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The Palestinian Israeli Conflict

This presentation goes through the history of Palestine and some of the major events that lead to the current situation. Link's to websites and videos are available for more information. Source's are also included.
by

Mazen Abdulrahman

on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of The Palestinian Israeli Conflict

Tip of the
Iceberg
The History Of Palestine
The Canaanite Civilization
3000 BCE
1516 - 1858

Recent archeological digs have provided evidence that Jerusalem was a big and fortified city already in 1800 BCE...Findings show that the sophisticated water system heretofor attributed to the conquering Israelites pre-dated them by eight centuries and was even more sophisticated than imagined...Dr. Ronny Reich, who directed the excavation along with Eli Shuikrun, said the entire system was built as a single complex by Canaanites in the Middle Bronze Period, around 1800 BCE.


The Jewish Bulletin, July 31st, 1998
Ottomans
invaded in
1516
everything remained the same.
Ottoman Law of 1858
forces Palestinians to register their land to the Empire by name of owner using a flawed system,
corrupt Ottoman region administrators
begin to illegally register their names on large areas of land.
Jewish colonists
begin to migrate to Palestine, corrupt Ottomans begin to sell their illegal land to Jewish colonists, colonists being to dispose of and
forcefully push Palestinian
native’s off their land and replacing them with
foreigners
who have
specific future political aims
in Palestine.
1882
November 2nd, 1917

Arthur James Balfour
, British secretary of state, sent a letter to a British politician,

Lord Walter Rothschild
,

promising the full support of the British to establish a
Jewish homeland in Palestine.
1917
January, 27 1919
Palestinians made
7 requests
for their
independence
but were
denied
.
1919
Canaan
covered what is modern day Syria, Jordan, Palestine/Israel, and Lebanon. Towards the end of the
7th century Canaanites settled with Arab
muslims and changed its name to "
Filastine
".
1800 BCE
Ottoman Empire
The Colonists
The Balfour Declaration
Independence
Start of Friction
The next
25 years
of violence
and
unrest passed and in
1948

Israel
became an
independent state
after it was
recognized
by the
U.N.
as a country. That year the became a
full-fledged war
for Israel with
Egyptian
,
Lebanese
,
Syrian
, and
Iraqi
forces and the violence didn’t end for 4 years. In
1949
a
peace agreement
was made between all countries involved
except Iraq
.
1948
1982
June 5th,
1967
a “
Six Day War
” begins as
Israel
begins to
attack airfields
in
Egypt
,
Syria
,
Jordan
, and
Iraq
. 5 days later the war ends on
June 10th, 1967
thanks to a
cease-fire
agreement between all countries involved.
Israel
invades Lebanon
in
1982

trying attack the
PLO
[Palestinian Liberation Organization], Israel
eventually withdraws
from Lebanon but only after causing a bloodbath and putting a
pro-Israeli
president in power, who is soon after
assassinated
by
Syria
. As Israel is withdrawing
Israeli-allied
Christian militiamen
massacre around 3500
people in the villages of
Sabra
and
Shatila.
1967 -
1978
The
Intifada
[Uprising] began in
December
of
1987
in the occupied territories [
West Bank
,
Gaza
].
Many resolutions
were made by the
U.N.
for peace but
Israel refused
them all. The Intifada
didn't end
until
1993
.
1987
PLO leader,
Yassar Arafat
, along with Israeli Prime Minister,
Yitzhak Rabin
, and United

States President,
Bill Clinton
, created the
Oslo Interim Agreement
in
October
of
1991
with purpose of making a party to
negotiate
on behalf of the Palestinians for
peace
with Israel. The
Palestinian Authority
was then born with Yassar Arafat [former PLO] as the leader.
1991
In
1993
the
Oslo Accord
was signed by Israel. The Oslo Accord called for
Israel
to
withdraw from
all the
occupied territories
. Though Israel signed the agreement
forces never withdrew
. Israel simply signed the agreement to
mislead the world
and to end the Palestinian
Intifada
[
Uprising
].
1993

We came to this country which was
already populated by Arabs
, and we are establishing a Hebrew, that is a Jewish, state here...
Jewish villages
were built
in
the
place
of
Arab villages
...There is not a
single community
in the
country
that did not have a
former Arab
population.

Israeli leader
,
Moshe Dayan
,
quoted in Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi’s

Original Sins.

War of 1948
During the time the
peace treaty
of
1949
was in effect many
Jewish settlers
were committing
massacres
in Palestinian villages,
Deir Yassin
being one of
many extreme
cases.
“Six Day War”
After the "
Six Day War
" Israel saw itself in control of the
Sinai Peninsula
[Egypt], East
Jerusalem
[Palestine], the
West Bank
[Palestine],
Gaza
[Palestine], and the
Golen Heights
[Syria] which all became
occupied territories
of Israel. In
1978
Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to the
Egyptians
due to a
peace treaty
.
Siege of Beirut
Intifada [Uprising]
The Oslo Interim Agreement
The Oslo Accord
The second Intifada began in
September
of
2000.
Israeli forces overrun
Jerusalem
and take control of the
Dome of the Rock
, one area they could not get their hand on in 1948. Palestinians enraged they started chatting for an
Itifada
[Uprising]. The next day on
September 29
,
2000
Israeli forces opened fire on
civilian protesters
. By the
fourth
year
over 10,000
were
injured
and
at least 2,859

Palestinians
killed. Israel
destroyed
over
3,700
homes and arrested more than
7,300
Palestinian
civilians
to Israeli prisons -
B'Tselem
[
Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories
]
2005
In

