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Thank You M'am

Characterization overview

Nicole Petraitis

on 5 November 2014

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Transcript of Thank You M'am

"Thank You M'am"
November 3, 2014
Do Now: "Alma" Activity
Working with your partner, finish deconstructing the short film "Alma" from last class. Remember to make your presentation visually appealing!
Types of Characters
"Thank You Ma'am" : Author Biography
Langston Hughes (1902- 1967)
Lonely child who moved often and felt distant from his parents (eventually divorced)
Born in Joplin, Missouri, and graduated high school in Cleveland, Ohio.
Graduated from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania
Early adult life- took on many jobs (cook, sailor, beachcomber, launderer, busboy, doorman)
Associated with Harlem, NYC
Most creative work was done in a small apartment overlooking a Harlem backyard (setting for TYM)
Culminating Writing TasK: Focus on Characterization
Forgiveness, kindness and empathy can have a positive impact on a person's life.

Complete the graphic organizer provided to identify three characteristics of Roger.
Use the completed organizer and model to write a one paragraph character sketch of Roger.
First Read
Read the short story, "Thank You Ma'am independently. (p. 120)
On the front of the index card, write a brief summary of the short story, "Thank You M'am."
On the back of the index card, write THREE ways in which Hughes uses characterization for either character (Roger or Mrs. Jones)
Using the post-its and highlighters, mark the elements of a short story. (Characters, Setting, Conflict, Theme)
Also, use active reading skills to mark when you visualize, clarify, question, predict, connect, or evaluate (have an opinion)
(Key Ideas & Details)
Second Read
Read along as I model a read aloud of the short story "Thank You Ma'am."
As we read, we will stop to respond to and discuss text dependent questions, continually returning to the text.
(Craft & Structure)
(Integration of Knowledge & Ideas)
Text Dependent Questions
1) What was the woman's initial reaction when the boy tried to snatch her purse?

2) Mrs. Jones says, "Um-hum! And your face is dirty. I got a great mind to wash your face for you. Ain't you got nobody home to tell you to wash your face?" What clues does the author give us about why Mrs. Jones decided to bring Roger home with her?

3) When the woman finally turns Roger loose, the author states, "Roger looked at the door-looked at the woman-looked at the door-
and went to the sink.
" Why did the author choose to italicize this part of the text?

4) Mrs. Jones says, "Maybe you haven't been to your supper either late as it be. Have you?" What can we infer about Mrs. Jones
based on what she does next?

5) Mrs. Jones begins to tell Roger about when she was young. Mrs. Jones shares, "I have done things, too, which I would not tell you, son." What effect does this admission have on Roger? How did it influence his action?

6) The narrator states, "The woman did not ask the boy anything about where he lived or his folk." What did she do instead? Why?

7) Mrs. Jones states, "Shoes come by devilish like that will burn your feet." State in your own words what Mrs. Jones meant.

8) Mrs. Jones gives Roger money. What motivates Mrs. Jones. What does she expect from him in the future?
Students will be able to:
Identify the different types of characterization
Participate in a close reading of the short story "Thank You Ma'am" by Langston Hughes
Use effective textual evidence to respond to text dependent questions
RL.9-10.1 (Cite textual evidence in literature)
RL. 9-10.3 (Analyze how characters develop over the course of a text)
SL.9-10.2 (Participate in discussion by building on others ideas and expressing your own clearly)
Exit Ticket
How did the short story "Thank You M'am" help you better understand characterization?
A character in a work of fiction whose intentions are the primary focus of a story.
A character (or sometimes an institution) against whom the protagonist must fight.
Flat Characters
Minor characters in a work of fiction who do not tend to undergo substantial emotional change or growth. They often fit a stereotype.
President Snow
Cato (from District 1)
Round Characters
Flat characters are major characters in a work of fiction who encounter conflict and are changed by it. Round characters tend to be more fully developed and described than flat characters.
Static Character
Static characters do not undergo substantial emotional change or growth, remaining essentially the same in the end as he/she was in the beginning.
Katniss and Prim's mother
Dynamic Character
A dynamic character is one who undergoes a significant change in the course of the story. The changes are not changes in circumstance, but changes in some sense, within the character- changes in insight or understanding, changes in beliefs or values, etc.
Let's Practice!
learns to love and let others into his life
main character
intentions are the primary focus on the story
Oppposes the main character, Ariel in The Little Mermaid
Never changes throughout the story
Serves Mr. Gru in Despicable Me
We see many sides of Gru
Reveals a range of emotions throughout the story

Process by which the author reveals the personality of the characters and what makes the character unique.
There are two types of characterization
Methods of Indirect Characterization
1) Physical appearance- what the character looks like
2) Speech (dialogue) of the character
3) Actions of the character
4) Thoughts and feelings of the character
5) Through the thoughts, feelings, reactions of other characters
Let's Practice!
Direct or Indirect?
The patient boy and quiet girl were both watching the game.
"Hey! We can have a lot of fun at camp this summer. I love being outside!"
Speech: What does the character say? How do they speak?
This shows us the character is upbeat and happy.

Manny rode the lawn mower through the house and into the garage.
The little girl left the game with slumped shoulders and a frown on her face.
Physical appearance: This shows us the little girl is upset and not enjoying herself.
Actions: This shows us the boy is careless and is not concerned with rules or safety.

Layla glared at her sister as she ate her dessert.
Effect on others: What is revealed through the character's effect on others?
This shows Layla is upset with her sister's behavior and inability to think of others.
I wish it would stop raining. I am tired of sitting inside.
Thoughts/feelings: What is revealed through the character's thoughts and feelings?
This shows us the character is not happy about the situation.
Do Now -
In your journals - Without your notes!!
What is characterization in your own words?
What are the 6 different types of characters?
What are the two types of characterization?
1. Create a plot diagram identifying each plot element.
2. Describe the setting of the film.
3. Name the protagonist & antagonist & list 3 character traits for each.
4. Identify the conflict(s) & type of each.
5. Identify the theme.
Homework and PL-874 forms go in the bin!!!
Exit Ticket:
Completed index card. Don't forget your name!!
Text Dependent Questions for "Thank You, M'am"
Access the textbook and story online through my teacher page!
November 5, 2014
Please take your homework out and leave it on your desk, I will come around to check it.

Do not put it in the bin!
Full transcript