel Personnel Model Element Breakdown – Level of Development – Facility Data Current – Target – Transition Gathering - Generating – Analyzing – Communicating – Realizing Mission – Vision – Goals - Objectives The Infrastructure Needs to Implement BIM The Means of BIM Implementation The Specific Method of Implementing BIM Information The Purpose of BIM Implementation Uses Strategy Process The Information Needed About the Facility Infrastructure BIM Planning Elements Validation Case Studies Why
BIM? BIM Use Ontology Software – Hardware – Workspace Roles & Responsibilities – Hierarchy – Education – Training – Change Readiness The Affects of BIM on Personnel Personnel Model Element Breakdown – Level of Development – Facility Data Current – Target – Transition Gathering - Generating – Analyzing – Communicating – Realizing Mission – Vision – Goals - Objectives The Infrastructure Needs to Implement BIM The Means of BIM Implementation The Specific Method of Implementing BIM Information The Purpose of BIM Implementation Uses Strategy Process The Information Needed About the Facility Infrastructure BIM Planning Elements Identifying Goals and Uses “Begin with the end in mind.” Next Steps
Full transcript