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American Revolution ABC's
Transcript of American Revolution ABC's
American Revolutionary War
began in 1775 at the Battle of Lexington and Concord. It was fought between Great Britain and the 13 American colonies. The colonists wanted independence from England. They did not like the laws and taxes the British government forced on the colonies. The war finally ended in 1783, and The United States of America was born.
attle of Lexington and Concord
The first shots were fired at Lexington, Massachusetts. On April 18, 1775, British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in Concord, just outside of Boston.
A convention of delegates from the
13 American colonies that became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.
aughters of Liberty
Formed in 1766, this group of American women supported the boycott of tea and cloth produced in England. They urged the colonists to support American business and produce their own goods.
England forced the colonists to pay a large part of the debt from the French and Indian War. The colonists wanted to be free from English rule and King George III.
The British government sent their prisoners to the colonies. Benjamin Franklin wrote in his newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, that the colonists should send rattlesnakes to Britain. Franklin drew a cartoon showing a broken snake in 1754. He was trying to show how important it was for the colonies to be united. This cartoon was used a symbol of American unity and independence during the American Revolution.
Washington was the leader of the colonial army. He was the first president of the United States of America.
Henry was considered a radical and is best
known for his speech ending with,
Give me liberty, or give me death
criticized the Stamp Act, and introduced
seven resolutions against it in the
Virginia House of Burgesses. Patrick Henry
was the first governor of Virginia and a
strong supporter of The Bill of Rights.
The Intolerable Acts were five British laws passed in 1774 that made the colonists very angry. These laws were made to punish the people of Massachusetts for throwing the tea into the harbor in December of 1773.
In 1775, Jefferson was elected to the Continental Congress from the state of Virginia. He was chosen to write the Declaration of Independence. It stated all the reasons the colonies wanted to separate from England. The Declaration said that "all men are created equal," and the importance of peoples rights and freedoms.
Jefferson was the governor of Virginia during the American Revolution. In 1801 he became the 3rd president of the United States.
Loyalists were people that lived
in the colonies who were still loyal to
the English King, George III. One third
of the colonists were loyalists.
were volunteer soldiers during the revolution. They got their name because they could be ready to fight
"at a minute`s notice."
They fought at the first battle at Lexington and Concord.
Hale was a captain in the Continental Army. He volunteered to spy on the British and gather information. He was captured by the British on September 21, 1776 and after he admitted he was spying for George Washington, British General William Howe ordered his death. Before he was hanged he said,
"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country."
During the American Revolution the Continental Congress decided they needed to have a flag to represent the 13 united colonies. On January 14, 1777, they passed a Flag Revolution. The resolution said The flag would have 13 red and white stripes and a blue area with 13 stars,representing the 13 colonies. The nickname for the flag is "Old Glory."
Thomas Paine was a famous writer who was friends with Benjamin Franklin. He wrote and published "Common Sense" which demanded the colonies independence from Great Britain. All the money he earned from his writing was given to help support the revolution.
Paul Revere was a hero of The American
Revolution. He is famous for his midnight ride
on April 18, 1775. He rode through the colonies
warning that British forces were coming to
attack American colonists. He was a member
of the Sons of Liberty and took part in the
Boston Tea Party.
ons of Liberty
The Sons of Liberty were a group of Patriots who wanted independence from Great Britain. The group met in secret and was founded by Samuel Adams after the Stamp Act. They did whatever they could to help the colonies gain their freedom.
Boston ea Party
The British raised taxes on
the colonists. This made Americans angry. The men from Boston dressed up like indians. They went on the British ships and threw chests of tea into Boston harbor.
General George Washington`s troops of the Continental Army camped at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. The winter in December, 1777
was very hard. Many soldiers had no boots or
warm clothing. The troops got sick from the
cold. They were hungry most of the time. Over
2000 men died at Valley Forge.
In the American Revolution, The Whigs supported the war against England. Whig is another name for the patriots who fought against the British government for independence.
Also called the old cathedral, This
cathedral`s cemetery is the burial
ground for many Revolutionary War
soldiers. The church is located in
Vincennes Indiana - the site of the
Battle of Vincennes during the
Yorktown is the site of the last battle
of the American Revolution.
George Washington surrounded the
British Army. The British were
outnumbered by the colonists and
The colonial army won the war.
John Peter enger
John Peter Zenger was the publisher of the New York Weekly Journal. He criticized the British governor of New York . He was thrown in jail. At his trial his lawyer fought for freedom of the press. He was set free and continued to publish his newspaper. When the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution, freedom of the press was included, due to the case of John Peter Zenger.
Part of the Intolerable Acts, The
Quartering Act of 1774 said that
the colonists had to provide
housing for the British troops in
This angered the colonists.
The Declaration Of Independence
broke all ties with Great Britain.
The United States of America
was born on July 4, 1776.
Franklin signed 4 of the most important
documents in America's history. They
were the Declaration of Independence,
the Constitution, the Treaty of Alliance,
and the Treaty of Paris, 1783.
The Monarch of Britain during the American Revolution. Under his leadership Britain won the French and Indian War but lost the American Revolution. The patriots hated him and thought he was an evil tyrant.
By: Jenna Staehling
"These are the times that try men's souls."