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Proust and the Squid Chapter 2

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by

Charles Ariza

on 7 February 2014

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Transcript of Proust and the Squid Chapter 2

Proust and the Squid Chapter 2
"How the Brain Adapted itself to Read?"

Symbolic Representation
A new form of early abstract drawings which include the amazing discovery from the Blombos Cave of simple marked lines on clay tokens, stones, or turtle shells
Second came the insight that a system of symbols can be used to communicate. Preserving words and thoughts
Underlying this curious history , we begin to see how new writing systems, caused the brain's circuitry to rearrange itself to grow and change in great, wonderful leaps of thought
How "bekos" inspired language for mankind
What happens in the complex reading brains?
"Without writing, human culture as we know it today is inconceivable" (O.T. Zeng and W. Wang.
Is history the only factor to our origin of reading?
No! Our search requires proof of "cognitive" and "linguistic" breakthroughs that are based on cultural changes.
Reading and Writing BACK IN TIME!
Origins of writing can date back to 10,000 years old according to Maryanne Wolf.
So what has adapted in our brains to give us the gift of writing?

It is known that the earliest signs of the first human efforts to "read" have been found in the Blombos Cave in South Africa, which date back over 77,000 years ago.
We should also look through different forms of writing that adapted the brain's original structure , which has changed the way we think today
Epiphanies!
Third, Sound Symbols
Think alphabetical principle! Civilizations back then, created tiny individual sounds for every word
The Story of Egyptian King Psamtik I
Can you read symbolically? Think numbers!!
"Token reading" is an excellent start
Our ancestors could read tokens because their brains were able to connect their basic visual regions
In other words when a visual symbol like a token is processed as a meaning, our brain connects the basic visual areas to both the language system and the conceptual system in our visual and auditory regions
Full transcript