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Temperate Rainforest Biome

ESS Presentation - CAISL 2012
by

Francisco Gonçalves

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Temperate Rainforest Biome

Temperate Rainforest by Francisco Gonçalves, Carlos Gonçalves, and Magno Wang 60ºN 25ºS 25ºN 60ºS Global Distribution Characteristics Proximity to Ocean Mid-High Latitude Temperate/Mid-Altitude Zones High Levels of Precipitation High Levels of Biomass Heavy Summer Fogs Abundance of Epiphytes Pacific Ecoregion Olympic National Park Washington, US Great Bear Rainforest Canada Australasia Ecoregion Tarkine Temperate Rainforests Island of Tasmania Fiordland National Park South Island, New Zealand Neutropic Ecoregion Valdivian Temperate Rainforest Chile & Argentina Climate Limiting Factors Average Precipitation: 1,500 to 5,000 mm yearly. o o 0 C to 27 C Mild, wet winters Cool, foggy and clouded summers Average Temperatures: Layers (#2) Understory Layer (#3) Forest Floor Structure - (#1) Canopy Layer dominated by tall evergreen _________ connifers (trees that produce cones with seeds) Coastal Redwood Giant Douglas Fir Sitka Spruce Can be 500-1000 years old Case cenario: California Maximum Year-High Growth Coastal Redwood Giant Species: mushrooms, moss, other decomposers; Rich, shady environment; Very high ________ levels; biomass (mass of biotic material) Importance: Nurse Logs *Examples of epyphites Food Chain &
the Different
Layers Energy Pyramid 2 (50 to 200 kg/m ) On to fauna & Flora (plant life occurring within a particular region) Banana Slug Blue Grouse Black Bear Natural disasters, hunting, population size, availability of food, predation pressure, disease, & human activity, Precipitation: higher humidity means more epiphytes. Temperature: slower decomposition. Insolation: affects growth of specific vegetation, depending on the layer. E/P ratio:
1 to 1.2 (high moisture/humidity) Net Primary Productivity Tropical Rainforest Temperate Rainforest Boreal Forest Savanna Temperate grassland 2200 1400 800 900 600 Human Activities Valuable commercial timber lands.
Heavily harvested
Logging (industrial tree farms)
Industrial exploitation
Recreation and tourism (i.e. National Parks)
UNESCO World Heritage Sites Issues Decreasing biodiversity.
Logging.
Global Warming disruption = speciation (immigration) and melting of glaciers (Fiordland ecosystem) Works Cited:
"Biomes." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C0113340/text/biomes/biomes.tempforest.plants.evergreen.html>.
"Biomes." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://library.thinkquest.org/C0113340/text/biomes/biomes.tempforest.plants.temprain.html>.
"Fiordland Temperate Forests." Fiordland Temperate Forests. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Fiordland_temperate_forests?topic=49597>.
"Glogster Home Page." Glogster. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.glogster.com/ilikecierra1/temperate-rainforest/g-6lhsies8kkftphnl46sv6a0>.
"Gondwana Rainforests of Australia." UNESCO World Heritage Centre. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/368/gallery/>.
"The Gondwana Rainforests of Australia World Heritage Area." Office of Environment and Heritage. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/protectedareas/GondwanaWorldHeritageArea.htm>.
"The Gondwana Rainforests of Australia World Heritage Area." Office of Environment and Heritage. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/protectedareas/GondwanaWorldHeritageArea.htm>.
"HRW WORLD ATLAS - New Zealand." HRW WORLD ATLAS - New Zealand. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://go.hrw.com/atlas/norm_htm/newzland.htm>.
"Life in the Rainforest - Emergentent Layer." Life in the Rainforest. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://mset.rst2.edu/portfolios/d/dispenza_l/web_design/rainforests_final/emergent_layer/emergent_layer.htm>.
Map 2: Temperate Rainforest Global Distribution. Ecotrust, n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Temperate_rainforest_map.svg/2000px- McGuffin, David. "Limiting Factors of Temperate Forests." EHow. Demand Media, 06 Apr. 2011. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8176512_limiting-factors-temperate-forests.html>.
"Tarkine E O Convite à Dilma Rousseff." Tarkine E O Convite à Dilma Rousseff. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://pablitoaustralia.com/natureza-tasmania-australia/>.
"Tasmanian Devil." Clip-art Picture. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.picgifs.com/clip-art/tasmanian-devil/7172/clip-art-tasmanian-devil-393935/>.
"Temperate Forests: Wildernesses worth Protecting." - WWF UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.wwf.org.uk/wwf_articles.cfm?unewsid=5344>.
"The Temperate Rainforest." Temperate Rainforest. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/temprain.htm>.
"Temperate Rainforests." The Dirt! N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.thedirt.org/temperaterainforest-zy>.
"Temperate Rainforests." Temperate Rainforest. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2012. <http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/temprain.htm>.
"Welcome to the Tarkine National Coalition." Save the Tarkine. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://tarkine.org/>.
"Westland Temperate Forests." Westland Temperate Forests. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.eoearth.org/article/Westland_temperate_forests?topic=49597>.
"WP27720." Warren Photographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2012. <http://www.warrenphotographic.co.uk/27720-temperate-rainforest>. Works Cited (continuation) g/square meters/yr
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