2004
Yassar Arafat
falls mysteriously ill and passes away on
November 11th
.
January 9th

Mahmoud Abbas
was elected as
president
of
Palestinian Authority
. Israel withdraws from Gaza Strip.
Hamas legally elected
by the Palestinians on
December 6th, 2006
. Hearing about the Hamas election it caused friction between Israel and the Arabs since
Israel considers
Hamas to be a
terrorist organization
.
2006
Summer
2006
2000
The Second Intifada
"
General Sharon
's legacy had long been cemented in the Palestinian narrative: Architect of the invasion of Lebanon;
responsible
for the
vicious massacres
at Sabra and Shatila; and, in many ways,
founder
of the
settlement enterprise
that by the
autumn of 2000
had
devastated
Palestinian aspirations for statehood." -

Al-Jazeera
"
Remembering the Intifada
"
"
In Gaza, a
French broadcast crew
captured footage of a boy called
Mohammed al-Durrah
being
shot repeatedly by Israeli forces
as he clung to his father. Moments later, a
paramedic
from the
Palestinian Red Crescent Society
was
killed
as he attempted
to treat the boy
and his father.
Amos Malka
, the head of
Israeli military intelligence
at the time, said that
Israeli forces
fired more than
1,300,000 bullets
in the territories in the
first month
alone.
"
This is a strategic figure that says that our soldiers are shooting and shooting and shooting
," Malka said about what amounted to some
40,000 rounds a day
.
"The significance is that we are determining the height of the flames.
"
-
Al-Jazeera
"
Remembering the Second Intifada
"
In the
Summer
of
2006
Israel claimed
Hezbollah
[Lebanese Militia]
kidnapped 2 soldiers
from Israeli boarder as a trade for their
own 2 soldiers
who had been
kidnapped
and
kept captive
by Israeli for
2 years
. Israelis response to that was to destroy Lebanon. They
attempted
to gain control of Lebanese land but
Hezbollah
fought Israel and pushed them

back to "
their

boarders
".
P.A. Elections
Hamas Elections
Lebanese Summer War of 2006
Alpher, Yossi. "The Israel-Palestine Conflict Won't Go Away." The New York Times. The New York Times, 17 Nov. 2012. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

"Crisis Guide: The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict." Council on Foreign Relations. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://www.cfr.org/israel/crisis-guide-israeli-palestinian-conflict/p13850>.

"Israel: White Phosphorus Use Evidence of War Crimes | Human Rights Watch." Israel: White Phosphorus Use Evidence of War Crimes | Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch, 25 Mar. 2009. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

"Israeli-Palestinian Peace Process Entering Critical Period, UN Envoy Tells Security Council." UN News Center. UN, 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

Manuel, Stephan. "White House Urges Israel for Resumption of Peace Talks with Palestine." Allvoices. AllVoices, 23 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

"Palestine Remembered." Palestine Remembered. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2013. <http://www.palestineremembered.com/index.html>.

"Palestine Threatens to Sue Israel at ICC for Settlements." PressTV - Palestine Threatens to Sue Israel at ICC for Settlements. N.p., 24 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

Rubin, Barry. "Israeli-Palestinian/Arab Conflicts Enter New Era." Www.JPost.com. N.p., 14 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

Tahsin, Hassan. "Israel Exercises Democracy by Punishing Palestinians." SaudiGazette. SaudiGazette, 24 Jan. 2013. Web. 24 Jan. 2013.

“AJE- Al Jazeera English.” AJE – Al Jazeera English. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 August 2010. <http://english.aljazeera.net>
Barash, David P., and Charles P. Webel. Peace and Conflict Studies. 2nd edition. California: SAGE Publications, Inc. 2009. Print.“Homes-American Jewish Committee.” Home-American Jewish Committee. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 August 2010. < http://www.ajc.org> “Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – ISESCO -.” Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – ISESCO -. n.p., n.d. Web 02 August 2010. <http://www.isesco.org.ma>Isseroff, Ami, Ed. A brief history of Israel and Palestine and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Rep.10 June 2009. Mideast web for coexistence.R.A. 3 Aug. 2010 <mideastweb.org>.NPR : National Public Radio : News & Analysis, World, US, Music & Arts : NPR. 02 Aug. 2010 <http://www.npr.org/>. “Palestine – Home of History.” Palestine – Home of history. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 August 2010. http://www.palestinehistory.com"Palestinian History, a Chronology." Palestine Remembered, Al-Nakba 1948. 04 Aug. 2010 <http://www.palestineremembered.com/Acre/Palestine-Remembered/Story564.html>."Part 1: The 1948 Nakba: Facts and Lessons." Islamic Awakening. 04 Aug. 2010 <http://www.islamicawakening.com/viewarticle.php?articleID=896>.Site, Growing. Welcome to Palestine Facts. 01 Aug. 2010 <http://www.palestinefacts.org/>."The Six-Day War, the 6-Day War, 1967 - The Peace FAQ." The Peace FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions about Peace. 02 Aug. 2010 <http://www.peacefaq.com/sixdaywar.html>.Trueman, Chris. History Learning Cite. n.p. . 2000. Web. 02 August 2010 <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/>
Sources
Sources
Links
http://ifamericansknew.org/history/origin.html
The Origins Of Palestine
http://www.palestineremembered.com/
Palestine Remembered
http://www.cfr.org/israel/crisis-guide-israeli-palestinian-conflict/p13850
Crisis Guide
*

*
Some inaccurate information and left out facts.
Videos
Israeli Solider Speaks against Israeli Crimes
What Really Happens In Palestine
Isralie Military Shoot Gaza Farmers
Burning Conscience: Israeli Soldiers Speak Out
Raw footage of Al Durah Shooting
Intro to the Conflict
Full transcript