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Transcript of Language
¡Quiero tener mi propia compañia de discos! Direcciones: Lee el siguiente cuento y contesta las preguntas.
No te preocupes, ¡es bien fácil! Language is a source of identity. Speakers of a language other than English idenitify with one another.
This is also true for native English speakers within the US.
Accents and specific words help identify with groups of people and certain regions of America. Schlep (New York City) Gum Band (Pittsburgh) Snickelfritz (Pennsylvania) Cabinet (Rhode Island) Pau Hana (Hawaii) Antigogglin
(Regions of the South and West) Language Stereotypes People who speak a languge other than
English are labeled as "different".
This contributes to "othering". Accent Stereotypes Judgements based on accents are made about
intelligence, ethnicity, and social class.
Judgements are based on whether the accent
reflects competence, personal integrity, social
attractiveness, and social status.
Based on POWER of "standard" dialect speakers over those of "non-standard" dialects. Language of low SES students "Pathologizing the Language and Culture of Poor Children" This article looks specifically at the language of low SES children, but it applies to all stigmatized dialects.
There is a deficit way of thinking.
Teachers are taught to "fix" these students.
This article encourages teachers to view their unique language as a strength in the classroom. ("Refining our Understanding of Language Attitudes") Respuestas 1. Rocío
5. Abril 29
6. Su padre es de Argentina y su madre es de Sevilla
7. Tener su propia compañia de discos
Crédito Extra: Español 3 Major Language Minorities In U.S. History American Indians
Latinos In the U.S.
Before Europeans arrived, Indians had already had systems of education in place
Brought over during slavery, were treated as subhuman commodities
Largest group of language minorities in the U.S. American Indians Africans Latinos Language Oppression Off reservation schools
During slavery, formal education was denied
Post Slavery, schools were less funded, structured
English instruction was mandated
Severely overcrowded American Indian African Latinos 1968 Bilingual Education Act Ensued change for language minority students and the way they are taught in the U.S. Recognizes... Their needs
Greater access to curriculum
Trains educators (ESL/bilingual edu)
Fosters achievement among students 2002 “No Child Left Behind Act” Reversed 34 years of language policy in public schools
Ended the Bilingual Education Act
Swift teaching of English takes priority over longer-
term bilingual skill development
Schools must implement annual English assessments
Failure to show academic progress in English will lead to loss of federal funds States with the Official English Law Illinois declared law in 1969 Official English Law English being the official language in the United States Simply states government act officially and legally in English language New immigrants expected to learn English as first step in assimilation
Committed to make sure all Americans share benefits of having common language Term "English Only" declared inaccurate and is used by opponents of the English movement Reality! Children who learn two languages at once acquire speaking, reading, and writing skills more slowly than children who speak just one language. Law does not prohibit people to use foreign language in daily lives Language learning has a positive effect on intellectual growth and cognitive development, improving a child’s understanding of his/her native language. Myth: Not "English Only" You can’t learn subjects like math and science in another language. Students learn new skills and knowledge just as effectively when these are taught in a second language. Bill Emerson English Language Empowerment Act of 1996 stated that English be the official language of the U.S. government 31 states have declared some form of Official English law Myth or Reality? Myth! Reality: Immersion programs are traumatizing to elementary-school students – they’re too young to be immersed in a foreign language. Myth! Reality: Being bilingual allows a child to make new friends and interact with people he/she otherwise couldn’t. It expands students’ horizons and introduces them to cultures and traditions that aren’t their own. Monolingual and bilingual children develop language abilities at the same rate. Reality! Myth:
Children who speak another language at home develop English language skills more slowly than children who speak just English. Parents should try to avoid using other languages around their children. Bilingual education builds confidence and motivation among heritage speakers and English-language learners by valuing their cultures and skills. Reality! Myth:
Since the national school dropout rate for Hispanic students is the highest of any ethnic group, the last thing we need to do is to teach them Spanish in school. The fastest way to encourage assimilation is to place them in English-only classrooms. There’s no point in teaching heritage speakers and English-language learners to read and write in anything besides English. Speaking a second language at home is good enough. Myth! Reality:
The ability to read and write fluently in two languages – as well as speak them – is a tremendous professional asset. Bilingual education means enhanced opportunities for all students. What is language? 言語 a) The words, their pronunciation, and the methods of combining them used and understood by a community
b) A systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks having understood meanings source: http://www.merriam-webster.com lan·guage| noun | \ˈlaŋ-gwij, -wij\ Socioeconomic Benefits of Producing Multilingual Citizens - A more marketable population on a global scale
- Cultural tolerance and relativity (thus eliminating xenophobia)
- Cross-cultural sharing of ideas
- Bilingualism is a channel to multilingualism, which in turn increases these benefits, making the public more globally relevant, competitive, and aware “Just 18 percent of Americans report speaking a language other than English. That's far short of Europe, where 53 percent of citizens speak more than one language” -U.S. Secretary of Education, Arne Duncan